[From Merchantile Manxland, 1900]
Fortunately for us all, there never was a time in the history of this country of ours when the subject of Hygiene was more closely or beneficially studied than at the present day. Viewing the present state of sanitary affairs in wellregulated places, does it not seem as if the human race owes an immense debt of gratitude to those advanced specialists who have done such yeoman service in the causes of sanitation and ventilation ? In the town of Douglas the leading position is undoubtedly taken by Mr. J. H. Cubbon, of Finch Road, who, as a Fellow of the Sanitary Institute of Great Britain and a Member of the Institute of Heating and Ventilating Engineers of England, may be relied upon for a most satisfactory and perfect sanitary installation under all circumstances, superior workmanship in all details being guaranteed by the fact that Mr. Cubbon is also a thoroughly practical and a duly Registered Member of the Worshipful Company of Plumbers. Mr. Cubbon an up-to-date successor to Moore, the well-known plumber, of Douglas has taken the lead for several years, and has attained, by general consent, an unapproachable position as a sanitary specialist of the highest order, owing to the elaborate and thorough-going manner in which all contracts are executed by him. Most people, nowadays, are becoming alive to the fact that periodical inspections of the sanitary arrangements of their homes is not only advisable, but absolutely indispensable, if the health of the in mates is to be thoroughly safeguarded. Not only in Douglas, but all over the island, Mr. Cubbon has done good work, scores of private residences, leading hotels, Government offices, and public buildings throughout the island owing their present high sanitary condition to the enlightened and scientific manner in which they have been fitted up. In case his services may be desired, Mr. Cubbon may be rung up any time, his telephone number being 106. Telegrams: Cubbon, Plumber, Douglas.
The activity of building operations in a town is justly regarded as one of the most reliable indications of commercial prosperity and social progression. Modern Douglas is certainly stretching out her arms in all directions, and every year sees a gratifying increase in her area. As one of the principal builders and contractors in the favourite Manx pleasure resort, Mr. William Kelly, of Harris Terrace, has, during the last quarter of a century, had a very considerable hand in the structural extension of the town. A few notable instances of comparatively recent date may here be cited as standing witness of the practical skill of their builder. For a commencement, we may mention the fine range of buildings known as the Poor Asylum, at Strang-(James Cowle, architect) ; the imposing church of the Methodist New Connexion in Derby Road (J. W. Firth, Oldham, architect); the large Hanover Street School for the Douglas School Board (T. W. Cubbon, Birkenhead, architect); the palatial Ramsey Hydo. (W. T. Gunson & Son, Manchester, architects) ; the Customs' Office, Douglas Public Abattoir and Corporation Stables at the Lake; the fine offices of J. Sharp & Co., Fort Street; the Douglas Pure Ice and Cold Storage Works at White Hoe (Edward Forrest, Douglas, architect); the Wheat Sheaf Hotel, Ridgeway Street; and hosts of dwelling and company houses, including a block of ten on the Queen's Promenade (G. & W. R. Kay, Douglas, architects); and the Marlborough, Clarence, and York Houses, also on the front (Horrocks & Lomas, Douglas, architects). Space forbids a longer list, but we ought to add that Mr. Kelly is at the present moment engaged on the erection of a new church for the Primitive Methodist body, in Bucks Road, which will still further enhance the beauty of that fine thoroughfare, the design being by John Wills, F.S.Sc. Derby, architect.
As usual with leading firms of contractors, a large amount of what may be termed general or jobbing work is also conducted, on thoroughly practical and efficient lines. Indeed, good honest work all round seems to be ever Mr. Kelly's motto. So, acting up to it, and in all cases doing his level best for his clients, he not only secures their complete confidence, but their lasting support-a very reliable consideration in these days of acute competition. Mr. Kelly is in connection with the National Telephone, No. 160. Telegrams: "Kelly, Harris Terrace, Douglas."
