[From Manx Quarterly, #12 June 1913]



Died 11th February, 1913.

One of the best known inhabitants of the Parish of Lonan passed away on Tuesday, February 11th, at Noble's Hospital, in the person of Mr John Kewley, farmer. of Ballaragh. The cause of death was blood poisoning, in connection with which Mr Kewley had been undergoing treatment in the Hospital for several weeks. The deceased gentleman was regarded with esteem and affection in the neighbourhood in which he lived. He was a man of sterling character and a devoted Wesleyan Methodist and until laid aside by his last illness was the leading spirit in the affairs of chapel and Sunday-school at Abbey Lands Lonan. For over 50 years he was superintendent of the Sunday-school. With the utmost regularity Mr Kewley had driven to Douglas in his trap on Saturdays for many years with scarcely an interruption, and his familiar figure will be much missed. The funeral place on Friday of last week. A very large number of people attended to show their respect for the deceased man and their sympathy for his relatives.

The relatives in the mourning carriages Mr J. T. Kewley, Mr James Kewley, Mrs Quilleash, Miss T. Kewley, Miss Aggie Kewley, Miss Bessie Kewley, Miss Annie Kewley, Rev J. Kewley, Mrs Burns Mr E. Quilleash, Mr W. Callow, Mr Wm. McCubbin, Mr T. Burns, Mr W. Callow, Mr Wm. Kewley, Mr John Kissack Mr Charles Kissack, Mr Charles Looney, Mr John Looney, Mr A. B. Crookall, Miss L. Callow, Miss J. Kissack, Miss McCubbin, Mr J. L. Kneale, Mr Wm. Caley, Mr and Mrs Kneale, Mr Lace, Miss M. Caley and Miss E. Caley.

Amongst those present were:-Messrs J. E. Douglas, T. H. Cowin, Inspector Corlett, R. G. Fargher, E. Quaggin, J. P. Caine (Port Erin), J. R. Kerruish, H.K., P.E. Cowley, R T. Corlett, J. Cannell, Jas Craine, R. Kewley, J. Clague (Ballacregga), Jas. Kewley, H. Ward, J. J. Cowley, J. Kelly (Baldroma), J. Crosby (Parish Clerk), J. W. Walton, J. Corkill, J. Cowin (Ballaquine), J. Shimmin (Brundel), T. Craine (Baljean), W. Moore (Pinpound), J. Shimmin (Ballacreetch), D. Kneale (Ballalheaney), E. Cowley (Ballacallister), Jas. Killip (Ballamoar), E. Clarke (Ballakilley), W. Cowley (Balla-beg), R. Williamson, J. A. Corteen, Lord Bishop and Mrs Thompson, Mr and Mrs R. Kerruish, H.K., Mrs Tate and son, Rev W. H. Gibson, Mr and Miss Corlett (Ballabog), Mr and Misses Kelly (Ballachrink), Mr and Mrs Clarke (Ballakilley), Mr T. McKneale, junr., Mr L. Maddroll (Ballaquirk), Mr and Miss Joughin (Bibaloo), Mrs Quilleash (Orry Mount), and many others.

The coffin was carried out by four members of Mr Kewley's Methodist Society class-Messrs F. Lowey, J. Corkill, T. Quilleash, and T. Lace-and placed on chairs in the garden in front of the house. The Rev W. J. Hartley gave out the hymn " Jesu, Lover of my Soul," which was sung with great pathos. After prayer by the same rev. gentleman (of whom Mr Kewley thought a great deal, and who constantly attended him in the Hospital), the cortege passed on its mournful way to the Parish Church, where the service was taken part in by Canon Quine, Rev W. H. Gibson, and Rev W. J. Hartley. The hymn, " Rock of Ages cleft for me," was sung with great feeling by the vast number of people present. After the committal service was concluded, Canon Quine said he was sure, every one present would like to hear a word from Bishop Thompson. The Bishop at. once responded to the invitation, and the vast concourse of people will never forget the words of appreciation and comfort and warning uttered by his lordship.

Whilst in the Hospital, large numbers of people from all parts of the Island visited Mr Kewley, thus showing the respect in which he was held. During the last few days of his life, only his own family and a few intimate friends were allowed to see him. He passed quietly away in the presence of his wife and daughter


Died 5th March. 1913.

