[Note the Introduction is the same as the 1898 edition - not given here
there are more changes + additional text from earlier editions - Golf and sanitation seem to be the newly emphasised topics]
As we gaze with interest and delight upon the fairy scene ;just described, we begin to understand something of that feeling which has made the great reputation of Douglas as a holiday resort, and which brings back to its shores, year after year, those who have once come under its magic influence.
We have called this view of Douglas from the sea, a "fairy scene," and the phrase, strong as it is, is not one whit too strong. " The strange combination of opposites which make up the picture; the bold rugged coastline; worn into a, thousand fantastic shapes by the storms of countless ages; the bright, summer sea rippling softly against the blackened water-worn rocks; the busy, bustling port, with its crowded piers, and the great steamers constantly coming and going; the solemn stillness of the green uplands, and of the more distant mountains ; the busy streets of the- town, and the myriad sounds of its surging life on land and sea-all go to make a picture of such strange and bewildering loveliness that. words fail us when we try to express our feelings. We can only gaze, and drink in its beauty, in silent rapture. As we gaze we cease to wonder that, like the fervid Neapolitan, the Manx man so proudly vaunts the beauty of his nobly-placed town. It is not a fac-simile of Naples, or of any other beautiful city, but it has its own beauties,. Its mountains and hills are picturesque in form and colouring, its skies are bright, its seas are clear, and its streets of attractively-grouped building-,, which gleam so warmly in the sunlight, have the great advantage, from a modern point of view, of a good water supply, of being as clean, as well-drained and ::s free from disease as the most enthusiastic sanitarian could desire.
The Douglas Town Council has recognized the absolute necessity of perfection in the above, matters. The Water Undertaking belongs to the Corporation, and the Council has provided for an unlimited supply of the purest water. The West Baldwin Reservoir, which is Just completed, has been designed and carried out by the celebrated engineers, Messrs. G. H. Hill and Sons, of Manchester and London. It gives a storage capacity of 300,000,000 gallons. The reservoir is situate in the beautiful Baldwin Vale. The Corporation has acquired the agricultural land on the watershed, and ensured against any possibility of contamination. The cost has been about £100,000. The drainage of Douglas has been designed by Messrs. Steverson and Burstal, of London, and, before approval, was submitted to Messrs. James Mansergh and Sons, and received their unqualified approval. The work has been executed by the Borough Surveyor, Mr. A. E. Prescott, C.E., at a cost of nearly £80,000.
For an abundant supply of pure water and perfect drainage, the two essentials in ensuring sanitation, particularly in a Health Resort, Douglas ranks equal with the best of its competitors. Every precaution is taken to prevent insanitation, and every effort made to ensure a high standard of Public Health.
The provision of diverse and attractive amusements is a matter of the first necessity to a holiday resort ; and Douglas has, in recent years, amply provided for its visitors in this respect. Few watering places can offer so full, and, on the whole, so satisfactory a programme of entertainments as Douglas. It has two principal THEATRES-" The Grand," in Victoria-street, an elegantly fittedup building, which provides during the season a succession of the most popular novelties in drama, opera, and burlesque, in which the best London companies appear; and the new "Gaiety" (opened in July, 1900), admittedly one of the handsomest theatres in the kingdom, replete with every modern improvement, beautifully furnished and decorated. and electrically lit throughout. Musical comedy, burlesque, and comic opera form the season's bill of fare, provided by the best London and provincial companies, and a small variety Theatre, called the "New Empire," has been opened in Regent street, opposite the General Post Office.
A feature of Douglas in the season is its great evening assemblies for DANCING, with their accompanying variety entertainments. These evening assemblies, held in enormous pavilions, at THE PALACE and DERBY CASTLE, which stand in their own ornamental grounds, are unquestionably a most attractive and popular form of amusement for visitors to the Isle of Man. The seasonal arrangements at these resorts are of the most elaborate character. First-class bands, of from 30 to 40 performers, of proved ability, are engaged under the leadership of conductors of established reputation, and the most popular artistes in their different lines appear in succession during the season. At these resorts instrumental concerts are, in the height of the season, given each afternoon, at a small charge ; and at The Palace (where the services of the leading vocalists of the day are requisitioned) CONCERTS OF SACRED MUSIC are given on Sunday evenings after the churches are closed. These great pavilions and their enclosing grounds, and their approaches, are lit up by the electric light, and their brilliant appearance, thus illuminated, is a striking feature of the view of Douglas by night.
But these are not the only amusements which Douglas so profusely provides for its patrons. In the bay and along the surrounding coasts there is abundant provision for ROWING, YACHTING, and FISHING. Douglas possesses a large fleet of rowing boats and of sailing yachts; and, for those fond of aquatic sports, we cannot conceive a pleasanter way of spending a health-giving holiday than these yachts and rowing boats supply.
The Links of the town Club are charmingly situated in one of the most picturesque localities in the Island, at Port-e-Chee, about a mile from the pier, and are quickly reached by cable car. The course of nine holes is well laid over meadow land, and, by an arrangement of double tees, an interesting variety is afforded on the second round. Every effort is made by the officials, and the professional, Harry Vardon's brother, Alfred, for the comfort and pleasure of visiting golfers. The fees charged are very moderate, and, at 10s. 6d. per annum, a country membership of the Club can be secured. In addition to the Port-e-Chee Links, there is a magnificent nine holes course at Howstrake, Douglas, the private property of Mr R. H. Prestwich, and the members of the Douglas Club are privileged to play over this by the courtesy of the proprietor. The Secretary of the Douglas Club is Mr. Valentine Manley, Chartered Accountant, Athol Street, Douglas,
With regard to these games, too, Douglas is amply provided. The Cricket Ground is at Pulrose Park, close to the town; while " trundlars " will find excellent accommodation at the Bowling Green Hotel, Derby-road, and at the Finch-bill Bowling and Tennis Grounds, off Buck's road, where there are greens in perfect condition. The Finch-hill grounds are the property of a private company, and on the premises are erected a billiard-room and news-room, which are open to visitors.
In addition, to the unrivalled bathing grounds on the share of the North Bay, there is Port Skillion, a secluded creek on the inner side of Douglas Head, which has been fitted up as a gentleman's bathing-place. shut in by high cliffs, it has been carefully divided by concrete walls into enclosures of different depths, from shallow pools in which the most unskilled bather need fear no accident, to others so deep that a lofty "header" may be taken into them, followed by a vigorous swim, out into the bay. Comfortable dressing-rooms are provided, with bath towels, etc., at a small charge, to defray the cost of maintaining the establishment. Port Jack, on the north side of the bay, near the Douglas Bay Hotel, is also a beautiful secluded bathing creek. There are also the Victoria Baths, in the Grand Buildings, at the bottom of Victoria-street, and a private bathing establishment in Castle-street, behind the Masonic Hall. For good swimmers, of vigorous constitution, there are numerous secluded creeks along the adjoining coast, where an invigorating plunge may be got; or it may be obtained out of a. boat, under suitable conditions, in the open bay.
The amount of the accommodation for visitors provided by Douglas has been steadily growing for many years ; and since 1887 has been ample to meet all requirements. Bank Holidays in August are the busiest and most crowded part of the whole season, but even at that, its busiest time, there is room for many additional visitors. At the present there is accommodation in Douglas for at least 50,000 to 60,000 visitors-an amount in excess of existing requirements.
Almost the whole of this immense amount of residential accommodation has been provided expressly with the one object of entertaining visitors, and making their stay pleasant and agreeable. The streets are open and airy, the houses are arranged specially for accommodational purposes, and are fitted with every modern requirement and convenience. The catering and cooking are, as a rule, exceptional; good cooks and experienced attendants being regularly employed in the season; and so long as the supply continues in excess of the actual requirement, the competition, thus emphasised, must maintain these establishments at their highest point of efficiency, and their charges at economical rates.
This is an important point with the majority of visitors to seaside resorts, and in Douglas is more satisfactorily met than in any other watering-place of equal reputation in the kingdom. Lodgings merely-that is, a comfortable bedroom, and the use of the general sitting-room when required, with cooking and attendance can be had, even in the busiest parts of the season, at from 2s. per day, and, during the less busy times, at a lower figure ; while full board can be obtained, in the best hotels in the town, at from 7s. 6d. per day, and in the palatial boarding-houses along " the front," at from 5s. 6d. per day. Private apartments, with or without board, can be obtained at equally low terms; while, in the less crowded months of May and June, when both town and country are at their best, good accommodation can be obtained at even lower rates; indeed, on all hands, the statement is heard from visitors to Douglas that nowhere else can the same comfort and attention be obtained at such reasonable charges.
There is not a seaside resort in the kingdom which can show anything like the advantages and attractions which Douglas can show. Its central situation, so conveniently placed with regard to the means of access that a railway journey of moderate length, and a short sea-voyage over an interesting inland sea, during which the sight of land is hardly ever lost, will bring the visitor to it; the arrangements made by both railway companies and steampacket companies, by which visitors can reach it both cheaply and expeditiously ; the cheapness of living in it, as compared with the cost of living in other resorts; all these are inducements which no prudent person can wisely ignore.
In the matter of attractions, again, Douglas is far in advance of its many competitors. Its season is a short one; but, while it lasts, it is peculiarly brilliant and enjoyable. The occupations it offers to its visitors are so varied and agreeable, the amusements it has provided are so many and so popular, the social life of the town during the season is so genial and cheerful, so free from that social exclusiveness which ordinarily shuts in class from class, that life in Douglas in the bright summer days is one long dream of pleasureable excitement. Time never hangs heavily upon one's hands-the days never drag. They are all too short for the engagements crowding them. Even the rainy days, which occasionally intrude among the sunny months of summer, are not so disagreeable and wearisome as in other holiday resorts. There is always something going on to fill them up pleasantly-concerts in the pavilions of the great pleasure resorts, amusing entertainments in the town, strolls on the shore, or the pier, or in the town, in the intervals of the rain ; and, at the worst, there is always plenty of agreeable company in one's temporary home, with abundance of pleasant gossip, and good music, or an exciting game to pass the time. It is, indeed, hardly possible to feel ennui in
Douglas when the season a in full swing. The attractions it offers to its visitors are almost countless. For those who delight in the sea.--and what landsman is there who does not enjoy a sail over the bright summer .sea, or an active scramble along the beetling cliffs of a rockbound coast!-for these Douglas has a sea unequalled in the purity of its waters, and in the picturesque character of its coast-line. For those who "go in for taking things easy," nothing can exceed the delight of a sail in the Bay, or under the shadow of a lofty coast, skirting the white surf, peering into the dim recesses of the sea caves, and listening to the yarns of the boatmen about the old smugglers who used to run their cargoes under the very noses of the English preventive officers, and of the foolish sea-maidens who came to grief in their intercourse with unconscientious young sailors; or gazing over the side of the boat at the forests of waving sea-plants, and the many-hued fishes darting to and fro among them.