The most important and indispensable auxiliary branch of the building trade is undoubtedly thatof brick-making. This ancient craft, concurrently with the great activity of the building trade of the island, is now carried on very extensively at the Ballanard Brick, Tile, and Terra-Cotta Works of Ashburner, Barrow & Co. These extensive works, which are conveniently situated about a mile from Douglas, have been in existence for some years, and under the energetic and enterprising management of the present principals, Mr. W. J. Ashburner and Mr. Ed. Barrow, both men of wide practical experience, the working plant has been remodelled on up-to-date lines, and the output has been very considerably enlarged, so that the place has become one of the most valuable and reliable sources of supply to the Manx building trade. Bricks, naturally, constitute the chief element in the production, and are here made in every possible shape and size to suit the requirements of architects, and are supplied moulded, pressed, or wire-cut. Being invariably well made and of fine, warm colour, the Ballanard bricks and tiles are consequently in wide and ever-increasing demand. It is generally admitted by experts that the terra-cotta work of the firm is unsurpassed by that of any other maker in fhe kingdom. Terra-cotta is an Italian term, signifying " baked clay." But it is commonly employed to designate such articles formed of clay as are used in architectural embellishments. It is, if properly made, one of the most durable materials that can beused in building, and, being susceptible of artistic treatment, is now more largely employed than ever by modern architects as being beautiful, durable, and inexpensive. The articles made at Ballanard are chiefly ornamental, such as vases, window-boxes, rustic garden chairs and tables, brackets, pedestals, finials, key-blocks, lettered and figured panels, &c., though domestic requirements are not overlooked, as is witnessed by the useful bread-pan, the pig-trough, the manger, &c. A novelty lately introduced in this department is in the form of a butter cooler, of highly improved type, though simple in design. The " Ballanard " butter cooler, being made extra porous, and therefore more perfect in action, must undoubtedly become a most valuable adjunct to the pantry, whether in the mansion or the cot.
The body of the Ballanard terra-cotta is exceedingly hard and durable, and the general colour, a delicate even red, is most pleasing to the eye, whilst the workmanship and finish are alike excellent and careful. There are many indications that the developments of this concern, whose operations are conducted with conspicuous ability, showing a wide knowledge of the requirements of the trade, will be continuous. All who, have used the various productions of the Ballanard works pronounce them to be in every respect unequalled in the market; hence we may with safety assume that a very prosperous future lies before this already flourishing Manx industry. The firm, we may add, are in connection with the National Telephone, the number being 216.
So much has been written about Douglas as a pleasure resort, that people are apt to overlook the fact that it is also a thriving industrial centre. Organ building represents an entirely new phase of Manx industry, and, in introducing what is bound to become an important factor in the growth of the island, where every addition to its industrial resources is so essential to its material prosperity, Messrs. Morgan and Pollard certainly deserve congratulation and support. Although in active operation but a short time, the Douglas Organ Factory has already made its presence felt all over the island. That both principals have the advantage of a wide practical experience goes without saying, the work which they have produced up-to-date being a sufficient indication of their skill in the ancient craft.
Amongst recent specimens we may mention the fine organ of St. Olave's, Ramsey, which was specially designed to meet the exigencies of space, the body of the organ being placed in a raised chamber apart from the console, which occupies a position in the chancel. The action has been found to be perfect, being a clever combination of the tubular-pneumatic and tracker systems, the latter being fitted with the firm's improved split pallets, so that the touch is extremely light, easy, and effective. Other specimens have been erected at Port St. Mary Wesleyan Chapel, Kirk Andreas, and at the new mission church of All Saints', Douglas, and are all described by experts as fine instruments, of great power and sweetness of tone. These and other organs have all been built according to specification, but estimates can, of course, be supplied for church or other organs in any required design or form, fitted with either electro or tubular-pneumatic, lever-pneumatic, or improved tracker actions. As improvements appear-and modern organs become more complex and sensitive year by year-there is no doubt that they will be available to all desiring to give this firm their support. The thoroughly workmanlike manner in which Morgan and Pollard re-build effete or worn-out instruments, attend to re-voicing, enlarging, or repairing organs placed in their hands, has added to their reputation considerably, and all other details, such as annual or casual tunings, receive equal care and pains, so that it is not surprising that the clientėle of the firm daily increases in number, drawn from all parts of the island. Any further information respecting this interesting industry may be obtained on ringing up telephone No. 145, or applying at the Isle of Man Organ Works and General Musical Depôt, Athol Street, Douglas.
[The following advertisement was found in a Douglas St George's Bazaar, 1904 - Moses Morgan died 1921 age 61 and is buried in Douglas Borough cemetery
This page merits the attention of all persons interested in Organs and Pianos.
