[From Manx Soc vol 18]
BY BROWNE WILLIS, ESQUIRE.
Extracted from his Book on the Cathedrals of England, 1727.
A Survey of the Cathedrals of York, Durham, Carlisle, Chester, Man, Litchfiehd, Hereford, Worcester, Gloucester, Bristol, Lincoln, Ely, Oxford, and Peterborough. By Browne Willis, Esquire. London:
Printed for H. Gosling, at the Middle Temple-Gate, in Fleet Street, 1 27-30. Three volumes, 4to : Diocese of Man, vol. i. pp. 369-380, with an addenda printed in various parts of the work, and a south-east prospect and ichnography of the Cathedral Church.
MAN. I was infinitely obliged to the truly primitive bishop there, but as I had not the honour to be known to his lord-ship, and on that account neglecting the sending in time, my letters and his answers were so long in circulating that I could not receive a thorough information to several of my queries early enough ; tho as this is the first description given of this Church, I hope it may be accepted. His lordship informing me that the draught is exactly engraven, except that the windows are too wide (which I was apprehensive of at first, and so told the engraver, tho I could not persuade him to alter them, after the plate was once out of his hands), and that the plan is right, is also his lordships opinion, except that the pulpit, which is opposite to the bishops throne, is not specified ; it is very lately also, that I learnt from his lordship, that no part of the body and cross isle is paved ; and that all the lords nine impropriations, mentioned p. 817, were leased about 1667, by the lords of the isle to Bishop Barrow, for the benefit of the poor clergy.
WHADDON HALL, near Fenny Stratford,
April 8, 1727.
COMPRISETH only the Island of Man, which lies between England, Scotland, Ireland, and Wales, almost at equal distances, and contains no more than seventeen parishes, and in them are four market-towns, viz. Castletown, Douglass, Peel, and Ramsey, which have all of them chapels within the respective parishes of Kirks-Malew, Conchan, German, Maughold ; two whereof, viz. Castletown and Douglass, have been lately rebuilt, as was that of Ramsey about the year 1636.
The names of the seventeen parishes, with their dedications, are,
Kirk Andrews, St. Andrew.
St. Mary of Ballaugh.
Kirk Bride, St. Bridget.
Kirk Christ Rushen, Holy Trinity.
Kirk Arbory, St. Columbus.
Kirk Malew, St. Lupus.
Kirk Santan, St. Santanus.
Kirk Braddan, St. Brendinus.
Kirk Marown, St. Runius.
Kirk Conchan, St. Concha.
Kirk Lonon, St. Lonanus.
Kirk Maughold, St. Machutus.
Kirk Patrick, St. Patrick.
Kirk German in Peel, St. German, the cathedral.
Kirk Michael, St. Michael.
Kirk Patrick in Jurby, St. Patrick.
Kirk Christ Lez Ayre, Holy Trinity.
All which are appropriate, except the three first, which are the only parsonages or rectories ; and of these Kirk Andrews is annexd and united to the archdeaconry, to which the lords of this isle present, as they do to all the livings, except Kirks German, Braddan, Patrick, and Jourby, which are in the bishops gift : And to the aforesaid lords of the isle, the patronage of the bishoprick seems all along to have appertained. For tho Pope Coelestine once made a grant of it in these words, to the Abby of Fumes, co. Lancaster,Præterea in eligendo episcopum insularum, libertatem quam reges earum bonæ memoriæ, Olavus et Godredus films ejus monasterio vestro contulerunt, sicut in autenticis eorum continetur ; auctoritate apostolica confirmamus. Dat. Romæ 10 Cal. Jului, Pontif. nostris [1194.] yet his bull seems never to have took place ; forasmuch as we learn from the Monasticon Anglicanum, vol. iii. p. 145. that Olave II. the then King of Man, non obstante Furnesium clamore, sent Nicholas, whom he appointed bishop of this see, an. 1203. to the church of York, and desired ut cito consecratum remittant. And it is plain, that ever since, as well as before, the bishops have been nominated by the lords of this isle, which was once subject to the kingdom of Northumberland ; but being about 1065 won from it by the Danes and Norwegians, they appointed a petite king of their own till 1266. when the Scots, by a mixd title of conquest and purchase, obtained it, and held it for the most part till Edward IIIds reign, when it was in 1340 conquerd by William Montacute, Earl of Salisbury, who enjoyd it during his life, and never mortgaged it to Anthony Beck, bishop of Durham, as Sacheverel, in his history of this isle, intimates through a very great mistake ;* for Bishop Beck had been dead thirty years before, and had no title to it, unless any had been conferred upon him by a grant of King Edward I. on his conquest of Scotland, which expired on the bishops death, if not sooner, when the Scots, Temp. Edw. II. recovered