Of fishing, there, is abundance in the bay and along the coast; and one of the pleasantest ways of spending a few hours on a blazing summer's day is to ship in one of the many yachts plying for hire, and cruise along the coast. A long string of mackerel, with a satisfactory admixture of cod and other " strange fishes," is a sure result-in addition to a tanned complexion and a vast increase of health and cheerfulness. The bathing on the shore, Port Skillion, in one of the numerous creeks "round the Head," or even out of a boat in the bay itself, is unequalled anywhere, and, after such a "dip" the visitor returns to his temporary abode "like a giant refreshed," and with an appetite which would alarm his people at home.
The churches of all denominations (both Established and Free Churches) make ample provision for visitors, and during the season special preachers of well-known pulpit ability from England are frequently to be heard. The service at Kirk Braddan on Sunday morning a, held in the open air in the old churchyard, is attended by vast crowds ranging from 3,000 to 10,000 persons. During the month of August a service is held on Douglas Head each Sunday afternoon, when the Lord Bishop of the diocese or some well-known Anglican preacher gives an address, and collections are taken for one or other of the local charities.
Among the many suburban walks in the neighbourhood of Douglas, the most popular and most attractive are those through the NUNNERY GROUNDS to the OLD PARISH CHURCH OF KIRK BRADDAN, returning by the Peel-road; to TROMODE and CASTLEWARD, by the valley of the Glas, with its many objects of interest to antiquarians and others; to ONCHAN HEAD, with its noble outlook; to, GROUDLE and GARWICK, by the Electric Railway; or PORT SODERICK, with its rocky caves, by the Southern Electric Tramway or the Isle of Man Railway; and the GROGGA VALLEY, by the Marine Drive.
Douglas Head is open to the public, and the unrivalled view of the town and landscape, with the mountains in the background, to be obtained therefrom, makes a beautiful picture. A large portion of the east and north sides of the Island lies before you, and, in clear weather, views of the hills in North Wales, and also in Cumberland, are clearly obtained.
The; Head is a popular place for congregating in the mornings and afternoons, especially to enjoy the entertainment provided by a "nigger minstrel" troupe, who perform during the season, under the control of the Douglas Corporation.
THE NEW LIGHTHOUSE, at the extreme point of the headland, is also an interesting sight, and is open for inspection during certain hours.
The approach to the Head from the Loch Promenade is by the new Swing Bridge (opposite the Royal Hotel) on the Quay. Another route is by the Steam Ferries plying between the Victoria and Battery Piers.
Further afield, the whole Island lies open to the visitor who is making Douglas his headquarters. The Isle of Man and Manx Northern Railway Companies and the Manx Electric Companies give every facility for seeing the most interesting and beautiful parts of the Island, whilst the pleasant trips possible by car or waggonette are almost too numerous to enumerate. In nearly every prominent part in Douglas are car stands, where vehicles of all kinds, from the four-in-hand downwards, may be engaged at the moderate rates fixed by the local authorities, and during the months of June and July, and after the middle of September, a considerable reduction in the ordinary
fares may usually be arranged for beforehand. Starting northwards, by car or electric railway, there are GROUDLE and GARWICK, a very few miles from Douglas, romantic glens in the high rocky coast, on the north side of Clay Head, opening on to a wild beach overhung by huge cliffs pierced with large caves; BALLABEG, six miles from Douglas, with its ancient burial mound, and its pleasant walk past the Parish Church to GLEN ROY, a wooded mountain glen little known to visitors; and LAXEY, with its wide-famed glens, its silver-lead mines, with their great pumping wheel, the Lady Isabella, its picturesque gardens, and, most attractive of all, its ELECTRIC MOUNTAIN RAILWAY TO THE SUMMIT OF SNAEFELL.
The Electric Railways, which extend from Douglas to Ramsey, have been the means of opening out some fine scenery hitherto unknown to the casual visitor. After leaving Laxey the line skirts a bold coast, and a succession of beautiful cliff and sea views is disclosed. Amongst the pretty and well-wooded glens, with waterfalls, which have stations allotted to them for the convenience of explorers, are the DHOON, CORONY, MONA, and BALLAGLASS. The line passes along the foot of NORTH BARRULE mountain, of which a magnificent view is obtained, and has its terminus at a central point in Ramsey.
Westward from Douglas, by car or rail, there is the Central Valley to PEEL-through the prettily situated village of UNION MILLS, so called from the local woollen mills, once very prosperous, but now closed; along the low, half-drained valley of the DHOO (the Dark River), which, for some miles, still retains the old name of the CURRAGH GLAS (the Grey Bog) ; past GLEN DARRAGH, a beautiful wooded ravine opening into a mountain valley, on the upper slopes of which are two remarkable stone circles; to CROSBY, a low-lying, sheltered hamlet, the point from which the mountains of the central group should be climbed; by the rugged escarpment of Greeba, with a magnificent plantation, recently established by the Imperial Government, and with its castellated villas (one the Manx residence of Hall Caine, the famous novelist), to ST. JOHN'S and the TYNWALD HILL, where, for many centuries, the Insular Parliaments have been held, and' the Insular laws promulgated in the hearing of the people. At this point, the visitor can go three miles northwards, along a lovely highland valley (Glen Moar-the Great Valley) to GLEN HELEN and the RHENASS FALLS, or southward a similar distance to GLEN MEAY and its picturesque falls. Another excursion in this direction may be made to the FOXDALE LEAD MINES, and to the summit of SOUTH BARRULE, with its Cyclopean earthworks (a prehistoric camp of refuge), and its magnificent prospects. The return journey may be made down the western side of the mountain into GLEN RUSHEN, and round by GLEN MEAY Village to St. John's, or along the southern side of the mountain to COLBY or CASTLETOWN. Beyond St. John's is Peel.
Southward from Douglas there are PORT SODERICK, with its lovely Glen and Fairy Bridge; PORT GRENAUGH, with its wooded stream and the prehistoric burial mound; CRONK-NYMARROO (the Hill of the Dead), on the headland above its bay: the lower glen of the Santon River, with its rushing stream, and its water-worn arches; DERBY-HAVEN, with ST. MICHAEL'S ISLE and its GOLF LINKS; LANGNES'S, with its strange geological developments and its sea caves; and BALLASALLA, with its ruined Abbey, its limestone quarries, and its beautiful scenery.
Another very attractive Half-day Excursion is the drive up the WEST BALDWIN VALLEY. Passing over the Bridge at the picturesque Sir George's Mill, we go up a pretty glen until we gain a view of the lake-like expanse) of the Douglas reservoir, flanked by the wooded slopes of Injebreck and the steep heights of Carraghan and Colden Mountains. The return journey may be made by way of the Strang, a beautiful panoramas of views being enjoyed the whole way.
There is no more healthful mode of enjoying a Manx holiday than by driving along the excellent roads which give access to the best scenery. The main routes are all well laid in macadam, and the vehicles sent out from Douglas are, generally speaking, good turnouts, and thoroughly up-to-date in all their appointments for speed and comfort. The drivers, too, are attentive and trustworthy men; always ready to afford information to tourists. There is no doubt that, so far as vehicular accommodation is concerned, the Island holds rank with any resort in the kingdom.
One of the most popular drives from Douglas is to RAMSEY, by the " mountain road," via SNAEFELL and SULBY GLEN. By this route some of the most picturesque scenery on the Island is viewed, and, on reaching Ramsey, conveyances can return to Douglas either by the " long road," via BALLATTGH, MICHAEL, GLEN HELEN, and ST. JOHN'S, or by the " short road," by way of the DHOON and LAXEY. This drive is rather longer than any of the others before mentioned, but will well repay a day spent in undertaking the journey.
These are only a few of the best-known points of interest, open to visitors from Douglas; but others lie along the routes indicated, on either hand, and others again are being added to the list, by the improvement of the existing roads, or the formation of new ones. No visitor, fond of wandering amid beautiful scenery, need fear that the supply of picturesque landscapes or objects of interest will fail, however long he may stay in the Island, or however often he may re-visit it.
To sum up, a holiday spent in Douglas is a life-long remembrance of pleasure and relaxation from the world's toil and care.
There are many fine fresh water streams in the Island, and the Conservators every year add to the stocks in the rivers by placing therein thousands of yearling trout.
There is also a flourishing Anglers' Association, the headquarter of which is the Talbot Hotel, Athol-street, Douglas, where the Hon. Treasurer (Mr Thos. Weston) will be glad to afford all possible information to visitors who come to the Island to pursue the " Gentle Art."
The Conservators have published a Guide to Fishing, revised to date, copies of which are obtainable.
The Board of Conservators issue licences to fish salmon and other fish within the Isle at the following places and rates:
DOUGLAS-At the General Post-office. RAMSEY-From William Cubbon, 8 Parliament-street. CASTLETOWN-At the Sub Post-office.
PORT ERIN-At the Sub Post-office. PEEL-At the Sub Post-office.
Season, 10s. 6d. ; Month, 5s.; Week, 2s. 6d.
The King and Queen's Opinion of the Island.
IN the closing weeks of August, 1902, the people of the Isle of Man were gladdened by a memorable event, the like of which had never been known in its history. King Edward, who, with his Queen and the Princess Victoria, had been cruising round the Western Coast of England, in the Royal yacht, recruiting after his serious illness, paid a visit to, the Island. On Sunday afternoon (the 24th August), the "Victoria and Albert," escorted by the first-class cruiser, "Crescent," and the torpedo boat destroyers, "Gipsy" and "Lively," entered Douglas Bay and came to anchor. At first it was hardly realised, except by a few, that the flotilla meant a "visit from Royalty"; but the news quickly spread, and amongst the residents and thousands of visitors staying in the town the greatest :interest and excitement prevailed.
Meanwhile, the appearance of the King's yacht in Douglas Bay had been observed by Mr. A. W. Moore, Speaker of the House of Keys, and, with commendable promptitude, be engaged a yacht and went alongside. After a few minutes' conversation with Captain Keppel, the King's Equerry made arrangements with the Speaker for the King's landing and a brief tour of the Island.