Mr Theoplilus Hogg, of Onchan, a gentleman well-known and highly respected throughout the Isle of Man, passed away on March 5th. Up to quite recently he was apparently in the enjoyment of good health, and the intelligence of his death came as a great shock to most people who had his acquaintance. Mr Hogg was a Kirk Lonan man, but in early manhood he settled in Douglas and started in commercial life as a dealer in flour and provender, his stores being in Duke-lane. For some time, too, he acted as agent in connection with the propaganda of the Manx Temperance Union-a body which in its day wielded consider-able influence in the Island. He was also the local representative of a number of English shipping concerns, and in other ways carried on an extensive business. On retiring from business, Mr Hogg took up his residence in Onchan, and soon became prominent in the public affairs of the pretty suburban district. He was for several years a member of the Village Commissioners, and continued his membership to his death. His colleagues two or three years ago honoured him by appointing him chairman of the board and in this capacity he ruled firmly yet courteously and considerately. While his business connection with Douglas was maintained, he served on the Board of Guardians and on the School Board with advantage to the public, and ever had the esteem of his fellow members. A life-long Primitive Methodist, Mr Hogg took a deep and active interest in the welfare of that religious body. He was a local preacher and class-leader, and was a trustee of the Loch Parade Church, of which he was one of the founders. Mr Hogg leaves three children. His son is in the employ of the Isle of Man Steam Packet company; one daughter is married to Mr S. A. Quirk, butcher, Esplanade, and his other daughter kept house for her father.


Laxey has lost one of its most promising young men in the death of Mr John Kelly, of Orry's Mount. He passed away on Monday, February 24th, at the early age of 23. Until a few months ago he followed his employment as blacksmith, and was apparently in good health. An affliction of the arm developed, which resulted in a very serious operation at the Royal Infirmary, Liverpool, which he bore with great fortitude. He returned home in good heart, but after some weeks more serious complications set in, which proved fatal. He had done excellent service in connection with the P.M. Church Sunday-school and C.E. Society. In all things he was bright-spirited, and his sunny outlook will long be remembered. His creed was simple, but his faith was so strong that in the throes of terrible affliction he was peaceful and confident. The Rev W. Carr conducted the, service at the house, which was largely attended by his co-workers and friends. The interment took place at Lonan Churchyard on February 26th.


One of the oldest tradesmen of passed away at the age of 77 on Feb.25th in the person of Mr James Corlett, baker, Ridgeway-street. Mr Corlett had for a considerable time prior death been in a very weak condition, and he was for long confined to his bed. Prior to the taking in hand of the first section of the Douglas Improvement Scheme, Mr Corlett carried on business in a shop on the North-quay, and on the premises being acquired by the Municipality in connection with the scheme he removed to Ridgeway-street. He did a large trade, and in particular attained celebrity for his manufacture of ship biscuit, the article turned out from his bakehouse being famed far and wide among mariners. In addition to his Ridgeway-street shop, he had a branch business in Windsor-road. Mr Corlett was of quiet and unassuming disposition, but his friends knew him as a pleasant and considerate companion. He was a widower, and leaves several children, all of whom are adults. The funeral took place yesterday (Friday), and was largely attended.


Died 11th March, 1913.