A visit to Messrs. MORGAN and POLLARD'S Establishment in Athol-street, is all that is required to demonstrate to those who are not intimately acquainted with this firm's work, the fact that they are Organ Builders of the first order.
They are now building a two manual Church Organ, which, for neatness of design, clean workmanship, good and sound material, and musicianly specification, could not be excelled by any London builder.
The head of this firm was for many years in the employ of a leading firm of Organ Builders, as also was his partner (Mr. F. POLLARD), and they are thoroughly acquainted with all branches of Organ work ; we are confident that no contract is too large to place, with perfect confidence, in the hands of Messrs. MORGAN and POLLARD.
We may add, in this connection, that so well known is this firm's work becoming, that they have now, by far, the larger portion of the Organ work on the Island, including St. George's.
They also have on hand a good stock of Pianos and American Organs, by leading makers, at low prices.
Piano Repairs are a speciality, and MrMorgan has made a study of the Tuning of Reed Organs.
There is always in Stock a good selection of Sheet Music, Stringed Instrument Acces sories, and all that go to make a well-assorted MUSIC STOCK.
Interior of Workshop.
Owing to the gradual falling off in the fishing and coasting trade of Douglas, boat building has lately much decreased in the port. The only boat-builder of the place happens to be a descendant and successor of the oldest firm in Douglas-that of Qualtrough and Co., on Douglas Bridge. It may be within the remembrance of some old natives of Douglas that the place on which the boat-yard stands was formerly an apple orchard. In fact, the founder of the place actually used up in various jobs the timber of the cut-down apple trees-and very good timber it proved, too. It was at this place that almost the whole of the sailing, fishing, and rowing boats of Douglas were built. Nickeys and nobbies are still turned out to order, but the bulk of the output seems to be small sailing craft and row boats, with a large admixture of repairs to all kinds of vessels, yachts, and fishing boats. Henry Qualtrough is well known all round the district as a thoroughly experienced and skilful builder and repairer, and his boat building shop is one of the most useful institutions connected with the harbour.
To those that travel by land or by sea, serviceable and appropriate trunks and cases are prime necessities. We do not recommend those tin abominations with which the holiday season renders us familiar, neither do we advise the use of those more pretentious, but specious, pasteboard articles, done up in shiny American cloth, and lavishly adorned with big brass nails. No ; something more substantial must be obtained if we would effectually safeguard our impedimenta from the tender mercies of the "baggage smasher." Most of us, unfortunately, have had to regret the energetic treatment which our luggage has sustained at the hands of railway and ships' porters, and have discovered that the best way to minimise the risk is to trust ourselves in the hands of a trunk-maker of recognised standing and repute. In the whole of the island we could not find a more representative house than that of Joseph Cubbon & Son, Market Hill, Douglas. Taking a recent survey of this fine establishment, we were struck with the comprehensive nature of the stock of travelling accessories on view.
The multitudinous requirements of ladies are here thoughtfully supplied, every protection being provided for dresses, hats, and other property, whether for home or foreign travel. Among these we noticed some trunks of compressed cane, the acme of lightness and strength ; capacious Saratogas, stout dress-baskets, visiting cases-a handsome and handy novelty- lined with padded satteen-and specially made hat-cases, some of them being fitted with as many as six cones for the perfect protection of the same number of hats.
As for gentlemen-private, official, professional, and military-we can safely say that nowhere could they be better fitted up at honest rates for honest value. Solid leather trunks and bags of all shapes there are; hat-cases, cricket bags, etc. ; a very special novelty being their new military kit-bag, one of the handiest going. Easy to pack, with room for a shirt case at the bottom, handy to carry, fitted with new spring fasteners, and doubly secured by all-round straps, it is really the bag of the period for a short journey. Here are holdalls in a wide range, travelling mauds, and other comforts, of which space forbids a longer list; so that would-be travellers cannot do better than visit the establishment and select a sample to suit their taste. Telephone 159.