Mr. Moore was then very graciously received by the King on the deck of the Royal yacht. His Majesty introduced him to the Queen and the Princess Victoria; and also to Mr. Austin Chamberlain, Postmaster-General, the Minister in attendance. Their Majesties entered into conversation with the Speaker, and seemed much interested in the beautiful bay, which was lit up by the rays of the setting sun, and made inquiries as to the various features of the scene. His Majesty spoke of the late Lord Henniker, the Governor of the Island, as having been a personal friend of his own, and also referred to the then newly-appointed Governor of the Island, Lord Raglan.
'The Speaker came ashore, and the Royal yacht, after a stay of about an hour, weighed anchor, and steamed away in a north-easterly direction.
The inhabitants of Douglas were left betwixt hope and fear as to whether their Majesties intended to land on Manx soil, or whether they would simply pass along the Manx coasts, as Queen Victoria had done in 1847, without exploring the beauties of Ellan Vannin. However, about 7-30 the same evening, the Royal yacht, with her escort, came to anchor in Ramsey Bay.
Sir James Gell, who, in the interregnum which ensued on the death of Lord Henniker, had been "Acting-Governor" of the Island, was apprised on Sunday evening of the arrival of the Royal yacht; and he hastened to Ramsey. Arriving there at 10 o'clock on the Sunday night, Sir James Gell boarded the Royal yacht. The King had retired to rest, but Sir James had interviews with Captain Fortescue and other gentlemen on board, and ascertained that it was the King's desire to have his visit regarded as a private one, -and that no addresses or public function should be arranged.
It was understood that his Majesty would land some time the following forenoon. The Monday morning broke bright and sunny ; and the pier and promenades at Ramsey were filled with an expectant crowd of tourists and Islanders, who gazed eagerly towards the Royal yacht, which lay about half a mile from the head of the Queen's Pier.
A programme for the King's tour had been arranged by the Acting-Governor and the Speaker, who went on board the Royal yacht to submit it to his Majesty's approval.
At half-past eleven the cry arose, " The King is Coming," and the Royal launch was seen to leave the yacht's side and make her way to the pier, amidst a tempest. of cheering from the animated throng.
Their Majesties and Princess Victoria were, accompanied by the Portuguese Ambassador (the Marquis de Soveral), Mr Austen Chamberlain, Sir Thomas Laking (the King's physician), Captain Fortescue, and other ladies and gentlemen. Both the King and the Queen were attired in summer costume; and on the pier they were greeted by the Acting-Governor, the Bishop of the Isle of Man (Dr. Straton), the then Mayor of Douglas (Mr. Alderman-Webb), and others, with whom his Majesty warmly shook hands.
The Royal party entered carriages ; and were drawn up the pier by Coastguard men, through a scene of frantic enthusiasm. At the gates of the Queen's Pier, where horses were put to the carriages, the warmth of the King's welcome was somewhat embarrassing; but their Majesties took it all in good part.
Driving slowly through Waterloo-road and Parliament-street, the Royal equipages, followed by the carriages of Manx celebrities, soon gained the beautiful country which stretches to the south and west of Ramsey; and the King and Queen, during the drive to Bishop's Court, expressed their admiration of the pretty tree-covered hills and the smiling plains to the north.
At Bishop's Court a brief halt was made, and the party were photographed. The lovely sylvan grounds of Bishop's Court were much admired, and their Majesties seemed to be pleased with the quiet beauty of the gardens, and with the unconventional holiday which they were enjoying.
The journey through the old-fashioned villages of Sulby, Ballaugh, and Michael, to Peel, was made with no other incidents save those furnished by shy groups of people who collected in front of the cottages to see the Royal party go past.
Stay! there was one incident; and a very pretty one. A little child tried to throw a bunch of white heather into the King's carriage, but failed; and the carriage was pulled up to allow the little fellow to give it to the King, who received it with smiling thanks, and said: "This will bring me luck."
Peel was en fete, of course, and flooded with arrivals from various parts of the Island. The crowds filled the narrow streets, and collected in force at the railway station and along the approach to Peel Castle, cheering and demonstrating their loyal enthusiasm.
Within the ground, of Peel Castle the King and Queen and Princess sat down to luncheon, which had been forwarded from the Royal yacht. His Majesty showed an amused interest in the tiny constitution of Manxland and its history.. Queen and Princess explored the ruins of the Castle ; and Cashen (the custodian of the Castle) related some, of his droll stories to the King, who expressed his appreciation of them by presenting the narrator with his autograph and a sovereign.
After an hour or two had thus been pleasantly wiled away, the Royal party resumed their carriages and drove towards Douglas. Tynwald Hill, where the Manx laws are promulgated, was pointed out to their Majesties on the way.
Before entering Douglas, a brief halt was called at Cronkbourne ; and tea was served in the Speaker's beautiful home. Everyone was delighted with the King's kindness and bonhomie. Hearing that Mrs Moore (the Speaker's mother) was ill, he sent his own physician to interview her.
Sir Francis Laking, the King's Physician, was much impressed with the beauties of the Island its eligibility as a health resort, and he put many inquiries as to the meteorological conditions to Mr. A. W. Moore, the Speaker, who is a Fellow of the Meteorological Society, and probably the greatest authority on the Manx climate.
When the beautiful glades of Cronkbourne were left behind, the Royal party were speedily launched into a much livelier scene.
The streets and promenades of Douglas were thronged with rapturous crowds, who hailed their King and his admired consort with great cheering all along the route to Derby Castle. At this latter point the Douglas Volunteer Corps were drawn up as a guard of honour, but their well-meant endeavours could not avail to keep back the excited, crowd, who thronged right to the steps of the electric saloon car which was to take Royalty to Ramsey by the Electric Railway.
Before finally leaving their Manx friends at Douglas, both the King and the Queen expressed the pleasure they had derived from their tour in "Lovely Mona," and the hope that they would soon be able to come again and see more of its charms.
Queen Alexandra was most emphatic in her praise of the beautiful country through which they had passed; and was delighted with the spontaneous welcome which had been given her by the loyal Manx people.
On their arrival at Ramsey the Royal pair received the same hearty ovations from a monstre crowd as had greeted them in the morning. Their passage from the tram station to the Queen's Pier, and from the Queen's Pier to the yacht, was safely accomplished, and, next morning, the "Victoria and Albert," with her attendant war vessels, steamed off to the Clyde. Before leaving, however, his Majesty commanded the following letter to be sent to the Acting-Governor: -
H.M. Yacht Victoria and Albert, August 25, 1902. To Sir Jas. Gell, Acting-Governor of the Isle of Man, etc.
Dear Sir,-I am commanded by the King to express to you, on his own behalf, and on behalf of the Queen, their Majesties' approval of the arrangements made by the authorities of the Isle of Man for their visit to-day.
Their Majesties highly appreciated the loyal welcome everywhere offered to them on this, the first, occasion of their landing in Man, and greatly admired the beauty of the scenery through which they drove, the richness of the landscape, and the healthy appearance of the inhabitants.
I am further commanded to ask you to convey to the Bishop and to the Speaker of the House of Keys their Majesties' thanks for the trouble which they took.
I am, Sir, yours faithfully,
At the swearing in of Lord Raglan, the newly-appointed Lieutenant-Governor of the Isle of Man, which took place at Castle Rushen in October, 1902, his Excellency read the following message, which he had received from Lord Knollys, private secretary to the King: -
" The King would be glad if you would kindly take an opportunity of informing the "inhabitants of the Isle of Man how greatly their Majesties admired the beautiful "scenery, and how much they were pleased with their visit, and with the loyal and "enthusiastic reception which they received."
The Loyal Visit to Manxland made a profound impression on the Manx people themselves, and it was the theme of comment all over the United Kingdom. It was the first time that a reigning sovereign had trodden the shores of Mona's Isle, and never has a sovereign of this or any other country come into contact with his people with such easy familiarity, such unconventionalism, and with such happy results on both sides. Manx people usually repress their feelings ; but, on this occasion, they let themselves go with one great burst of enthusiasm. Neglected so long, they were filled with gratitude that their sovereign had, at last, remembered his little " sub-kingdom." The sympathy felt for his Majesty on recovery from a painful illness, bravely borne, gave him an additional claim to Manx hearts, and we believe that his Majesty quitted our shores with the firm belief that nowhere in his world-wide dominions does he possess more loyal subjects than amongst the liege men of Man.. Happening, as it did, when the, tourist season was little past its zenith, the visitors were able to join in the pleasure of welcoming Royalty, and very gaily and gracefully did they rise to the occasion. There was no blot on the whole fair picture of the King's visit. The weather was perfect; the scenery was at its best; and the lack of preparation, the suddenness of the event, constituted a, great part of its charm.
Some time afterwards the King kindly presented the Acting-Governor and the Speaker with the insignia of Commanders of the Royal Victorian Order, and the head officers of the Police in the Island also received admission to the Order.
The September which followed the Royal Visit was the greatest in material prosperity that the Island has ever enjoyed ; but this is regarded as only the earnest of more to follow. The admiration of the manifold scenic beauties of Manxland, sincerely expressed by the King and Queen-their remark that they had never dreamt that the Island was such a delightful place-will go far to recommend its claims as a resort to the upper and middle classes of Society in all parts of the Kingdom.
Passing to the other towns of the Isle of Man, the first to claim our attention, on account of its population, its trade, its political importance, and the peculiar beauty and diversity of its surroundings, is Ramsey, the metropolis of the Northern District, and the second of the Manx towns in point of extent, energy, and enterprise. It is advantageously placed on the estuary of the 'Sulby, the largest of the Manx rivers; and it occupies the southern portion of the extensive indentation of the north-eastern coast to which it gives its name, viz., Ramsey Bay. Politically, it is mainly in the sheading, or shire, of Garff, the greater part of the town being in the ecclesiastical parish of Maughold, but an increasing part of it is in the parish of Lezayre. It is distant from Douglas 16 miles, and about the same distance from Peel; and it is about 25 miles from Castletown, the ancient southern metropolis.
Thos.- who wish to proceed to Ramsey from England have ample facilities for so doing. In the summer there is DIRECT STEAM COMMUNICATION FROM LIVERPOOL TO RAMSEY on certain days of the week; and on the intervening days the visitor can book DIRECT TO RAMSEY VIA DOUGLAS. The latter is a longer route by a few miles, but the extra time occupied in the voyage is amply compensated for by the pleasure of the short sail across Douglas Bay and along the magnificent cliffs from Clay Head to Maughold Head (the southern horn of Ramsey Bay). There is also communication from FLEETWOOD to Ramsey, via Douglas; between Ramsey and GLASGOW; between WHITEHAVEN and Ramsey; and between BELFAST and Douglas. Full details as to all these services will be supplied on application at the offices of the Isle of Man Steam Packet Company, Limited, at Douglas and Ramsey; at the agents of the Company in various parts of the kingdom; or at the offices of the Official Board of Advertising, in Douglas or London.