A most estimable and kindly gentleman passed away on March 11th, in the person of Mr William Daniel Cowin, retired builder, of West View, Douglas. Mr Cowin, who was about sixty years old, was seized with illness last August, and then to the day of his death he was practically confined to the house. Some weeks ago his condition became so serious that all hopes of recovery were abandoned, but quite unexpectedly he rallied, and his many friends were delighted to learn that there was probability of him soon being out and about At the beginning of the present week, however, a relapse occurred, and he rapidly until death came to him. Mr Cowin, who was the eldest surviving son of the late Mr Daniel Cowin, joiner and builder, was born, reared, and educated in Douglas. On leaving school became apprentice to his father, who in his day was a leading builder in the Island. Mr W. D. Cowin gained a thorough knowledge of the building trade in all its branches, and also acquired a most useful acquaintance with architecture. While still a very young man he started business on his own account, and being possessed of considerable foresight and of confidence in the future of Douglas, he became a pioneer in the putting up of buildings in portions of the town which began to be opened out for business and residential purposes, in the 'seventies. He erected several shops in Victoria-street, and also built houses in Princes-street, Buck's-road, Circular-road, and other portions of Douglas. His operations were so successful that while still well under middle age he acquired a competency, and once he had assured himself a comfortable income he wisely retired from business, and spent the remainder of his days in ease. Personally, he was one of the most pleasant of men, for though retiring of disposition, he was kindly and considerate in thought and deed. while his friends ever found him a companion true as steel. Modest almost to a fault, he avoided public life, though he in his quiet way interested himself in public affairs. Had he felt so inclined, he could have been returned a member of local boards and even of the Legislature; but the limelight was distasteful to him, and he ever discouraged suggestions that he should take a prominent part in municipal and national life. He was a deeply religious man, but in his religion, as in other matters, he preferred deeds to words, and thus it was that the liberal support he gave the Wesleyan Methodist Church, of which he was a lifelong adherent, was never flaunted. A true sportsman, he took a warm interest in many forms of athletic exercise. For many years he was the mainstay of the Douglas Cricket Club, and in the palmy days of the Douglas Football Club (Rugby) he was a hard-working and generous member of the committee. An excellent shot and a most capable angler, he had a well-deserved reputation for proficiency in both these forms of sport, and generally speaking he unostentatiously but constantly did his best to foster among the youth of Douglas a desire to unite a sound mind with a sound body. He gave quietly but freely to charitable institutions, and particularly was he a warm supporter of the Isle of Man Hospital, on the committee of which institution he served for some years. Mr Cowin married Miss Craine, daughter of the late Mr Joseph Craine, baker, Douglas, who survives him. He had several brothers and sisters in Douglas, while many families in various parts of the Island to which he was related are plunged into mourning by his death. The funeral took place at Kirk Braddan Cemetery yesterday (Friday) morning, and it was largely attended by the principal people of Douglas. The Revs J. R. Ellis, Wilson Stuaxt, and W. J. Hartley, Wesleyan ministers, conducted the service at the Cemetery Chapel and at the graveside.


Died 7th February, 1913. ,

It is with deep sorrow and regret we have to record the death of another worthy Manx South African-Mr Robert F. Kermeen, of Agneash, Lonan. Mr Kermeen was a miner by occupation, and was recognised on the Witwatersrand Gold Fields as a man of no mean ability. He had been employed for the last seven years in the service of the Con-solidated Main Reef G.M. Company, Maraisburg, and won the confidence of his superiors on the property, where he was a most popular figure. About twelve months ago the first symptoms of that dread scourge of the under-ground workers, Miner's Phthisis, began to assert its baleful influence on his health, and caused Mr Kermeen to relinquish his occupation. He proceeded to Durban, Natal, on a health trip, but this only recuperated him for a shoe, period, and about two months ago Ae was forced to stay at his residence, hardly going anywhere. On February 7th he passed peacefully away, and on the following day was buried in Maraisburg Cemetery.

The funeral was a most impressive one, the procession nearly reaching a quarter of a mile in length. Among those who attended were Mr James Kermeen (brother), Mr W. E. Myle-chraine (cousin), chief mourners ; Messrs T C. Cowin, W. E. Kelly, T. Costain, R. Kennaugh. E. Boreland, T. C. Clague, R. Quayle, E. Cowin, S. Cowin, R. Corkhill, W. Corkill, R. Cain, T. Williamson, W. Quilliam, and pthers. The funeral arrangements were in the hands of the Ancient Order of Druids, of which society Mr Kermeen was a very prominent and energetic member. The members of this Order attended in large numbers, and in conjunction with the minister of the Church of England, conducted a very impressive funeral service. The members of the Fairview Lodge of Free Masons, of which lodge Mr Kermeen was also a member, attended to pay their last respects to a brother of whom they were all proud, and who, by his unfailing generosity and geniality, won the hearts of all who knew him.

A large number of beautiful floral wreaths were laid on his grave, including tributes from the employees of the Con. Main Reef G.M. Com-pany, the Fairview Masonic Lodge, and the A.0. Druids. Mr Kermeen's death is a serious loss to the Manx community on these fields, for he was always present at national functions. Deepest sympathy is extended to his bereaved father, mother, sisters, and brothers, who have lost a loving son and an affectionate brother.

Appended is a poem in memoriam, co by Mr A. 0. Cain, president of the Tr Manx Association


R. F. Kermeen, died February 7th, 19 Maraisburg, South Africa.

When the sun arose in the Eastern skies,
And tinted the trees where Maraisburg lies,
In his lone bed a weary miner sighs,
And peacefully closing his tired eyes,
Passed down the glen

Which leads to that land, wrapped in m
Where the shores are washed by the t' sea,
Where sorrow, and pain, and deep misery.
And hot teared-dimmed eyes never more s
For mortal men.