again what had been took from them, tho they were outed of this in the succeeding reign of Edward III. by the said William Montacute, whose son sold it 1393. to Sir William Scrope, which coming by his attainder to King Henry IV. he bestowed it 1399. on Henry Piercy Earl of Northumberland, and on his forfeiting his favour, gave it 1405. to Sir John Stanley, whose posterity, earls of Derby, have ever since been possessd of it, and have, as already mentioned, enjoyed all along the patronage of the bishoprick, and nominate their intended bishop to the King, who dismisses him with the royal assent to the Archbishop of York, and he accordingly consecrates him, as one of his suifragans ; this bishop being reputed the fourth or last suffragan of his province, tho he has not, as the other three, any place in Parliament : Not for the reason, as Heylin and other historians give, because he is not appointed by the Crown of England, for it has sometimes so happend that the King of England has nominated to this see ; but the true reason rather appears, that this bishops diocese and baronage was never within the realm of England, no more than the bishops of Normandy whilst that country was in the hands of the English. Besides, it is apparent, if Dr. Heylins reason bad took place, that the bishops of Rochester, as they had antiently been put in by the archbishops of Canterbury, might have been excluded, in like manner, sitting in Parliainent.
The government of this diocese, under its bishop, is by an archdeacon, two vicars general, and sixteen parochial ministers, which supply sixteen of the seventeen churches, the seventeenth being the said archdeacons proper cure.
The revenues or income of the bishoprick arise from a demesne, some lands in lease, and appropriations, with the advowsons of Kirk German, Kirk Braddan, Kirk Jurby, two thirds of Kirk Patrick, and one third of some other parishes, and amount in the whole to about 4001. per ann. as does the archdeaconry to about 901. the two rectories to 601. each, and the other livings to about 251. apiece ; tho several of them being leased out formerly to Rushen Abby, the vicars enjoyd a very small pittance, till Bishop Barrow bought out the lease from the lords of the isle, part of whose possessions it became at the Dissolution ; and for farther augmentation, proeurd a grant of 1001. per ann. to be settled for ever on the poorest vicaridges, besides his own charity in endowing schools to instruct the youth.
As to the cathedral church, which is dedicated to St. German, and said to have been built by Bishop Simon in King Henry IIlds time, it is a plain structure, erected in the shape of a cross, with a tower in the middle, and consists of two single isles, crossing each other, which are no more than nineteen foot in breadth, without pillars. The length from east to west is a hundred and thirteen foot and an half, and from north to south sixty six foot and an half. In the tower (which stands upon four arches, sixteen foot and an half wide, and is ornamented at top, with overhanging or corbelled battlements, in nature of a castle) is neither bells or windows. Nor is here, as I am informd, one raised monument either in this or any of the parish churches, which have none of them above one or two bells, nor are there any towers or steeples belonging to above two or three of them, and not one clock in any of them, except Douglass, lately set up. Neither are here any antient inscriptions on grave-stones, which are scarce anywhere to be met with, except some few in Kirk Malew, the governours parish. Nor is any part of the cathedral (which is the largest church in the island), except the chancel, kept in good repair, by reason of its situation within the walls of Peel Castle, to which there is no access but at low water, and even then no good coming; which being also the case of Kirk Patrick church, standing near it, has occasioned that likewise to go to ruin ; on which account the present good bishop has erected a new church for the parishioners in a more commodious place, the inconvenience attending St. Germans parish being provided for by the chapel at Peel Town.
In Kings Vale Royal, or History of Cheshire, printed in folio an. 1656. may be seen a draught of this cathedral, and Kirk Patrick church, the abby of Rushen, and nunnery of Douglass, which, with the house of friars in Kirk Arbory, founded an. 1373. were the only religious houses in this island. The first of these, viz. Rushen, reputed the usual burial-place of the kings of Man, appears by the ruins to have been an elegant structure. Here is also, among other buildings, given a draught or prospect of the Episcopal Palace, which stands in Kirk Michael parish.