In the busy season in Douglas serious complaints were often raised about the meat supply, owing to the absence of proper storage. With Mr. John Rooth, the principal butcher in Douglas, at their head, the Isle of Man Pure Ice and Cold Storage Company, Limited, have shown that they possess the widest experience and the fullest knowledge of the wants of the town. A most convenient site was secured at White Hoe, about a mile out of Douglas, on the Castletown road, and here they have erected a model stores of large capacity. The equipment of the whole of the place is an object lesson in mechanics, the refrigerating plant being supplied by the British Linde Refrigerating Company, London, on their perfected anhydrous ammonia system, the most effective of all modern systems. Modern research has most conclusively proved that natural ice, from whatever source derived, is rarely free from organic contamination, whilst being far more expensive than artificial ice as made by this company. Hence the supply of the purest ice was the first consideration of the company, and well they have provided for it, a plenteous supply of water of crystal purity being obtained on the ground from a deep artesian well. The ice-making plant at the present moment has a capacity of six tons a day.
To the agricultural community and to owners of horse flesh we can conceive of no more useful establishment than that so ably and energetically conducted for so many years at Quine's Corner, on the North Quay, by that well-known townsman, Mr. J. T. Faragher. There are few places on the island better adapted for carrying on a large flour, corn, and seed trade, as, in the fine five-storied warehouse occupied by Mr. Faragher, exist not only splendid dry storage facilities, but an admirable equipment of grinding, dressing, kibbling, crushing, and other machinery, propelled by a powerful gas engine.
Of a well-known business of this description it is unnecessary to give a mass of details, but we may state that Mr. Faragher also deals very largely in all kinds of agricultural implements, being special agent for the combined reapers and mowers of Bamford & Son, and for the new self-binders of Massey, Harris & Co., and for a host of other important specialities. We are glad to note that Manx farmers are waking up to the absolute necessity of utilising labour-saving machinery wherever possible. Even in case of the more expensive appliances, surely it ought to be possible for two or three friends to club together for so valuable an object, mutually arranging for the use of the imple ment. Man), small farmers in England do so, and find it a very profitable way of doing business. We note that Mr. Faragher is still to the fore with the valuable products of the Drogheda Manure Co., which still hold their own on the island, and that he continues to hold the wool agency of R. Houston & Co., Greenock, besides the valuable agency for the Cunard S.S. Co. We believe Mr. Faragher has few equals as a successful auctioneer and valuer, particularly in farming matters, where his practical knowledge is of the utmost value to his clients, and is much appreciated.
Although, naturally, a very busy man, yet he has unselfishly given of his time and labour to promote the interests of his fellow-citizens. For many years he has taken part in the councils of the town as a representative of No. 1 Ward, and was last year elevated to the dignity of aldermanship. He is a valued member of the Highways and Works Committee-and of the Stores Committee, in which his knowledge of horses and their proper food finds ample recognition. Honest and straightforward in his business methods, Mr. Faragher justly receives steady support from all classes of the community.
Experience teaches us that the truest economy in all things connected with the ancient craft of monumental and architectural masonry lies in securing the most durable and permanent, specimens; and it is only by the most careful attention of practical men in selecting the materials, and the introduction of experienced workmanship, that the desired end is attained. A house justly representative of all the best aspects of the craft in Douglas is that of Thomas H. Royston, a very old-established firm, whose works are situated at No. 12, Peel Road, overlooking the Nunnery Grounds. It is not too much to say that in their line the firm have achieved a distinct success, and scores of imposing specimens of their handicraft are to be seen in all parts of the island, daily braving Time's rude, tempestuous storms, and remaining as bright and solid as when they were first erected. The insertion of imperishable lead letters in granite or marble is a difficult branch of the business which is mastered, we believe, by very few. The firm have long made a speciality of this class of work with the most satisfactory and permanent results. They are prepared to furnish estimates and designs, more or less elaborate, as desired, for all kinds of monumental and architectural work.
A truly Christian duty it is to preserve the memorials of our departed ones; and, thoroughly recognising the existence of this sentiment, they always keep a staff available who may be thoroughly relied upon to clean and restore all kinds of monuments, toriibstones, etc., in a prompt and effective manner. Prices rule below the average, and are much more moderate than might be expected, considering the quality of the material employed and the fine workmanship expended upon it. From this brief notice it will be seen how thoughtfully this enterprising firm cater for the public needs. Mr. T. H. Royston is, we believe, an authority on the Runes and other antiquities of the island, and has gained the confidence and patronage of a wide circle of business and private persons from the efficient manner in which all orders are executed by him and his staff.
The firm are in connection with the National Telephone, the number being 98. Telegrams, " Royston, Sculptor, Douglas."