Ramsey is connected with DOUGLAS and the southern division of the Island by a well-constructed and well-managed NARROW-GUAGE RAILWAY, which runs westward along the foot of the mountains, through SULBY, BALLAUGH, and MICHAEL, to ST. JOHN'S, where it meets the railway between Douglas and Peel, and also the extension of the main line into the southern mountains to the mining village of Foxdale. The distance to Douglas by this route is about 24 miles. The views along it are of the most varied and attractive character; the romantic mountain scenery on the one hand, and the low, undulating Curraghs, and, beyond it, the wild, rocky coastline, on the other, are singularly beautiful, and make a journey along this line wonderfully interesting. By the east coast COMMUNICATION by the MANX ELECTRIC RAILWAY between Ramsey and Douglas is frequent and rapid. The distance is 17z miles. The scenery along this line is as picturesque and diversified as by the western line, the high rocky coast-line being rarely out of sight, while exquisite views are afforded of the mountainous interior. The new mountain road, via SNAEFELL, to Douglas, recently completed, open out one of the most charmingly picturesque drives on the Island.
Besides these lines of railway, Ramsey, and the northern district, are joined to the rest of the Island by two main roads, and a complete network of secondary roads. Generally speaking, the main roads take the same routes as the railways. The western and longer of them skirts the foot of the northern mountains, as far as ST. JOHN'S, where it crosses the highroad from Douglas to PEEL, and proceeds southward to CASTLETOWN. The eastern and shorter road keeps close to the eastern coast, passing through the romantic village of LAXEY. In addition to the by-roads branching off the first part of the western road to the western parts of BALLAUGH and JURBY, the northern district communicates with its metropolis and outlet by a complete network of by-roads, which open up every part of the country from the mountains to the POINT OF AYRE, and afford the tourist ample opportunities for exploring this interesting district. Nor is the mountainous interior, which forms so picturesque a background to Ramsey, closed to visitors. Notwithstanding the height of the mountains themselves, which include a number of peaks between 1,800 and 2,000 feet in height, they are traversed by several good roads, one traversing the eastern range, while others, passing up the different glens, cross the range at other points-the result being that, to a fairly good pedestrian, the highlands of the district are as accessible as the low plains of the north or the cliffs of the coastline.
Ramsey presents a peculiarly attractive appearance, and conveys to the spectator the idea of being a, town of fine streets and handsome buildings, laid out in a more regular manner than is common in Manx or even in English towns. But the glory of Ramsey is its beautiful scenery and surroundings; its broad; placid bay, with the weather-worn cliffs of MAUGHOLD HEAD and SLIEU LEWAIGUE on the south, and the warmly-coloured sandy "broughs" of BRIDE, stretching away to the north, and its noble background of mountains, whose rocky sides, deeply scored with wild ravines and deep woodland glens, tower steeply up in the centre, grey crag and green hill in the near distance, with rocky peak and rounded head succeeding each other, until they culminate in the giant heads of NORTH BARRULE and SNAEFELL. The tout ensemble is simply unique in the Isle of Man, and is not excelled by that of any town in the, British Isles. Douglas, with its crescent-shaped bay, its magnificent marine promenades, its terraced cliffs, covered with splendid buildings from the water's edge to their summits, and its noble background of green hills and distant mountains, is unquestionably a beautiful picture, and richly deserves the reputation which it has achieved; but it has not that wonderful mountain wall, rising abruptly behind it, which is the distinguishing feature of every view of Ramsey, and which offers to those who make the town their holiday quarters such splendid practice in hill climbing, of the safest character, such romantic wanderings into the sylvan glens and wild recesses of the mysterious country which lies beyond.
The appearance of this much-favoured town i almost equally striking from whatever point it is seen. Approaching from the south, and looking down upon it from the hillside above Ballure, the prospect is very beautiful, the thickly wooded hillside sinking steeply into the great northern plain on the right, and rising, on the left, in green craggy masses, until it merges into the rugged mountains of the interior ; the prettily laid-out town clustering between the mountain foot and the brown, sandy shore, with its long-stretched-out piers; the low-lying country of the Ayre beyond, spreading away to the north and west, dotted with pleasant villas and tree-embosomed farmsteads; and the bright, summer sea, shimmering and flashing in the sun, with the blue, cloud-like mountains of Cumberland and Galloway on its farther shores. Taking our stand; again, upon a projecting point of the northern "broughs," and looking southward, the view is equally fine-the new town on the MOORAGH, with its lake and its ornamental grounds; the old town of Ramsey beyond the harbour, with its modern suburbs along the lower slopes of the mountains; the sheltering mountains themselves, with LHERGY-FRISSEL and its picturesque tower standing like an advanced guard above the town; the broad, sail-flecked hay on the, left; and, in the distant south, the giant bulk of grim Maughold Head-a fitting background to a noble picture.
In short, for beauty of situation, and for opportunities of enjoyment, whether on land or sea-in mountaineering among little-trod and less known peaks„ or in exploring the recesses of fairy-haunted glens, hidden deep amid rugged mountains, or in climbing the beetling crags of a wild and rocky coast in search of sea birds' eggs or of rare cliff-haunting plants, or in sailing over the clear waters of the bay, or in wandering up the woodland glens whipping the river pools for speckled trout or silvery salmon-Ramsey has few equals within the wide, circuit of the British Isles; and he who could not spend a pleasant holiday in it, and, at its close, go back to his labours stronger in body and healthier in mind, must be singularly destitute of that love of the beautiful in nature which is the last and best of all good gifts.
Like the other Manx towns, Ramsey consists of two distinct parts; the Old Town, occupying the level ground in the neighbourhood of the harbour; and showing, by the character and arrangement of its buildings, its intimate connection with the smuggling times of the last century; and the suburbs, or modern quarters, which have sprung up in recent years.
For those who prefer private houses as their temporary homes during their stay in Ramsey, there is an abundant supply of first-class accommodation, both for boarders and lodgers, in the new and imposing boarding-houses erected on the Mooragh (or North) Promenade; in the various terraces overlooking the Bay, along the South Promenade as far south as the entrance to Ballure Glen; upon the higher grounds, by Brook Hill road, and May Hill, round by the lower spurs of the mountains to the low-grounds, by the Lezayre road-no difficulty can be experienced in selecting suitable lodgings, in which the outlook shall be pleasant and cheerful, the accommodation of unexceptionable quality, and the terms of so moderate a character that no complaint could be raised on that score by the most economically minded.
Ramsey has extraordinary facilities for sea bathing and for boating. The shore is composed of fine sand, with a narrow margin of small gravel. This gives a firm and easy footing to the bather, while the great shallowness of the water makes bathing both pleasant and safe. The superficial waters are warmed by the bright sunshine and there are neither dangerous "holes" in the shore, into which the unwary bather may sink, nor treacherous eddies to carry him out to sea; so that the Ramsey shore is equally pleasant as a lounging place for the elders of a holiday party or as a playground for the juniors, when the tide is out, and as a delightfully invigorating bathing ground when the tide is in. Accidents from bathing or boating are almost unknown.
Recently an open-air Swimming Bath, 155 ft. x 80 ft., has been constructed on the foreshore near the centre of the town, and is easily accessible. Comfortable dressing rooms are provided; also diving towers, spring boards, water shoots, etc. This bath is available for ladies and gentlemen, and can be used during all states of the tide. A spacious tea-room overlooks the bath, where bathers and others can obtain refreshments.
Ramsey Bay offers unrivalled facilities both for boating and fishing. Indeed, for boating, with sail or oar, few places within reach of the British tourist present such numerous and varied opportunities of enjoying this healthy and interesting amusement as Ramsey. For those people who prefer the small row boat, there is the broad expanse of the bay itself, with a wide choice of scenery and fishing ground to choose from. North, there are the shallow waters and the steep sandy " broughs " of Lezayre and Bride; and on the south there are the rugged slaty cliffs of the Maughold coast. Fish are plentiful everywhere, and are easily taken. Whiting, gurnet, mackerel. plaice, blockon, and other choice fish, are found within a short distance from the shore ; but, farther away, especially off Maughold Head, or further still, off the Bahama Bank, the fish are more varied and more plentiful, and the sport more exciting. In addition to the smaller fish which may be caught nearer the shore, large conger eels, cod, ray, fluke, etc., are largely taken ; and it is quite an ordinary occurrence to return with a well laden boat, after a few hours' pleasant sport. If the fishing ground selected is sufficiently near the land. there are many charming creeks along this lofty coast where the party may land, and enjoy their day's spoils in pic-nic fashion. At the proper season, and especially after rains, SALMON are numerous in the lower reaches of the SULBY RIVER, and in the harbour and bay. Small row-boats may be used for inshore boating and fishing, but for excursions further afield-to the grounds off Maughold Head or the Bahama Bank-sailing boats should be taken. There are always well-built sailing boats manned by experienced men well acquainted with the bay and adjoining coasts, waiting to be engaged : and the charges are moderate. To meet the requirements of timorous or young, persons, A LAKE OF SEA WATER (12 acres in extent) HAS BEEN PROVIDED ON THE MOORAGH, and is suitable for either sailing or rowing boats.
The Ramsey Ground is pleasantly situated on Pooildhooie Common. It can be reached, from any part of Ramsey, within 10 minutes. The ground compares favourably with any local club ground in England. Visitors are welcomed, and any evening during the season they can go to the nets. A small charge is made for weekly tickets. Any intending visitor writing to the Hon. Secretary, Mr P. W. Brooke, Abbeville, Sulby, will receive full information.
The Ramsey Commissioners (the municipal authority) have laid out six tennis courts, a splendid bowling green, and a croquet green in the Mooragh Park, and close to -the South Promenade. On the South Ramsey Estate a similar number of tennis courts have also been provided. Every facility is offered for playing these games at reasonable charges.
At the beautiful spot known as "Milntown," which is only a few minutes' walk from Ramsey, a fine Golf Links has been formed, and every facility is offered for playing this increasingly popular game. The links were laid cut under the supervision of the famous Tom Morris, of St. Andrew's, and are said to be equal to any to be found across the water.
An Open Tournament is held early in August each year. Valuable prizes are offered, including the " Ramsey Town Cup," valued at 35 guineas. The annual subscription for visitors is 10s. 6d. Rules and further information can be obtained from the President, J. M. Cruickshank, Esq., chief magistrate of Ramsey ; or the Hon. Secretary.