But besides the draught in King, there is published in Stevens English Monasticon a south-west prospect of the cathedral ; and in the new edition of Cambdens Britannia, by Bishop Gibson, we have some account how the bishops of this isle came to be entitled bishops of Sodor, of which all I need add, is, that about 1098. when Magnus King of Norway had conquerd Man and the isles, the two sees of Sodor and Man were said to be united into one, which having continued so for 235 years, viz. till Edward IIIds time, about 1333. has occasioned the bishops of this isle, even to this day, to retain both titles, notwithstanding Sodor itself which is said to be an obscure village in St. Columbs isle in Scotland, where Pope Gregory IV. planted a bishops see an. 840. has, after its separation from Man many ages ago, been long since swallowed up in the sees of Orkney and the isles, while Scotland had bishops. And lastly, as to the jurisdiction of the
Archbishop of Drontheim in Norway, spoken of by our writers, and their consecrating the Bishop of Man, I cannot find any good authority confirming their exercising jurisdiction here, or discover that any bishop received consecration in Norway, except Laurence, and that was by a particular accident. And this I am the better enabled to speak to, for-asmuch as the present most primitive bishop, who has generously communicated to me an account of this see, has not been able to meet with any information about it ; and on his sending to Norway, could only be informed that their registers at Drontheim (if any) were burnt. But I hasten to treat of the bishops ; in discoursing of whom I shall beg leave to include what remarks I have farther been able to pick up concerning this see.
* The Isle of Man was granted for life to Anthony Beck in 1309 by Edward II. . The Rev. Mr. Cumming, in the first volume of the Manx Society publications, p. 168, has endeavoured to reconcile the various statements of Camden, Chaloner, and Sacheverell, with each other, and with the facts of history, which are elicited by the comparison of the ancient documents published in Dr. Olivers Monumenta, vol. vii. of the Manx Society.
THIS island became very early the seat of a bishop,
AMPHIBALUS being reported to have presided as such about the year 360. Tho better authorities inform us, that St. Patrick, the Irish apostle, founded this see, and appointed
GERMANUS first bishop here an. 447. and after him consecrated
ROMULUS, bishops of this isle ; and that five years after the said Patricks death,
MACHUTUS, called also Machilla and Maughold, sate bishop here an. 498, and 518. He veiled St. Bridget a nun, to whom a church is dedicated, as well as one to himself, in this island. The next bishop that occurs, is
CONANUS, tutor to Eugenius King of Scotland, who died Jan. 26, an. 648. He had the tuition of his three sons in this isle, which was antiently in such repute, that the Scotch histories mention an ordinance to be made for the education
of the heirs of that Crowii by the bishops here. Who sac-ceeded him we have no account, for our histories only furnish the bare names of
* ST. CONTENTUS,
* ST BLADUS,
ST. MALCHUS, and
TORKINUS, who lived an. 889. (and is styled Bishop of Sodor, as are the three preceding bishops).
* ROOLWER, said to be buried at St. Maugholds
* WILLIAM ; and
* BRENDINUS, to whom a church in this island is dedicated. Nor do we meet with any mention of this see till the year 1098. when Matthew Paris tells us, that the two sees of Sodor and Man were united into one, and that
WYMUNDUS, or REYMUNDUS (called also Hamundus, son of Jole, in the Manks Chronicle), a monk of Sais in Normandy, was consecrated the first bishop, by Thomas Archbishop of York, who died an. 1113. Mr. Le Neve supposes his calling him the first bishop was in regard that he became the first bishop of Sodor and Man after this see was appointed one of the suffragans to the province of York.* This bishop was deprived an. 1151. and had, as Sacheverell tells us, his eyes put out. His successor, as we learn from Matthew Paris, was
JOHN, another monk of Sais in Normandy, who says, he factus est secundus Antistes Moinæ insulæ quæ est inter Angliarn et Hiberniam, propinquior tamen Angliæ, an. 1151. tho in Sacheverells account
* GAMALIEL, an Englishman (buried in the abby of Peterborough, and not with the two foregoing bishops, who were both interred in St. Germans cathedral in Peel), is placed as next bishop after Wymundus. He is said to have been consecrated by Roger Archbishop of York, who became archbishop an. 1154. and died so an. 1181. After him, according to Sacheverell,