When the hot sun sank in the golden West
The still form was lowered in its grave to
'Neath the trees, where the song birds their nest,
We gently laid.

They gathered, the sons of the Vikings bold,
The men of " the craft," and the " Druids "
But the tale of their grief cannot be told,
They had lost a brother whose heart was gold,
And strong men wept.

And sobbing, they paused, cheeks with tears wet,
And gazed on the man who had paid the debt;
The whitest whiteman they had ever met.
A man ! whom mothers are proud to beget ;
Oh ! tribute grand.

Farewell ; dear friend ! there on that distant shore
Find peace and joy unmeasured, boundless s:c
White we with low-bowed heads, and heart full sure,
Shall miss thy smiles and kindness all the Good-bye ! Good-bye !

A. O. Cain


We regret to record the death of the Rev Wm. Hunt, M.A., who for some years was a resident of Peel. Mr Hunt married a daughter of the Rev Mr Hemmings, of Albert-terrace, Douglas. He was educated at Trinity College, Dublin, and after a curacy of two or three years at New Ross, Co. Wexford (1879-83), he was promoted to the Rectory of Killyward. Donegal, to which is attached a glebe of 14 acres, and an income of 196 and manse. He was compelled to resign this living owing to acute bronchitis. In Peel he found relief for a time, and after trying London, and Hitchin in Herts., he removed to Los Angeles, California, the land of perpetual summer. Happily, the dry air of the Golden West prolonged his life, but the remedy was applied too late to establish a permanent cure. He passed away on the 21st February, and was interred with Masonic ritual. By his persistent wit, Mr Hunt endeared himself to all who had any love or understanding of Humour, and his demise will arouse many kindly thoughts of the sufferer, and much sympathy for the wife, son, and daughters who survive him, all of whom are well-known in the Isle of Man.


The uncertainty, of life has been strikingly evidenced. Mr George S. Newson, the welt-known tobacconist, of Castle-street, Victoria-street, and the Palace shops, succumbed to an attack of influenza on March 17th. He was a happy participator at the " social " of the Manx Liberal Association, of which he was a member of the executive, on Wednesdav of last week, and was present at a football match on Thursday, which he enjoyed as a spectator, where he caught a chill which resulted in death. Mr Newson was a man who was greatly liked by all who knew him. He was well-read in sociological and general literature, and in his younger days was an ardent Socialist of the Blatchford type, but latterly his sympathies were more with the Liberal doctrines. He was a, great reader, and had a fine library. Mr Newson was a member of the Douglas Board of Guardians, and was on the Finance Committee, and was in turn for the chairmanship. He was only 44 years of age, and was twice married. By his surviving wife (who is a sister of Mr J. Robinson, fruiterer, of Nelson-street). there are left four children. The funeral tools place on Thursday morning, at the Borough Cemetery, and was largely attended by his fellow-townsmen.


Another old resident of Douglas passed away on February 9th at 15 Hutchinson square, Douglas, at the age of 74 years. We allude to Mr William Crellin, who for many years conducted, with his pre-deceased wife, the well-known " Lorne House" boarding establishment in Buck's-road. Mr Crellin was highly respected by a large circle of friends. Up to recently he attended Well-road Wesleyan Church. Of children living, a daughter married Mr E. Herbert Faragher, inspector under the Local Government Board; another, the Rev W. E. Kaneen, a clergyman in Australia; his other daughter, Miss Blanche Crellin, resides in Douglas. His youngest son, Mr Walter Crellin, emigrated to Australia a few years ago; the eldest son, Mr Robert Crellin, resides in Bolton ; Mr John Crellin, the second son, lives in Chorley. The funeral took place on Wednesday morning, and was largely attended, the interment being at Braddan Cemetery.


An old and respected Douglas man passed away on Feb. 13th, in the person of of Mr Edward Mundey, who formerly carried on a general drapery concern in Duke-street. About quarter of a century ago he retired from business, and has since lived quietly at Taubman-terrace. Mr Mundey was one of the oldest Free-masons in the Island, and so far back as 1875 he was Master of his mother lodge, the Athole (1,004).


Died 24th March, 1913.