As a holiday resort of a quieter and more exclusive character, Ramsey is without a rival in the isle of Man; and few places in the British Isles can show so goodly a list of attractions to its visitors. Convenience to adjoining countries; ready and expeditious access from all parts; abundant accommodation, of an exceptional character, for its visitors; low tariffs, such as cannot be matched in any English or Scottish resort of anything like equal claims; a pretty town. with its drains and buildings constructed on modern scientific principles; a splendid climate and healthy surroundings; pleasant occupation for the day, with a sufficiency of music and other amusements to vary the day's engagements; boating, fishing, cliff climbing, mountaineering, and exploring some of the loveliest scenery in the British Isles; with agreeable society, and pleasant gossip, for those so inclined-all these Ramsey offers to its visitors, and if providing unstinted comfort, and healthy enjoyment for its patrons, can make a seaside town attractive and popular, then Ramsey is certainly one of the pleasantest, and should be one of the most popular, holiday resorts in the British Islands.
As a health resort, Ramsey, though as yet but little known, and only in the beginning of its career, possesses advantages, natural and acquired, which unquestionably fit it to take a high place among the recognised sanitoria of the world. Its situation is everything which could be desired for persons of delicate or consumptive tendencies. Placed on the sea-margin of an extensive low-lying district, on a warm sandy formation, and sheltered (by the highlands of Maughold and Lezayre) from the prevalent winds of the winter, its climate is singularly mild and genial, essentially insular in its general character, but dried and sharpened by its easterly aspect. The temperature is exceptionally high, its rainfall is considerably less than that of the neighbouring mountain region; with its clear skies and warm sub-soil, the district is one of the healthiest in the British Islands. The town itself, too, especially in its more modern suburbs, has been carefully laid out according to the most approved sanitary principles, by Mr Mansergh, the eminent authority on drainage. Its drainage system is in perfect order; and its pleasant life, and its beautiful surroundings, give that amount of agreeable occupation, and that cheerfulness of tone, so essential to the success of any medical regimen.
The scenery about the. northern district, of which Ramsey is the natural centre and outlet, is in striking contrast to that of the other parts of the Island. Standing at the junction of two widely separated rock formations, the appearance of the country north and south of the town is curiously unlike. Looking southward and westward, the sub rock is a clay slate of the Lower Silurian Age, and form a high mountain range which ends in the bold promontory of MAUGHOLD HEAD. From this point, the range rolls inland in a long succession o rocky peaks, through NORTH BARRULE, CLAGH OUYRE, SNAEFELL, and others, to the western coast, forming one of the grandest mountain landscapes in Britain. This mountainous background is broken by a series, of beautiful sylvan glens-BALLUKE, CORNAH, GLEN MONA, BALLAGLASS, ELFIN GLEN, GLEN AULDYN, SULBY GLEN, RAVENSDALE, and others less known; which add greatly to the beauty of the district, and provide an inexhaustible supply of picturesque localities for pic-nic parties, and for wandering pedestrians. Looking northward, the outlook is strangely changed. The sub-rock is now a series of glacial and post-glacial deposits, chiefly of loose, unconsolidated sands and gravels; the mountains sink down abruptly into a low, fertile plain, through which the Sulby River sluggishly finds its way to the sea; and, beyond this low plain, the country rises, in a series of sandhills brown of hue and warm of colouring.
ELFIN GLEN, immediately behind Ramsey, i an ideal spot for a pic-nic party. Six wiles west of Ramsey, and about the centre of the northern face of the mountains, is SULBY GLEN-the " Manx Switzerland"; and two miles further still is BALLAUGH GLEN (or Ravensdale), both magnificent examples of Manx highland valleys. On account of their distance from the town, they are best reached by rail or by car.
THE FISHERMAN can find plenty of capital port in the Sulby River, the finest stream for fish in the Island.
The roads in the north are especially good and suitable for CYCLING. A rider may select many routes without, hills, and he can ride for miles upon fine, level, well-kept roads.
Ramsey is the favourite centre for the antiquary and the archeologist, for although the town shows no marks of its antiquity, the surrounding districts are fairly representative of its remote history. THE ANTIQUITIES still extant testify to such an abundance of pre-historic structures, etc., as to have justified the statement that " nowhere, in so limited an area, are there so many monuments of an unknown past."
THE MANX NORTHERN RAILWAY offers tourists every facility for visiting most of the places of interest in the north of the Island. From Ramsey station, there are ten trains daily during the summer, which enable tourists to visit Sulby Glen, Glen Willyn, Peel, St. John's (for Glen Helen and Glen Maye) ; and passengers are allowed to break their journey at any station en route.
The popularity of Ramsey is growing rapidly. The number of visitors to it during the summer approaches 20,000, and they are all of an excellent class.
From the foregoing brief sketch it will be seen that there is plenty, in Ramsey and the immediate neighbourhood, to interest, amuse, and occupy the visitor. Of accommodation there is no lack ; the climate is remarkably uniform ; the boating, bathing and fishing are of the best; the class of visitors who patronise Ramsey is quiet and select; there are many beautiful walks and drives to be had ; and, altogether, it may be said, without exaggeration, that Ramsey is an ideal place for the tired worker and the family man to find rest, quietness, and health.
Prospective visitors are invited to address inquiries for any further information required with regard to the advantages of Ramsey as a health and holiday resort to the Chairman, Town Commissioners, , Ramsey.
In earlier times, Peel was a place of much greater importance than it is now, on account of the situation and character of its harbour, opposite the Irish coast, where there were many powerful Norse settlements, and in the direct track taken by the Sea, Kings in their raiding, excursions. It was, accordingly, carefully fortified from at least the period of the conquest of the Island in the ninth century; and these fortifications, improved as the military art developed, survive in the grand old ruins on St. Patrick's isle.
Peel is connected with Douglas and with the rest of the Island by the excellent railway system. Frequently, late evening trains m the season enable the visitor to enjoy the evening gaieties of Douglas, and then return to Peel.
The venerable ruins on Peel Islet consist of a huge burial mound, probably of the later Stone Age, known as The Giant's Grave; of a roofless Round Tower, somewhat similar to those found in Ireland, possibly of the Pre-Christian Age.; of the ruins of St. Patrick's Church, which unquestionably dates from the earliest times of Insular Christianity, and is one of the oldest Christian churches in the kingdom; of the Cathedral of St. German, which, in the existing building, belongs mainly to the first half of the 13th century; and of the Royal Castle, which is of different periods, the embattled wall having been built by Thomas, Earl of Derby, in 1500.
Peel Castle is not a " castle " in the ordinary meaning of the term, but a "fenced place "-a rocky islet, about five acres in extent, formerly separated from the, mainland by a channel of the sea, sixty yards across, but now connected with it by an extension of the South Quay of Peel Harbour, and surrounded by an embattled wall, four feet thick, flanked at intervals by towers. Within this " fenced position," the military buildings comprised accommodation for a strong garrison, with necessary magazines and armouries, together with a suitable residence for the king, or lord, or for his representative, " The Lieutenant," and quarters for his personal attendants. These latter buildings have mostly disappeared, either by the ravages of time, or by the still more ruthless hand of man; and the only portion of this fortified residence which now remains in anything like its ancient condition is that part of the Castle buildings in former times assigned to the soldiers on duty. These remains occupy the south-eastern part of the enclosed area, and are entered by a narrow, footworn gateway in the great square tower.
Adjoining the Castle, and occupying the eastern side of the islet facing the harbour and the town of Peel, is the ruined Cathedral of St. German. It is greatly wasted by time and ill-usage, and was fast falling into ruinous decay when its preservation was undertaken by the Insular Government. The present structure, which stands upon the site of an older building, in which John, Bishop of Man, was buried in 1151, was rebuilt in the middle of the 13th century, by Bishop Simon, who was interred in the chancel. His remains were found during the restoration, in 1871. The building is cruciform in shape, 110 feet long, and 70 feet broad, with a square tower, at the intersection of the two portions of the edifice, 68 feet in height, the belfry being 15 feet higher still. The embattlemented character of the central tower presents a curious combination of the military and the ecclesiastical in the same building. The fine chancel window forms a conspicuous object in every view of the ruin. Beneath the chancel is the crypt, 30 feet by 16 feet. It is barrel-vaulted, the diagonal ribs springing from low pillars on either side. It is lighted by a small aperture in the wall below the chancel window. It was used as a prison for state offenders during the early reign of the Stanleys. Thomas, Earl of Warwick, was imprisoned in it in 1397, and the more famous Eleanor, Duchess of Gloster, in 1446; and later it was used as an ecclesiastical prison, until 1780. This sea-girt rock, with its assemblage of venerable ruins, is one of the most interesting spots in the world. Nowhere else can there be found in the same space so many priceless antiquarian treasures, or so many historical associations.
The best and most characteristic view of Peel is from the sea-the little old town nestling under the shadow of the sheltering cliffs; the great headlands of Peel Hill, with the Castle Rock at its foot, and the dark red rocks of Creg Malin shutting it in on either hand; the long rocky coastline stretching away to the distant horizon, and rising, beyond Peel Hill, into huge mountainous cliffs, "green hills by the sea," whose summits, even in the bright summer days, are not infrequently shrouded in light fleecy mists; the blue sea shimmering in the sunlight, and, beyond, the quaint littler town and its sheltering cliffs, the green uplands, and the dark-topped mountains of the interior. The town, as thus seen, is as fair a scene as the imagination can conceive, and many an artist has attempted to reproduce it. The view from Peel Hill is very fine.
Peed is admirably fitted to be a Holiday Resort of the quieter and more artistic sort. Its narrow, winding streets, and ancient architecture, are a constant delight to the visitors. Within easy reach of Douglas, the point of entry of nine-tenths of the visitors to the Island; and placed in the centre of a district of the most varied and interesting character, it is an ideal resting-place for the toil-worn worker from the hurrying outer world; while its attractive scenery and the number and diversity of the objects of interest to be found within its borders, make it equally ;attractive to the wandering artist in search of subjects and to the aesthetic lover of the beautiful in nature. Its western aspect, too, its sheltered situation and genial climate, and the excellence of the accommodation it provides for its visitors, have given it a, well-deserved and growing reputation as a Health Resort. For some years past Peel has laid itself out as a, watering-place, and with such success that it easily holds its position as a Holiday Resort o~ a quiet and select character. Its ornamental promenade and silvery beach are a favourite lounging-place for adults, and playground for the children.
Special attention has also been given by the municipal authorities to the sanitary arrangements of the town; whilst the water supply, taken from the hills, is of the purest quality, and abundant in quantity, and on this point the following gratifying testimony by the Public Analyst of the Island, received by the Chairman of the Town Commissioners, is worth quoting:
Public Analyst's Office,
Douglas, Isle of Man,
29th December, 1903.