Prominent among the various domestic arts which find a home in Douglas, and one of the most useful, is that of the coach-builder. One has only to pay a flying visit to an up-to-date establishment like that of Messrs. Kirwan and Mullin, in Athol Street, in order to realise the gratifying results which can be obtained by the intelligent application of modern improvements.
With the introduction of india-rubber bearings and steel fittings, the weight and vibration are reduced to a minimum ; in fact, everything possible is done that many years' practical experience and the closest personal study could suggest, so as to secure a light and elegant vehicle, combined with the greatest firmness and durability.
Truly, the old firm of Kirwan and Mullin's may be regarded as a thoroughly all-round house, for there is no practical limit to the variety produced here from time to time. Many a sturdy char-a-bane or wagonette, smart landau, or elegant victoria, light Raleigh car or business trap, is regularly turned out here, all made specially to resist the wear and tear of the island roads.
An important speciality, for which the firm are justly noted, is a light iron fore-carriage for brakes, etc., which stands unrivalled as a specimen of clever wrought-iron work in the trade.
Besides its lovely sea-front, Douglas is surrounded by some of the finest scenery in the kingdom, easily accessible by splendid roads, which all through the season are swarming with fine landaus, char-a-bancs, wagonettes, and brakes, each with its merry freight bound to some interesting spot or other, hence the wear and tear being great, the services of a properly qualified repairer are frequently in demand, and Messrs. Kirwan and Mullin's large and well-equipped workshops being so conveniently situated in the best part of the town, are often tested to their fullest extent.
For general excellence of workmanship and reliability of material used Kirwan and Mullin are widely known, whilst it is generally admitted their charges are always honest, and will be found to compare favourably with any in the trade, the amount of repeat orders they obtain being a reliable proof of the high estimation in which their work is held by their patrons, who represent the official, professional, and business life of the island.
The personal supervision of practical men like Mr. P. Kirwan and Mr. G. Mullin is invaluable, and there is not a vehicle leaves their place or a jobbing repair of any kind without first being thoroughly scrutinised, as both partners are of opinion that if a job is worth doing it is worth doing well, and they do it. Telephone No. 240.
The big, ever-growing demand for pure and refreshing aerated drinks is capitally met in the Isle of Man. In the whole of the island we do not think we could find a more salubriously situated mineral water factory than that of Qualtrough & Co., on Douglas Bridge. These works are equipped with a thoroughly up-todate plant, and, every precaution being taken against possible metallic contamination, the absolute purity and reliability of all Qualtrough's productions have naturally secured for them a wide and ever-irfcreasing popularity. In the summer time, when the island is invaded by thousands of thirsty visitors, their old-fashioned stone ginger beer is a positive luxury, and all the other admirably compounded thirst-quenchers made by this firm are evidently highly appreciated, judging from the loads which Qualtrough's smart-looking lurries dispose of daily. Douglas naturally claims the biggest share, but the requirements of the other towns on the island are by no means overlooked, a branch establishment of equal equipment being in active operation in Ramsey for the supply of the northern portion of the island. It must be admitted by all observers that the enormous increase in the use of high-class mineral waters has had a highly beneficial effect on the health of the community at large, and in connection with their manufacture no name stands out more prominently than that of Qualtrough & Co., who are really the oldest firm of makers on the island, having been established for nearly half a century. During this 'long period a reputation for honest and straightforward methods of business has been established, and is being fully maintained at the present day under the energetic management of Mr. Robert Quayle, a well-known citizen of Douglas, taking a deep interest in all movements tending to promote the material and social interests of his fellow-men. The firm are in connection with the National Telephone (No. 58).