The great probability is that among the few natives of the Isle of Man whose posthumous celebrity will transcend the fame they gained while in life on earth, John Miller Nicholson will have a foremost place. Mr Nicholson undoubtedly possessed genius of a high order; and his genius was not merely " an infinite capacity for taking pains," but a gift born with him-a gift cultivated so constantly and carefully that it bloomed resplendently in the public gaze, notwithstanding the modest efforts of its posssessor to conceal it from the multitude. As a painter, Mr Nicholson was facile princeps among born Manxmen, and but for his invincible aversion to anything in the nature of popular applause, it is well nigh certain that he would have ranked with the greatest of Victorian artists. In life he sought not laurels; rather did he strive to avoid such renown as is stamped by the loudly proclaimed approval of the fickle crowd, and though he could not " altogether succeed in this endeavour, he managed in large measure to keep out of the limelight which was so distasteful to him. Now that he is dead, his work will speak for itself, and so speaking will ensure for its author that great reputation as an artist which, as a consequence of his own shyness and retiring disposition, he never thoroughly achieved while alive. Mr Nicholson up to last month was a hale man, and the news which spread on Monday of his passing came as a great surprise to his friends. A little over a fortnight ago he had a seizure which prostrated him, and on Sunday his condition grew rapidly worse, little hope of recovery being entertained by his family. The end came early on Monday Mar. 24th, when he peacefully joined the majority. John Miller Nicholson was by birth, education, and rearing a Douglas man, he having been born in Church-street seventy-three years ago. His father was a well-known house painter and decorator, carrying on business in premises on Well-road Hill, Douglas. John Nicholson, after completing his school education, became apprentice to his father while still a very young man and soon after completing his training in conjunction with his brother, the late Mr James Bell Nicholson, took over their father's business and carried it on successfully for many years-indeed, the firm is yet to the front, though since the death of Mr J. B. Nicholson, the management of the concern has been almost entirely undertaken by Mr Frank Nicholson, John Nicholson's only son. As has been said, Mr Nicholson was a born artist, and his innate talent developed while he was an apprentice. He was a natural draughtsman, and unaided study soon rendered him expert in line delineation, while his calling in life afforded him opportunity for appreciating the value of colour. His artistic work was marked by considerable attention to detail, but as he gained experience he became an admirer of the French school of impressionists, and his later pictures were to a large extent based on memory; yet he was always influenced in considerable degree by his early love. He had achieved to some reputation as a painter when his work came under the notice of J Ruskin, and this greatest of authorities upon art was much struck with the merit of the Manx painter. It was probably upon Ruskin's advice that Mr Nicholson proceeded to Italy over thirty years ago and there spent some considerable time in study and in sketching in the land of the renaissance of art. On his return to the Isle of Man he produced a number of pictures Italian in subject, and breathing Italy in their warmth of rich colouring. Some of these were exhibited and were highly eulogised by the critics, with the result that the demand for them so grew as to considerably embarrass the artist whose reserve and shyness increased rather than diminished. With him there was no commercial side to his art, and reluctance to make merchandise of his art effectually barred him from that with which his great talent must otherwise have commanded. Many of his pictures represented scenes on the Grand canal of Venice, and even when he []ed Manx subjects his Venetian memories obtruded themselves deliciously. Douglas harbour was to him a gold mine of inspiration, but his paintings of Douglas harbour subjects were idealised by his soujourn in the city of the Doges-they [] the harbour transported bodily to Italy. Mr Nicholson did not care about exhibiting his work, and though several of his pictures were well hung in the great English art shows, his best work was never afforded by him a chance of coming under public notice. He painted to please himself, and cared nothing at all as to whether the result pleased others or not. A man of even temper in most aspects, he could not tolerate any suggestion which savoured to his mind of prostitution of art, and a few temerarious individuals in Douglas have good reason to know how resentful he could be of advances which he regarded as offensive. Yet was he good-natured in the exercise of his superb talent. Many addresses presented to people more or less deserving of compliment were adorned with exquisite water colour drawings from his pencil, and the remuneration he was content with in respect of these beautiful productions was absurdly inadeqate. By reason of his art alone, these addresses which he designed and executed have appreciated in value enormously, and happy and rich are the fortunate possesors of them. He gave freely, too, of his art in connection with the illustration of books concerning the Isle of Man. Superb initial letters and tail pieces and admirable pen and ink drawings were contributed by him for the production of "The Manx Note Book," under the direction of the late Mr Arthur W. Moore, in the early 'eighties, and these, being finely reproduced, added enormously to the value of the publication. He illustrated, too, Mr Moore's book of Manx Songs, and in other directions gave evidence of his great ability in black and white drawing. As a decorative artist, too, Mr Nicholson shone conspicuously. He designed the decoration of St. Barnabas's and St. Thomas's Churches, and in this connection he worked gratuitously not a penny would he accept for the drawings. While landscape and seascape almost completely absorbed his artistic affections, he, as the fancy seized him, painted the figure and painted it extremely well, the expression he imparted to faces being a revelation in idealisation. Mr Nicholson's artistic temperament found expression, too, in his love of music. Though self-taught, he was extremely well-versed in the science of sweet sounds. While a young man, he and his brother (Mr J. B. Nicholson) were members of a remarkably fine amateur orchestra, among other of the instrumentalists being the late Mr James Cowle, architect and builder, and Mr Abel Lewis, the celebrated photographer. Mr John Nicholson was the flautist of the orchestra, and as a player upon the most mellow of wind instruments he excelled to the end. Long after the orchestra had broken up he was persuaded to take part in a concert in Douglas, when the flute obbligato he supplied in connection with one of the songs afforded both surprise and treat to many of the younger generation, who were up to then unaware of his ability in this direction. All his life a student, Mr Nicholson was a remarkably well-read man. In order that he might enjoy the great French and Italian authors in the original, he in his spare hours acquired the Italian and French languages, and became thoroughly acquainted with them, while he had more than a more smattering of other tongues. Had he chosen to write, he would probably have gained distinction in literature, for the English he spoke was beautiful in its pure and simple diction, and unquestionably he in his attainments fulfilled the definition of a man of culture-he knew " something about everything and everything about something."