Dear Sir,-I feel I must compliment you on the excellence of the water supplied to Peel. It is a first class water, and second to none on the Island.
T. J. KILLARD LEAYEY,
The coast line on both sides of Peel Bay is singularly wild and interesting. CREG MALIN, the huge headland to the north of the bay, is an outlying fragment of the Old Red Sandstone, as interesting from its geological associations as it is picturesque in appearance. It, and the district to the north, are largely introduced by Hall Caine into his wild story of " The Deemster." The coast beyond the head is very rugged, and broken into a number of pretty little creeks, famous as bathing places and noted for the beautifully mottled agates (locally called " Manx pebbles ") found on their strands.
The walk along the cliffs is delightful. Along the south of the bay, the walk along the coast from
Peel Hill to GLENMAYE is equally attractive. The views, north and south, are wild and romantic. Inland, there is ST. JOHN'S with the TYNWALD HILL and the pretty Church of St. John, and
the precipitous SLIEU WHALLIN, with its gruesome stories of witches and wizards. Skirting the base of Slieu Whallin, we pass ST. PATRICK'S PARISH CHURCH-to provide the material for which the "saintly Bishop Wilson," in the beginning of the last century, despoiled his cathedral on Peel Islet-and, after a charming drive, reach the romantic GLENMAYE, with its lovely waterfall and its rock scenery. Above the fall is GLEN RUSHEN, pushing its way right up into the mountains.
This glen is reputed to be the last home of the fabled sprite, the "Phynnoderee." The return may be made over BARRULE by way of FOXDALE. North from St. John's is GLEN HELEN, with the picturesque falls of Rhenass.
For those who delight in MOUNTAIN RAMBLES, and wish to gain renewed health and vigour from the free mountain air, the whole land, from the coast-line to the high peaks of the central chain, is before them; and a more interesting or attractive district it is impossible to find within the circuit of the British Isles.
These nine-hole Sporting Links, which are largely patronised by visitors, are situated at The Congery, a short distance from Peel, commanding fine mountain and sea scenery. The length of the course is about 12 miles, with no crossing at any part. They are a perfect natural Links, the hazards being sand bunkers, and the greens are said to compare favourably with many of the first in the kingdom.
The air is exceptionally crisp and bracing, and admirably adapted to produce good golf.
Ample facilities have also been provided at Peel for the game of LAWN TENNIS.
The bay and the surrounding coast present every facility for fishing, for rowing, and for yachting. The town also contains a CRICKET and CYCLING Club, the roads in the west of the Island being especially suitable for the latter exercise. Prominent mention must also be made of the SWIMMING BATH constructed by the late Robert Archer. It is one of the largest open-air, and safest sea, water baths in the kingdom, and occupies a site in the famous TRAIE-FO-GOG CREEK, adjoining Peel shore.
Applications for further information with regard to Peel and District may be addressed to the Chairman, Town Commissioners, Peel.
Castletown, the natural metropolis of the southern division of the Island, derives its name from the grand old fortress which towers in its centre. It stands on the margin of a rich agricultural district, and occupies the north-western corner of an extensive inlet at the mouth of the river Silverburn. It is only a short railway journey from Douglas.
Castle Rushen, the ancient stronghold of the kings of Man, stands on a rocky eminence on the western bank of the Silverburn. The date of this noble relic of feudal times is not known, no record of its erection having been preserved ; but, though tradition assigns it to a much earlier origin, antiquarians consider that its character shows it to belong to the latter half of the 13th century. The main body of the Castle is a square keep, with massive towers on each of its four sides. The walls of the keep are 12 feet thick at their base, and seven feet thick at their summit. The north, or flag staff tower, is 80 feet high, and the other three are each 70 feet. The ancient gate of the keep was placed about the middle of the south wall, and a lofty portcullis exists on its east side, between the north and south towers. Enclosing this central mass, at a distance of about 15 feet, is an embattled wall, 25 feet high, 9 feet thick, defended by seven square towers placed at irregular intervals. There is a sally-port towards the, harbour, and the appearance of others which opened into the ditch. Out side this wall was the ditch, or moat, now filled up. Beyond the moat is a glacis of irregular form, fortified with three round towers, or redoubts, now in ruins. In the central keep was the residence of the Kings of Man, and, later, of the Governors of the Island ; and, in addition to numerous other rooms, a large banqueting hall and a chapel. Parliamentary assemblies-Tynwald Courts were formerly held in Castle Rushen; and Courts of Justice, presided over by the Governor and the two Deemsters, were held within the Castle gateway, where three stone chairs were placed for their accommodation. Castle Rushen was also a State prison, and in it Bishop Wilson was confined until released by the King, on appeal. The Castle was used as a jail until 1890, when a, new prison was erected near Douglas. The Law Courts for the South are still held within the Castle. The view from the top of the great tower will well repay the labour of climbing the hundred steps which lead to its summit.
Castletown is best seen from the opposite coast of Langness. The buildings of the grey old town, clustering in medieval fashion round the h -age square bulk of the great fortress; the low shelving coast stretching away on either hand, with the dark head of SCARLETT STACK ending the line on one side, and the long low peninsula, of LANGNESS on the other; the lake-like waters of the bay glittering in the foreground; and, beyond, the richly cultivated lowlands, gradually rising to meet the green hills and the dark peaked heads of SOUTHI BARRULE, and CRONK-NY-IREYLHAA. The town is full of historic interest, and was formerly the residence of the Governors of the Island. The Castle contained the Rolls Office and the Court House. In a building now occupied by Parr's Bank, in what is called Parliament Square, were held the meetings of the House of Keys, a branch of the Legislature of the Island, Castletown being the seat of the Manx Government. It is owing to the fact of its former importance that Castletown has lived on its prestige, claiming the dignity and distinction of an aristocratic town. Gradually, however, it is adapting itself to new conditions as a visitors' resort.
The Isle of Man has so, many features of interest that There are, in different localities, attractions for different classes of people. Douglas, with its facilities for pleasure and amusement, attracts the larger crowds. Ramsey and Port Erin, because of their natural beauty, coupled with their facilities for boating and bathing, offer inducements to another class; while in Peel and Castletown there is added to these the charm of historic interest and of restful quietude. The old Castles, with their antique associations, link the romance of history with. the attractions of modern life. In such communities there is the element of quiet, so delightful to the inhabitants from the busy towns. People of that class could not do better than go to Castletown. They will find it beautifully clean, while the trees which have been planted on the road leading from the Railway Station, and on the Market Square, which is the finest on the Island, give to the place a freshness and beauty which make it specially attractive. The construction of the new Promenade; the erection of modern Boarding houses, with every facility for visitors; and the long stretch of sand, which, of late years, has been gradually accumulating-all these, have, to a large extent, changed the aspect of Castletown; and it is not hard to foresee that, with its delightful Southern aspect, making it one of the most healthy places in the kingdom, coupled with its splendid Golf Links and other facilities for recreation, it is destined to be one of the most attractive of Manx watering-places. Its accommodation is good, its tariff moderate, and its surroundings should make it a favourite resting-place for the better class of tourists.
Castletown Golf Links are most charmingly situated on the isthmus between Castletown and Derbyhaven bay. The course is situate near Derbyhaven, and about one mile from Castletown Railway Station, and almost adjoining King William's College cricket ground. There are 18 holes, and the course is about three miles in extent. The hazards consist of sand bunkers, sea shore, and gorse bushes. The turf is exceptionally good, and, even after torrents of rain, is dry almost immediately. Visitors may have short term tickets by applying to the hon. secretary, Mr. T. M. Dodd, who will be glad to give any information. The Links are within half-an-hour by rail from Port Erin and Port St. Mary, and an hour from Douglas. SEA FISHING, BATHING, and BOATING may be enjoyed, in addition to Golf.
The scenery about Castletown, while not so majestic and imposing as the hills and mountains rising further west, has abundant compensation for the lofty and sublime. No one can wander over the magnificent Golf Links, where, it is said, the DERBY RACES were held, or by the shore of the beautiful creek of DERBYHAVEN, or on the promontory of LA\TGNESS, with its grassy hills and slopes, or rugged rocks, rising far into the sea, affording facilities for CLIMBING, FISHING, or CRAB-HUNTING, without finding all that is necessary for a romantic and enjoyable holiday. About a mile to the west is SCARLETT, which affords very fine marine scenery. To a visitor from an inland town nothing could be more delightful than to wander over the burnt-like rocks, rising and falling in endless variety of form, thrown up with the spontaniety of nature, with cove and creek, or points of rock jutting into the sea. There is CROMWELL'S WALK, with the rocky armchair and writing desk, and the fine old STACK OF SCARLETT, rising out of the deep, none the worse because it has been beaten by the storms of centuries. At one end of Scarlett are the limestone quarries, and, to the west, the curious POOLVA SH marble quarries, from which the steps of 'St. Paul's Cathedral, London, were taken. Here the GEOLOGIST will find, in the abundance of its fossils and the peculiar formation of its rocks, a field of study which will amply repay the most careful observation. A delightful ramble is through the CLADDAGH, by the SILVERBURN river, alone; its banks, rich with golden gorse, and what affords pleasant ramblage is a walk leading to BALLASALLA, the old Abbey, and Silverburn Glen, one of the most beautiful spots on the Island. Its supply of water, for purity and abundance, call hardly be surpassed. On one side of the river is the POULSOM PARK, which has been beautifully planted, and which was presented to Castletown by Mrs. Poulsom, of Bootle, and, adjoining the Railway Station, it is admirably adapted for recreation.
A walk along the new Promenade, and along the highroad leading to Derbyhaven, brings us to a large imposing, building in the mixed Early English and Elizabethan character. This is King William's College. The, origin of this institution may be traced to the great Earl of Derby, who, in a letter to his son, written in 1643, says:-" I had a design, and God may enable me, to set up an University without much charge (as I have conceived it), which may much oblige the nations round about us. It may get friends into the country, and enrich this land. This would certainly please God and man." The, College is situated near the sea, at a distance of about a mile from Castletown, and close to, Hango Hill, the place where the unfortunate William Christian was executed-an event which will be familiar to every reader of Sir Walter Scott's "Peveril of the Peak." The school buildings comprise numerous class-rooms, chapel, library, sanatorium, gymnasium, carpenter's workshop, fives courts, steam laundry, and a large covered sea-water swimming bath (warmed in winter). A new wing has been added to the main building, containing, besides ordinary classrooms, chemical and physical lecture-rooms and laboratories, fully equipped in accordance with modern requirements.