As a famous pleasure and health resort, Douglas has reason to be proud of its world-wide reputation. Naturally, in a town of such wealth and importance, many domestic industries must exist and flourish; and, taking into account the fact that Douglas is. situated in the centre of a vast agricultural and dairying district, and that all the year round there is brewing of ale on both a large and a small scale, the manufacture of brewing and dairy utensils has assumed very considerable proportions. Although it has been in existence only four years, the Lake Cooperage of Mr. Nathan Lowthian has made very considerable headway. A casual glance at the unassuming exterior of the works. conveys no idea of their capacity, as we discovered on a recent visit. The cooperage is carefully planned for the production of casks of all sizes, from the modest pin or firkin up to a gigantic store cask ; also for making all kinds of vats, backs, squares, fermenting rounds, coolers, and mash tuns, etc., which are supplied to all parts of the island. Every attention is given to the repairing branch, which is kept fully occupied by local customers, steamers and vessels using the harbour finding the Lake Cooperage a very handy place for renewing and renovating their water casks and other similar utensils. There is also a large output of churns of all shapes and sizes, cow-tubs, buckets, etc., down to the harmless, necessary dolly-tub and peggy. For hotel and ships' bars Mr. Lowthian turns out some very ornamental spirit casks, and prettily worked jugs. in various fancy styles, with other fittings. All casks are built of specially selected Crown Memel oak, which is imported direct by Mr. Lowthian, staves in any quantity being supplied to the trade. The Lake Cooperage shews signs of enterprising management, with the gratifying result that it is becoming one of the busiest little hives of industry in Douglas. Estimates supplied on ringing up telephone No. 256.
As far back as the year 1779,. when Douglas was in its primitive state, the home of a race of hardy fishermen, who, when the herring and the mackerel made themselves scarce, did not disdain to fill up their time with a little "honest" contraband just to keep their boats and their hands in working order the founder of Clinch's Brewery built his modest little "Thie-gymble" on the North Quay, close to where the Railway Station now stands. He made a profitable business of supplying these same hardy toilers of the deep with good, strong " Jough " (literally Manx for " drink "), wherewithal to warm their stalwart frames and brace them for their arduous foil, and enable them to duly cele- brate the return to the port of their large fishing fleet. The times have changed since then, and the Brewery has changed with them. Under the able administration of Mr. J. W. Clinch, who assumed the command in 1868, extensive structural alterations have been made to the fabric, improved appliances and apparatus have been introduced, bringing the Brewery abreast of the times in all respects, so that a more compact or better equipped little brewery does not exist. In the words of the eminent brewing expert, Dr. Morris, of London : " No improvement can be suggested in the plant." He did not stop here, for, with commendable foresight, he sank deep tube-wells on the premises, from which a plenteous supply of the purest water, eminently adapted for brewing purposes, is obtained (vide report of Dr. Augustus Voelcher, the analytical chemist to the Royal Agricultural Society). By using also only the finest Manx-grown barley for making his malt, the best hops procurable on the market, the purest of yeast, and by securing a free supply of air purified by filtration on the Pasteur system, he has succeeded in producing a series of unrivalled ales, which have been universally pro- nounced to be, in the vernacular, "Glen as Lajer" (clean and strong). This is the motto of the firm, and is as true to-day as when it was first adopted in 1868. Mr. Clinch at the same time selected the device of the three brawny mailclad arms, each terminating in a clenched fist, quaintly suggesting "strength," as being an appropriate emblem of a place noted for the potency of its brews. When the concern was formed into a. company in 1897, this device, together with the motto, " Troor Duirn " (Manx-Three Fists), was registered as their trade mark.
Needless to say, the products of the Lake Brewery are held in esteem, not only by all natives-who swear by thembut by the thousands of thirsty visitors who flock to the island in the summer time. The wonderful in-crease in the number of visitors-who know a good ale when they taste it-must make itself felt amongst purveyors of liquid refreshments, and nowhere perhaps so much as at the Lake Brewery, which has in consequence been recently formed into a limited company, the managing director being Mr. J. W. Clinch, and a very flourishing company it is.
Amongst the varied appliances indispensable in an up-to-date brewery is the malt and barley cleaner, and it is only due to the inventor to state that no more compact or effective cleaner has ever been introduced to the brewing world than Clinch's "Acme" Malt Cleaner and Grader. This admirable machine may, by the courtesy of the firm, be seen at any time in operation at the brewery, on the North Quay. We understand it is now in use in many of the principal breweries across the water. A full description, with prices of various sizes of machines, may be had on application at the office of the Brewery ; or from the sole makers, Messrs. Stanford & Co., the eminent Colchester firm of engineers.
The Telephone number is 32.
The food supply of a rising town like Douglas is a matter of no small moment, particularly during the visiting season, when over 100,000 visitors have every week to be catered for. There is also a steady native demand all through the remainder of the year for all kinds of fruits and vegetables in season, which has attained large proportions of late years. In connection with the supply of these comestibles, it is generally conceded that the leading position is taken by Charles Lace, the well-known importer of fruits and vegetables, whose business premises are centrally and conveniently situated in New Bond Street, adjoining the Market Place, Douglas.