In politics he took little interest, and indeed was wont to class politicians among the shams which constituted one of his few dislikes. His hobby was the designing and construction of model yachts. Upon this subject he had very original ideas, and some of these, given expression to well nigh fifty years ago, anticipated in startling fashion the racing yacht of the present time. He took in the old days a boyish delight in sailing his creations, and when well over middle age would work himself up to a pitch of intense excitement in watching a race between two miniature craft. Mr Nicholson's death will be a great loss to the Isle of Man Fine Arts and Industrial Guild. He was a member of the hanging committee and one of the adjudicators in the art section at the Guild's exhibitions for many years, and at each of these functions he was in the habit of showing in the non-competitive classes pictures of remarkable beauty. In disposition he was a kindly and considerate gentleman, ever ready to aid art students with his counsel, while nobody asked a favour of him in vain. Modesty with him was carried to a point which almost constituted a fault-above all things he hated to talk about himself or his work. He had, too, the saving grace of humour, and his intimates know him as a raconteur of parts, excelling as he did in the relation of stories which often enough told against himself. By his death the Island has been deprived of a son of splendid worth and ability; he was indeed a Manxman of whom succeeding generations of Manxmen will grow increasingly proud. Mr Nicholson leaves surviving a widow and two children — Mr Frank Nicholson and Miss Florence Nicholson.

The funeral took place on Thursday morning at the Borough Cemetery, and was in keeping with the dead artist's unassuming and quiet of character. The mourners were Mr Frank Nicholson (son), Mr Charles Nicholson (brother), Mr J. D. Kellett (brother-in-law). Canon Savage, who was for many years one of the artist's closest friends, officiated. The funeral arrangements were under the direction of Mr H. Cowle, Douglas. Many leading citizens were present to pay their respect to their departed townsman,


In the death of John M. Nicholson the Isle of Man is bereft of its greatest artist Early in life John Nicholson devoted self to the study and practice of art ; constant application "and practice became so proficient with his pencil that he could complete a drawing of ships in Douglas harbour within thirty minutes A small water-colour would be produced from the sketch, which would be hung the Grosvenor Gallery, London, and purchased on the opening days of an exhibition at one hundred pounds. He was one of Manxland's most gifted [sons] probably no artist, unless it be Turner has so studiously observed the sea vessels as John Nicholson. He had a passion to know the heart of Nature, difficulties but whetted his ambition conquer them. To study sunrise or breaking day, and their pictorial off[] on sea and land, the artist was on the shore every morning throughout the year before the grey dawn had broken in the East, when the town lay asleep in the pearly mist and brooding darkness The pensive stillness and loneliness of the shore gave to him thoughts which brought tears into his eyes. Nicholson knew as no other did the ebbing and flowing tide and the play of light and colour on the ever-restless waves.

As a colourist he was without a compeer, and he never knew the day he could not draw. In his work there is subtlety of line, marvellous colour arrangement of composition and quality of lights and shadows which produce the charming pictorial effect that stamps a work of genius; while every picture of Nicholson's creation is suffused with the high poetic feeling. His work gives delight to the eye that sees and the heart that understands.