A considerable number of persons reside in Castletown and the neighbourhood, in order to avail themselves of the educational advantages provided by the College. The governing body consists of the Lieutenant-Governor of the Island, the Attorney-General, the First Deemster, the Clerk of the Rolls, the Bishop, and the Archdeacon.
There is also an excellent High School for Girls, of which Miss E. G. Patterson, B.A., Victoria, University, is Head Mistress, supported by a competent staff of teachers. The Chairman of the Council is Sir James Gell, his Majesty's Clerk of the Rolls. The Principal of King William's College and Mrs Kempson take great interest in the management of the school.
The Chairman of the Town Commissioners, Castletown, will be pleased to answer inquiries from intending visitors with retard to Castletown and District,
Port St. Mary obtains its name from an ancient chapel dedicated to St. Mary the Virgin, which formerly stood upon the cliffs overlooking the bay, almost upon the exact site of the present Municipal Buildings. This chapel has long since disappeared; but it has left its traces behind it, not only in the name of the place, for the beautiful little bay below the new Promenade is known as "Chapel Bay" ; and the plentiful spring of the purest water in the district, which gushes out at the foot of the "Chapel Cliff," is "Our Lady's Well." The broad, flat ledge of rook, which once served the fishermen as a landing place, is " Our Lady's Rock." And so on-the whole locality is full of memories of that far-off time when the people were religious and the Church was a power.
Port St. Mary possesses a small tidal harbour, with a landing pier 250 yards long, built of the local limestone; and an outer harbour of large size, accessible at all states of the tide, formed by the construction of the Alfred Pier, so called after the late Duke of Edinburgh, who laid the foundation stone of it, in 1882. This great work is 1,200 feet long, and cost the Insular Government £40,000.
As a Holiday Resort, Port St. Mary possesses special advantages, which are rapidly making it a popular seaside resort of the quieter kind. It lies on the sheltered side of the Mull Hills; it has a south and south-east aspect ; its bathing facilities are peculiarly favourable for invalids and delicate people; while, for robuster bathers, there are numerous quiet creeks and sandy coves, where a free and untrammelled " dip " and swim can be obtained.
Port St. Mary is possessed of the right of local self-government; and its affairs are administered by a Board of Commissioners, which has already made several much-needed improvements, and which is, at the present moment, engaged upon others. It has carried through an admirable _drainage scheme.
A limited liability Company has erected a commodious block of buildings for the Municipality; which, in addition to reading and amusement rooms, Committee rooms, and other conveniences, contain an Assembly Room capable of holding 700 people. In this handsome, room concerts and other social entertainments, in which visitors to the Port frequently take an active part, are held during the season.
It has also completed a fine Promenade round the head of Chapel Bay, upon which visitors may quietly stroll, or sit and watch the bathers. The Commissioners have further secured, by deed of gift from the late G. D. L. Cary, Esq., for the use of visitors to the Port, the right of ramblage over a large tract of moorland lying between the eastern end of the new Promenade and Mount Gawne Bay-a privilege which will be highly appreciated, from the convenience of the locality and the beauty of its outlook.
For the reception of visitors to the Port, all the different kinds of accommodation asked for have been extensively provided; and as the demand is steadily growing, owing to the increased popularity of the locality, each year sees existing accommodation largely added to. A noble crescent of large "Company Houses," rivalling in appearance and size the famous boarding houses on the Loch Promenade, Douglas, has been built upon the picturesque brows above "Chapel Bay" ; and numerous smaller houses, suitable for season letting and other purposes, have been built in other parts of the town. The accommodation thus provided is ample in amount, and unexceptional in quality and price. In other directions, again, Port St. Mary is rapidly acquiring all the conveniences and comforts of a modern town. It has gas laid down throughout. It has an abundant supply of the purest water, brought to the place by a local company. Its High Street is lines with modern plate-glass windowed shops, stocked with goods of the latest styles and the best qualities, in which any article requires, from a medicine to a book or a daily paper, from a loaf of bread or a joint of meat to a fashionable coat or a hat, can be obtained at standard prices. Nor is it less well provided with Church and Chapel accommodation. It has even a local School of Art, establishes under the patronage of the Lieut.-Governor, as a nucleus of an Insular School for the teaching of Landscape Painting.
Of AMUSEMENTS and HOLIDAY OCCUPATIONS there is no lack for Visitors to Port St. Mary. It possesses well laid out TENNIS COURTS, and has also GOLF LINKS, consisting of a good sporting nine hole course, covering about 51 acres, lais out by Mr. W. Fernie (Penarth), on the high land immediately behind the town, from which magnificent views of the surrounding country and coast are obtained. Visitors may use the Links on moderate terms_ Full information can be obtained from the Hon. Sec., Mr W. G. Dean, Isle of Man Banking Company, Port St. Mary. BATHING, equal to any in the Island, is to be bas in Chapel Bay; while open sea bathing may be had at numerous points along the neighbouring coasts. FISHING, with the certainty of a good haul, can be has in any part of the bay, or of the adjoining sea. BOATING EXCURSIONS to the many points of interest in the adjoining coasts can be made any day in the season:-to the Mermaid's Grotto, the Sugar Loaf, and the Chasms; to Spanish Head and The Calf, to Kitterland Sound and the Western Coast; or to Pooil Vaish and The Carrick Rock, to Scarlett Point and Langness. For LAND TRIPS, walking or otherwise, the objects of interest-scientific, historical, and picturesque are so numerous in the Island that it is practically impossible to exhaust them in a single visit. There are the Mull Hills, with the Chasms and Spanish Head; Cregneash and its unique Stone Circle, and the remains of aboriginal fortified villages; Bradda Moar, with Cronk-na Moar, or Fairy Hill, a pre-historic fort; Fleshwick, with its fine sea caves and mountainous cliffs, 1,500 feet high; Ballasalla, with its richly-wooded valley of the Silverburn, the ruins of Rushen Abbey, and the Monk's Bridge. And so we might go on, filling the space allotted to us with the baldest enumeration of the localities in this district which have objects of interest to show the visitor from beyond the sea. We may sum up the case by saying there are few holiday resorts, seaside or otherwise, which can offer advantages and interests such as Port St. Mary has for its summer visitors.
As a HEALTH and WINTER RESORT, Port St. Mary is an ideal locality. With its sheltered situation, its southern aspect, its mild and equable winter climate, it has unique advantages as a Winter Resort. Its exceptionally low Winter Tariff offers another inducement, by bringing a winter residence in it within the reach of those who are unable to afford the cost of a winter journey to one of the expensive resorts on the Riviera, or even the S.W. of England.
General inquiries with regard to Port St. Mary and District may be addressed to the Chairman. Commissioners, Port St. Mary.
Port Erin occupies the upper end of a beautiful little inlet, shut in between the Mull Hills on the, south, and the Bradda Hills on the north. It was sought, some years ago, by the Imperial Government, to convert this sheltered bay into a national harbour of refuge, and a sum of about £80,000, part English money and part Manx, was spent in making a huge breakwater across its entrance, with a deep-water landing pier inside it. But, no provision was made for the maintenance of the work. It was damaged in a, great storm, and is now almost completely destroyed. Port Erin, originally a small fishing village, is a prosperous and growing watering-place; a large number of handsome houses, together with several first-rate. hotels, having been built to receive the increasing number of visitors. The surrounding district is unusually interesting. To the south are the MULL HILLS, and on the north are the western highlands, with CRONK-NY-IREE-LHAA (1,450ft.), and SOUTH BARRULE (1,585ft.), and the mountainous western coast; while inland, the great SOUTHERN PLAIN, with its pleasant walks, and the sweet woodland glens opening on to it from the hill country. The rambles on the mountains to the north, and the views obtainable from them, the fresh invigorating mountain air, and the fragrant smell of the heather-clad uplands, make this an ideal resting-place for the weary denison of the busy town. The sailing, the boating, and fishing off Port Erin are among its greatest advantages.
AS A HOLIDAY RESORT of the quieter kind-a place where a busy man may take his family and rest himself, body and mind, amid beautiful and diversified scenery, with occupation of an interesting kind when inclined to exertion, and perfect quietude when that is most desirable-Port Erin is rapidly taking a foremost position among British watering-places. Nor is this a matter of surprise when its comparative attractions and advantages are fairly considered.
Situated at the head of a deep inlet of the south-west coast of the Isle of Man, and sheltered by high land on all sides, except the sunny south and the mild south-west, its aspect is warm. and genial, and its outlook singularly attractive. Its sub-soil, a most important point in the claims of a seaside resort, is a dry sand, resting upon loose gravel, with sufficient outward slope to ensure that thorough drainage which is so essential to the success of a holiday or health resort. These natural advantages, of soil, of position., and of aspect, have been carefully utilised in the arrangement and construction of the houses built for the reception of visitors.. They have been planned upon the most modern lines, and fitted with every modern requirement and convenience; they have been placed in the most sheltered spots, and where they will command the most attractive views of the surrounding scenery ; their drainage is as perfect as modern science can make it; and in position, in healthiness, and in general attractiveness, Port Erin will bear more than favourable comparison with the first watering-places in the kingdom.
On the north are the BRADDA HILLS with the giant headland (550 feet), crowned with the memorial tower erected to the memory of the late William Milner, at the northern point of the bay. These hills are rich in lead and copper ores, and the sides of the Head are deeply scored with the marks of mining left behind by a long series of workers, from the days of the Stone Men downward. Further to the north, but barely a, mile from Port Erin Promenade, is FLESIIZVICK-a deep cleft in a mountainous coast, with the cliffs rising above the narrow beach and glen to the height of 800 feet on the south, and of 1,500 feet on the north, where the mountains of the central range form the coast-line, and descend in one sheer sweep from their misty summits to the sea. North and east of this magnificent coast are the highlands of the south-ENNYN MOAR, CRONK-NY-IREY-LHAA, SOUTH BARRULE, with their rocky slopes, and the deep glens which lie hidden amid their recesses -a romantic country, almost unknown to the outer world, in which still linger traces of the ancient Manx language and the quaint legends of elf and fairy which have died out in the districts more frequented by unbelieving strangers.