Owing to the multiplicity of our sources of supply, the variety of green fruits and of vegetables every season becomes greater. Nobody in the trade, it is pretty well known, supplies the market sooner or better with such early luxuries as new potatoes, garden peas, tomatoes, etc., or, in fact, with any kind of fruit or vegetable of foreign growth. To meet the requirements of the trade he has always on hand, or at call, a varied supply, and, buying largely from the principal producers and importers, he is enabled to offer his customers numerous advantages. Quite an interesting feature of the business is the importation of decorative plants in a wide variety, including such favourites as the hardy Kentea, the graceful Latania and the Areca, the tall and stately Phoenix, together with hosts of Aspidestras, Ficus Elasticas, Dracaenas, Aralias, Caladiums, ferns, and other foliage plants wherewith to ornament the dinner tables, and to brighten up the cottage or the mansion. The trade, which is conducted entirely on wholesale lines, is of a thriving nature, being supported by the principal fruiterers, greengrocers, and market people all over the island. The telephone number is 187. Telegrams "Lace, Market, Douglas."
In the extensive district for which Ramsey is the distributing centre, the demand for such oils as are required for domestic and business use is naturally of most important dimensions. In the able hands of J. R. Peace & Co., it is generally admitted that the wants of the community are fully and completely met and duly catered for. The local branch of this firm at Alexandra Yard, on the Quay at Ramsey, is well known, having been in existence for ten years, the head-quarters of the firm being at Liverpool, where the extent of their operations gives them practically the command of the market. Hence they are in a position to supply, at closest market rates, the finest varieties of petroleum for lighting, oils for heating, oils and grease for lubricating, as well as all the noted qualities of pitch and tar. Their brands of petroleum White Rose, Royal Daylight, etc. are known to be of high-flashing point, and the safest in use. When oils of this class are used there can be no softer, safer, or more pleasant light produced by any other means. As for oils and greases for trade and industrial purposes, the firm have undoubtedly achieved a high reputation for the general reliability and the guaranteed quality of all they supply. The largest importers on the island, the firm are in a position to face all competition, and consequently they have built up a very wide trade, extending throughout the whole of the island, where the genial face of the energetic local manager, Mr. J. Yeoward, is as well known as in Ramsey. All mariners know the calming effect of oil on turbulent waters, causing peace to reign ; and Peace does reign as far as the oil trade of Mona is concerned, judging from the extent of his importations. On the whole, the firm of J. R. Peace & Co., of Ramsey, may justly be regarded as active auxiliaries to the trade of the island, and indispensable contributaries to the comfort of its inhabitants in every grade of life.
As the charms of the northern portion of the island become more widely known, there is a steadily growing demand for housing accommodation for the increasing number of visitors who, attracted by its romantic beauty, flock yearly to its shores. Building operations are consequently active all round, and the demand on all hands for bricks, on account of their superior economy in use, is rapidly increasing. Enterprising men are not wanting, ready to supply on the spot, as it were, a soundly made brick of fine texture and colour; indeed, it was with a view to properly meeting the local demands that the West Craig Brickworks have been recently acquired by Mr. W. H. Quilliam, and by him transformed into a modern brickworks-supplied with everything that experience could suggest in the way of machinery and plant-to enable him to supply bricks and other building etcetera of a quality quite equal to anything imported; and what is better, at far more advantageous rates, economically. These extensive alterations are now on the point of completion, the plant being based on a capacity of 5,000,000 bricks a year, including common, pressed, or facing bricks, or other patterns to order, besides a large proportion of drain-pipes, roofing, ridge and floor tiles, etc. A most interesting feature is the introduction of the pottery trade here, the clay having proved by severe tests to be eminently adapted for the purpose, so that ere long we may expect a thriving demand for well-made bread-pans, dishes, mugs, and other domestic articles. We have seen some of the products of the West Craig Brickworks and Pottery, and are satisfied with their general careful make and finish, as well as pleasant colour; and if these works are only supported according to the merits of their productions by the building trade, farmers, and the general public, a flourishing and useful trade will provide healthy occupation for numbers of people in the district.