The humility of the artist, his retiring disposition, and his abhorrence of degrading his art to please the crowd or to truth for commercial gain, secluded him from the world and the popularity he might have won had he sought it. As Smetham says of one, " He had as truly vanquished fame as others covetousness and pleasure." John Nicholson had the esteem of the few capable of judging his work, and it was more estimable than the applause of the many. John Ruskin discovered in -Nicholson the true artist; he purchased a number of his sketches, and had them distributed in various Art centres to be kept in the permanent collections. Ruskin said they were some of the most perfect drawings he had ever seen, and he also wrote an appreciative letter to the artist. Corbould, who was art teacher to Princess Beatrice, when he stood before Nicholson's picture on the easel, wondered how he obtained such effects by such strong handling and breadth.

G. F. Watts, R.A., recognised his artistic power, and many years ago, when Shields visited Nicholson in his studio, he told him that his drawing was perfect:, and no one could instruct him in the practice of art.

The late Governor Loch, T. E. Brown, and A. W. Moore were his closest friends.

He had mastered French and Italian to enrich his knowledge of art; he had travelled far afield on the Continent filling his sketch-books with charming bits of Verona, Venice, and Rome. Turner, Titian, and Raphael were to John Nicholson the world's greatest artists. Turner lie thought the greatest of the giants. "The Manx Note Book," the decoration in St. Thomas's Church, and the many beautiful works of art which he called his children, will bear witness to his genius. John -Nicholson laid down his palette a few days ago, and passed into that bourne from which no traveller returns; those who knew him best revered him for his sterling honesty, and for the beauty and perfectness of the work which came from his hands. His achievement is due to the artistic temperament he inherited from his mother and to his devotion to the art he loved. Perhaps the best tribute we can give to John Nicholson is to say he was one of those men who never go to the second thing first.

J. E. D.

MRS. CLUCAS (Thornhill).

Died 31st March, 1911.

After a protracted illness, Mrs Clucas passed away on Good Friday, at the age of 74 years. The funeral took place on Tuesday, leaving Thornhill at 10-45. Amongst those present were:-The Archdeacon, Deemster Callow, Mr Cruickshank.(High-Bailiff), Revs T. R. Kinrade, M.A., J. H. Caine, W. M. Harrison, []. Harrison, Dr Tellett, Dr Barbour, and Dr Sugden, Mr C. B. Nelson, Mr J. R. Kerruish, H.K., Mr A. Christian, H.K., Mr T. B. Cowley, Mr J. Kermode, Mr A. H. Teare, Mr J. Corlett, Mrs J. Goldsmith, Miss Rudd, Mrs Nelson, etc. A short service was held in St. Olave's, conducted by the Vicar (Rev Dr. Davies). The choir chanted the 90th Palm, and the hymn, " Peace, perfect peace," was sung. The cortege then proceeded to the railway station, where it entrained for Rushen.

The coffin was placed in the guard's van, which was beautifully draped for the occasion. The coffin was of unpolished oak, with heavy brass mountings, provided by Mr H. K. Callow. A number of constables, in charge of Inspector King, were in attendance. Many wreaths were received, a special carriage being used to take them.


The cortege arrived at Port St. Mary from Ramsey, by special train, at 2-20 p.m., where it was met by a representative gathering of the inhabitants, a testimony to the high esteem in which the family of the deceased lady is held by all classes of the community. Among those present we noticed Mr J. S. Gell (HighBailiff of Douglas and Castletown), Mr Joe. Qualtrough, H.K., Mr Thos. Qualtrough (harbour-master), Mr H. J. Qualtrough, Mr Thos. Clague, Mr D. Lace, Mr J. J. Qualtrough, Mr Thos. E. Moore, Mr A. Contain (Ballagawne), Mr `V. A. Kelly, Mr H. P. Kelly, Mr R. Costain, Mr Ambrose Gallister, Mr R. Keig, Mr T. Taylor (Ballakilley), Mr \V. Karran, Mr Jas. Gerry, Mr S. Gerry, Mr Thos. Kneen (Ballacorkish), Mr Wm. Kneen (Croit-eCaley), Mr J. J. Sansbury, Mr T. Q. Kennaugh, Mr F. W. Briscoe, etc. The hearse containing the coffin was preceded by two members of the Isle of Man Constabulary (Sergt. Wm. Faragher and Constable Chas J. Faragher). En route to Kirk Christ Churchyard, Rushen, where the interment took place, the hymn " O God, our help in ages past," and the 90th Psalm were sung; and as the cortege proceeded up the aisle of the church, Mr Arthur Cregeen, A.I.S.C. (organist) played Mendelssohn's " O rest in the Lord" (from " Elijah"). The Rev C. H. Leme (Vicar of Rushen and Rural Dean of Castletown) impressively read the lesson from 1. Cor. xv., after which the hymn "My God, my Father, while I stray" was feelingly sung, the singing being led by the choir; and the organist played Beethoven's " Funeral March." At the graveside the concluding rites were conducted by the Rev W. E. Davies, B.D., D.C.L. (Vicar of St. Olave's, Ramsey).