REGINALD, a Norwegian, was bishop here, who obtained a grant of the third part of the tythes of this island. To him succeeded
* CHRISTIAN Archadiensis (i.e. a Scot, a native of Orkney, as I take it), who lies buried in Benchor monastery in Ireland, and had to his successor
MICHAEL, a Manksman, who dying an. 1203. was buried in Fountains Abby, co. York, and succeeded by
NICHOLAS de Meaux, Abbat of Furness in Lancashire, an. 1203. in King Johns time ; in whose reign Prynn intimates this see was subjected to York. He is reported to go into Ireland to visit Benchor Monastery, and that dying there an. 1217. he was buried in that priory ; tho I presume he then only resigned his bishoprick, for in the Monasticon, vol. i. p. 506, he occurs an. 1227. by the name of N. quondam Manniæ et insularum Episcopus, as witness to a charter of Stainfeild Priory. His successor was
REGINALD, a person of royal extraction, nephew to King Olave, consecrated an. 1217. He was a most exemplary governour, and dying about the year 1226. was buried in Rushen Abby with his ancestors, and succeeded by
JOHN, son of Hefare or Harfere, an. 1226. who by the negligence of his servants was unfortunately burnt. He was buried at Jerewas (I presume Jervaulx Abby, called also Jerwas, Co. York). After him
SIMON Archadiensis, an Orkney man, occurs bishop an. 1229. He was a man of great learning and prudence, held a synod an. 1239. made thirteen canons, which see in the Monasticon Anglicanurn. He died in his palace in Kirk Michael an 1249. and was buried in St. Germans Cathedral in Peel, which he had begun to build. On his death,
LAURENCE, Archdeacon of Man, wa.s elected bishop an.
1249. who being at the same time on attendance upon Harold king of this isle in Norway, received consecration at the hands of the Metropolitan of that kingdom ; which is the only instance I find of the Archbishop of Drontheims consecrating any bishop here. He had the misfortune to be shipwrecked, and drowned the same year, so he never came home to take possession of this dignity, which was, after some vacancy, next conferred upon
RICHARD, an Englishman, consecrated at Rome an. 1252. He dedicated the church of St. Marys of Rushen, or Castle-town, an. 1260. about six years after which the Scots got possession of this island. He died an. 1274. at Langalyner in Copland, on his return from a general council, and was buried at Furness Abbey, and succeeded by
* MARK of Galloway, a Scot, by mistake written Marus, and sometimes called Mauritius, promoted by Alexander the Ilid King of Scotland an. 1275. according to some accounts, or, as in others, an. 1280. He was on some difference, as Sacheverell intimates, banishd by the natives ; but they being interdicted for it, were glad to recal him, and lay a smoke-penny, by way of commutation, on every house, which is I think not paid now. He held a synod at Kirk Braddan in March, an. 1291. and made there thirty-nine canons. He died an. 1303. having been sometime blind, and was buried in St. Germans Cathedral in PeeL After him
ALLEN, or ONACHUS, of Galloway, another Scot, became bishop an. 1305. He died Feb. 15. 1321. and was buried at Rothesay in Scotland, and succeeded by a third countryman, viz.
GILBERT of Galloway, an. 1321. He died 1 323. and was buried at Rothesay by his predecessor, and succeeded by
BERNARD, another Scot, an. 1324. He died an. 1333. and was buried at Kilwining in Scotland, where he had been abbat, and succeeded by
THOMAS, who was also a Scotsman, about 1334. In this bishops time this island was entirely recovered and taken away from Scotland, and so he was the last bishop made by them. He died Sept. 20. 1348. and was buried at Scoon in Scotland.
WILLIAM RUSSEL, a Manksman, Abbat of Rushen, succeeded, being consecrated at Avignion, by Pope Clement, an. 1348. He is said to have resisted some encroachments which the see of Drontheim woud have imposed, and to have entirely shook off that bishop. He held a synod at St. Michaels, in which five additional canons were made. He died April 21. 1374. and was buried in Furness Abby. His successor was
JOHN DUNKAN, a native of Man, elected May 21. 1374. and consecrated at Avignion, Nov. 25. following. In his return he was made prisoner at Bolonia, and redeemed for five hundred marks. He died 1380. soon after which time
ROBERT WALDBY occurs bishop here. He was an. 1391. made Archbishop of Dublin, and an. 1395. Bishop of Chichester, and next year Archbishop of York, as may be seen page 39. of this history. The next I find is
* RICHARD PULLY, who occurs Bishop of Sodor an. 1429.