In the low, undulating plain to the east, which separate., these two highland districts, there are many places and objects of interest, and beauty:-The picturesque village of BRADDA, nestling under the shadow of the steep Bradda Hills; Bradda Moar, with its Neolithic remains; the fortified burial mound known as FAIRY HILL; the watering place of PORT ST. MARY at the north-east foot of the MULL HILLS; and, further away, COLBY, with its glen and its lead mines; and Ballasalla, with its ruined Abbey, and the old MONK'S BRIDGE; and CASTLETOWN, with its noble old Castle; and DERBYHAVEN, with its fort and its golf links. These are all within easy reach by foot, rail, or car; and they offer to the visitors to Port Erin all the elements of many a pleasant excursion. Port Erin and its immediate neighbourhood are under the control of a municipal authority, whose main efforts have been wisely directed to ensuring the health and comfort of visitors to this favoured . esort ; and so successful have they been that Port Erin is now one of the best drained and healthiest summer resorts in the kingdom. Its sanitary arrangements are complete. Its death-rate is barely seven per 1,000. Its water supply is abundant, and of the purest quality. Its sea-bathing, from vans on the shore, or in one of the secluded creeks on the north of the bay, is unsurpassed. Its sea fishing is excellent, few places being so well placed for both coast and deep-sea fishing. This fact is shown conclusively by the Liverpool Marine Biological Committee having selected it as their Biological Station,.
GOLF LINKS.-These nine hole sporting Links are pleasantly-situated within o few minutes' walk of the Port Erin Railway. The links have become so popular that it has been found necessary to extend them to eighteen holes. 'The course has been laid out by Mr William Fernie, Penarth, and is now over three miles long, and is of a very sporting character. An excellent Tennis Court and Ladies' Pavilion have been added. Visitors may use the links upon the following terms: -
Two Months' Ticket ......... 10s. 6d. Weekly Ticket ............... 5s. 0d.
Monthly Ticket ............... 7s. 6d. Daily Ticket .................. 1s. 0d.
W. L. CORLET'T, Secretary.
A recently added attraction to Port Erin is th TRAIE MEANAGH OPEN-AIR BATH-the largest sea-water swimming bath in the British Isles. MIXED BATHING is here permitted, and the whole of the arrangements in connection with the Baths are thoroughly up-to-date.
AS A HEALTH RESORT, especially in case of chest and throat diseases, the peculiar advantages of Port Erin are fast becoming known to the medical profession; and patients suffering from these disorders are being sent to it by specialists in their treatment.
Altogether, there are few resorts in Europe, and certainly none in England, which can offer so many and so varied attractions as Port Erin; and when to these we add its accessibility and its very moderate tariff of charges, we think that thi favoured locality is more than justified in claiming for itself the name of " The Cannes of the Isle of Man."
A descriptive pamphlet of Port Erin and Neighbourhood will be forwarded, post free,- together with any other information required, on application to the Clerk to the Advertisina C'ommitee, Port Erin.
The Village and Valley of Laxey, with their wealth of natural beauties, offer exceptional attractions to visitors. It lies midway between DOUGLAS and RAMSEY, and is connected with both towns by electric cars running at intervals of a few minutes. Visitors staying in Laxey have, in this way, the advantages of country residence, and of being, at the same tone, within easy reach of the two chief towns in the Island, and the various points of interest in their respective localities.
The valley of Laxey, and the glens that enter into it, have every charm of rural beauty-woods, crags, and grassy hillsides, country lanes, and field paths, the roamage of the headlands and of the shore. There are many charming waterfalls in the gorges of its unsullied streams, with plenty of trout to reward the skill of the angler.
Places of special interest in the valley are the LAXEY GLEN GARDENS, with their shady bowers, croquet and tennis grounds, bowling greens and alleys, and their lake for boating, fed by the Glen Roy river; and the famous LAXEY WATER WHEEL, one of the sights of the Island.
In the vicinity are GLEN ROY, GARWICK GLEN AND BAY, and the DHOON GLEN AND FALLS.
Laxey is the starting point for the ascent of SNAEFELL, "the Monarch of Manx Mountains." The MOUNTAIN ELECTRIC RAILWAY passes up the noble canon of the Great Laxey Valley to the "divide" of the Island, and then ascends spirally round the mountain to the plateau near the summit. The Island and the surrounding sea sweep into view in a succession of panorama in the ascent, and from the summit can be seen the coasts and mountains of England, Scotland, Ireland, and Wales.
LAXEY BEACH is a lovely strand and a, perfect bathing ground; the bay is a good fishing ground, for which boats, tackle, etc., can be hired on the spot. For boating excursions this coast is particularly safe.
A number of well-appointed lodging and boardinghouses have recently been erected. Comfortable cottage lodgings and furnished cottages are also obtainable, so that visitors have ample choice in the matter of accommodation and cost.
The postal arrangements provide three deliveries of letter daily. There are places of worship of various denominations; two reading, rooms, with leading daily and other newspapers; and first-class shops, which supply all the requirements of life. Laxey has also a fully-qualified resident medical practitioner.
ANY OTHER INFORMATION may be had on application to Mr. T. K. GARRETT, Isle of Man Banking- Company's Office, Laxey, Isle of Man.
Hitherto we have given descriptions of the chief centres of population only, and of their surroundings, with occasional references to the country districts. But this brochure would be by no means complete without a mores extended reference to the many districts in the Island, each possessing its own peculiar charms, and which, although " far from the madding crowd," are, thanks to good highways and to railways-steam and electric-so easily accessible as to be in scarcely any case more than an hour or so's journey from any of the centres of population. Comfortable accommodation at most reasonable rates is now obtainable in most of the country district-, of the Island, and A LIST OF THE HOTELS, BOARDING AND LODGING, AND FARM HOUSES WHICH LAY THEMSELVES OUT TO CATER FOR VISITORS WILL BE FOUND AT A LATER STAGE IN THIS BOOK. We will briefly indicate some of these country places, and the means whereby they may be the more easily reached : -
ANDREAS and BRIDE.-Charming level, well-cultivated district, very suitable for cycling. Close to Ramsey.-Access by Mans Northern Railway to Sulby Bridge, or Ramsey, or electric railway to Ramsey ; and thence by car.
BALLASALLA.-Contains ruins of Rushen Abbey and Manx antiquities. Beautiful hill and dale district. Eight miles from Douglas-two from Castletown.-Access by Isle of Man Railway to Ballasalla station.
BALLABEG.-Situated in the picturesque district between Castletown and Port Erin.-Access by Isle of Man Railway to Ballabeg station.
BALLAUGH.-Beautiful district, on sea coast, wild mountainous background. Seven miles from Ramsey, 16 from Douglas.-Access by Manx Northern Railway to Ballaugh station. BRADDAN (including UNION MILLS).-A beautiful locality, close to Douglas, and full of antiquarian interest.-Access by road or by Isle o Man Railway to Union Mills station. COLBY.-Picturesque district between Castletown and Port Erin.-Access by Isle of Man Railway to Colby station.
CROSBY.-In the parish of Marown, embosemed in the mountain districts. Only five miles from Douglas.-Access by Isle of Man Railway to Crosby station.
DERBYHAVEN.-An old-time fishing village situated about equal distance from Castletown or Ballasalla stations on the Isle of Man Railway. Interesting historical associations. The hotel and lodging-house accommodation in the district follows the Castletown list.
FORDALE.-Situated inland, about two and a half miles from St. .John's. Bracing locality, Feature of interest: the renowned Foxdale lead and silver mines.-Access by rail to Foxdale station,
GARWICK.-A pretty district near the sea coast, on the Manx Electric Railway. Five miles from Douglas; 2½ miles from Laxey. Features of interest: Garwick Glen and Beach, and Smugglers' Caves. See end of Laxey section for particulars of accommodation.
GLEN MAYE.-One of the most picturesque hamlets in the island. Close to seashore, and with huge mountainous background. Famous waterfall.-Access by Isle of Man Railway to St. John's thence by car.
JURBY.-A charming part of the Island, situated away to the west, remote, quiet. A charming spot for a retired sojourn.-Access by car from Ramsey, Sulby, or Ballaugh stations, on the Manx Northern Railway.
MAUGHOLD.-This parish is situated close to Ramsey, and is a picturesque locality, famed for its antiquarian remains.-Access: A short walk from Ramsey, or by electric railway from Douglas. MICHAEL.-So mild and equable is the climate at Kirk Michael that it has been designated the "Riviera of Manxland." In the churchyard the "Saintly Bishop Wilson" was interred. Situated between Peel and Ramsey. Access by the Manx Northern Railway to Michael station.
ONCHAN.-So close to Douglas as to practically form a portion of the town. Beautifully situated on the Northern Headland of Douglas Bay, it is becoming a favourite resort for visitors. Access: It is only a short walk from the northern terminus of the Douglas Shore Tramway, and a considerable portion of the district is convenient to he Manx Electric Railway.
PATRICK and DALBY.-This is one of the most picturesque parts of the Island-a bold rocky sea coast, rising up into high mountain lands, broken into beautiful glens. One of the most beautiful of these is Glen Maye, with its famous waterfall.-Access: From St. John's station and Peel by car.
PORT SODERICK.-This lovely spot is fast becoming one of the most popular places in the Island. It is within four miles of Douglas.-Access: By Isle of Man Railway to Port Soderick station; or by the Southern Electric Tramway from Douglas Head.
SANTON-Situated on the sea-coast between Douglas and Castletown, and contains many curious antiquities, amongst which is Cronk-na-Marroo (the Hill of the Dead).-Access by the Isle of Man Railway to Port Soderick station or to Santon station.
ST. JOHN'S.-Embosomed in the Central Valley which runs through the Island from Douglas to Peel, with the Foxdale Hills, Slieu Whallin Mountain, and ether highlands close to. Only about 2½ miles from Peel, and within two miles from the beautiful Glen Helen and Rhenass Falls. The principal feature of interest in this district is TYNWALD HILL, from which, for centuries past, the Manx laws have been promulgated.-Access by Isle of Man Railway to St. John's station, from either Peel, Douglas, or Ramsey.
SULBY.-Situated in the parish of Lezayre, with one of the largest glens in the Island, and its highest mountain-Snaefell-at its head, this hamlet, and the surrounding district of Lezayre, are regarded as one of the most interesting and picturesque resorts in Manxland. -Access by Manx Northern Railway to Sulby Glen or Sulby Bridge stations.
The Station Masters at the various Country Railway Stations will, when requested, forward a pamphlet containing a list of boarding and lodging and farm houses, and otherwise afford useful information with regard to their respective Districts, upon receipt of stamped address.
NOTE.--THE MANX RAILWAY TIME TABLES-Owing to the Railway Companies not having completed their Season's arrangements when this Handbook went to press, it has not been possible to insert the detailed Summer Time Tables. Full information as to their respective services may, however, be obtained from the Manager, Isle of Man Railway Company, Douglas; Manx Electric Railway Company, Douglas; Manx Northern Railway Company, Ramsey : the of Man Official Information. Offices, 2, Coronation Chambers, Douglas, or 27, Imperial Buildings, Ludgate Circus, London, E.C.
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