The funeral arrangements were in charge of Mr J. Kermode, draper, Ramsey. The coffin was of unpolished oak, the inscription on the plate reading

" Margaret Clucas, born April 2nd, 1839; died, March 21st, 1913."


Mrs Margaret Clucas, of Thornhill, Ramsey, and Ballavarvane. St. Mark's, had the unique distinction of being daughter, wife and mother of three men who have achieved distinction in Manx public life. She was elder daughter of the late Mr William Callister, of Thornhill, who in his day was one of the best-known and most respected leaders of public opinion in the Isle of Man. Mr Callister became a member of the House of Keys in the days when that assembly was self-elected, and on the elective principle being brought to bear with regard to the constitution of the House, he was returned as one of the people's representatives in the Legislature, and held his seat until his death, which occurred just over forty years ago. Mr Callister was famous as an orator, both in the forum and the pulpit. He was acknowledged to be the finest speaker of his day in the House of Keys, while as a local preacher in connection with the Wesleyan Methodist Church he had a splendid reputation. which was by no means confined to the Isle of Man. Miss Callister, his elder daughter, married the late Mr John Thomas Clucas, of Ballakilley, Rushen, a member of the Manx Bar, who in Governor Loch's days was for some time secretary to his Excellency and Treasurer of the Isle of Man. These positions Mr Clucas resigned soon after his marriage. and almost immediately upon his resignation taking effect he sought and secured election to the House of Keys as one of the representatives of Rushen Sheading. At once he attained ,to prominence as one of the leaders of the House, and for many years prior to his death he was acclaimed by his fellow-members as their champion in the many conflicts which occurred between the House and the Legislative Council. His success was all the more remarkable in that blindness overtook him soon after election, but notwithstanding this infirmity he, by reason of a marvellously retentive memory, could follow bills which came before the House, and had a thorough mastery of financial questions. His death took place quarter of a century ago, but his fame yet lives, and will be long in dying. Mr and Mrs Clucas had two sons, the elder of whom, Mr John Donald Clucas, has proved himself a true son of his father in connection with his membership of the House of Keys. Mr J. D. Clucas was first returned to the House while still well under thirty years old by the electors of Rushen Sheading. Young though he was, he soon asserted his mettle, and by his painstaking and conscientious discharge of legislative duties, and his independence of character, he in very short time became the acknowledged leader of the rural party in the House. The late Mrs Clucas herself took a great interest in politics. and justly prided herself in the achievements of her father, husband, and son. She inherited from her father extensive estates in various parts of the Isle of Man, and was probably the largest landed proprietor in the Island. A lady of great, force of character, she recognised the responsibilities of her position, and discharged herself of them in fashion thais secured general approval. In social matters she bore a prominent part, and in her charity she was discriminate and just. The poor in various parts of the Island participated in her benefactions, which were usually very practical of character--for instance, she annually forwarded from Thornhill a large parcel of Manx-spun flannel for distribution among the poor of Rushen. She was much concerned in agriculture, and spent large sums in developing her many farms, while her knowledge of cultivation-especially of gardening - was wide and valuable. Though brought up a Wesleyan Methodist, Mrs Clucas, on her marriage, joined her husband in his adhesion to the Established Church, and continued to the end her active and useful membership of the religious body of her adoption. She had one sister, who survives her-Mrs Farrant, widow of the late Mr Edward Curphey Farrant, of Ballakillingan, Lezayre. Mrs Clucas leaves five children-two sons and three daughters. Her elder son, as has been stated, is Mr J. D. Clucas, H.K., while the other is Mr W. C. Clucas, who is engaged in the cotton trade in Manchester. One of her daughters is the wife of the Rev Canon Kermode, M.A., Vicar of St. George's, Douglas, and the others are unmarried.


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