JOHN GRENE, called also Sprotton (as I presume from the place of his birth, not far from Dunchurch, co. Warwick; of which he became vicar an. 1414.), occurs possessed of Dun-church and this see an. 1448. which he likewise held an. 1454. and was, not long after, succeeded by
THOMAS BURTON, who dying in March 1457. one
* THOMAS is said to be elected bishop here June 21. 1458.
on the death of Thomas Burton. I take him to be the same with
THOMAS, Abbat of Vale Royal in Cheshire, who occurs bishop here, in Mr. Whartons collections, in July 1466. and that on his death, which no doubt happend at Vale Royal, and burial there, an. 1480.,
RICHARD OLDHAM, Abbat of Chester, was promoted to this see an. 1481. He died Sept. 19. 1486. and was buried in Chester Abby, as I learn, without any monument now remailing, and succeeded by
HUAN HESKETH, called in Sacheverell Hugh Hesketh; and in Le Neve, Huan Blackleach ; consecrated an. 1487. In his time Tho. Stanley, King of Man and Earl of Derby, by his charter, dated March 28. 1505. confirmed to him and his successors the tithes and possessions which his predecessors kings of Man had given to former bishops ; and particularly granted the cathedral church in the Island Holm, Sodor, or Peel, with St. Patricks church there, and other churches in Man, as may be seen in the charter in the Monasticon, vol. i. page 718. He died an. 1510. and was buried in his cathedral of St. Germans in Peel.
In a glass window of the chapel iii his house at Black-leach Hall, and also in other parts of that house, in Latham Lordship, Co. Lancaster, was this painted, as I find in a MS. volume of Dodsworths Collections, in the Bodleian Library in Oxford :
He was, as I find in the aforesaid MS., born at BlackleachHall, and eldest brother of that house, and built the chapel at Blackleach ; and that on his death, as we are informd in the same account,
THOMAS STANLEY, a base son of Stanley Lord Montegle, of Hornby-Castle, co. Lancaster, was made bishop, and, on account of his bastardy, obtained leave from the Pope to hold his preferments, especially the rectory of Wigan, which I suppose he had first given him. He was also Parson of North-Meales, and at length of Berwick-in-Elvet, and Badsworth, co. York. In his time, viz. 1542. as we learn in our statute-books, an. 33. Hen. VIII. ch. 31. an Act of Parliament was made for dissevering the new erected see of Chester, and bishoprick of the Isle of Man, from the jurisdiction of Canterbury, and annexing them to York : which I suppose was done to prevent all future disputes ; for I do not find that Canterbury ever laid any claim to jurisdiction here, or even that York much interested itself~, no more than the Crown of England, in this island. As to Bishop Stanley, he was deprived for not complying with Henry VIIIth's measures, as I am informed, in the year 1546. tho I rather judge it was in the preceding year ; for we meet with
ROBERT FERRAR subscribing as Bishop of Sodor, an. 1545. He was afterwards preferred to the antient metropolitical see of St. David, an. 1548. having I presume scarce took possession of this ; for it is certain that
HENRY MAN, Dean of Chester, had the royal assent to his election to this bishoprick Jan. 22. 1546. on the King's nomination. He died, and was buried in St. Andrews Undershaft Church in London, with this epitaph:
On his death,
THOMAS STANLEY, A.M., was restored by Queen Mary an. 1556. and dyd 1568. being then also Rector of Winwick as well as Berwick. His successor was
JOHN SALISBURY, LL.B., suifragan Bishop of Thetford, Dean of Norwich, Chancellor of Lincoln Cathedral, and Arch-deacon of Anglesea, nominated to this see March 27. 1569. Being a native of Wales, he had a hand in translating the Bible into Welch, which, with the loss of his preferments ( for marriage, as it seems to me, in Queen Marys reign, he having been of a religious order, and vowed celibacy), probably recommended him on Queen Elizabeths accession to the Crown. He died in Sept. 1573. and was buried in Nor-wich Cathedral, without any memorial. On his death,
JAMES STANLEY, son to the Lord Montegle, is said to have been appointed bishop, by some accounts, an. 1573. tho in others we are informd that after Salisburys decease this see continued vacant about three years, till
JOHN MERICK, A.M., Vicar of Hornchurch in Essex, be-came nominated hereunto by Henry Earl of Derby, and was admitted by the King April 13. and consecrated at Lambeth April 15. 1576. the year after which he was installed bishop, viz. an. 1577. He died Nov. 7. 1599. in Yorkshire, where I suppose he was beneficed, and so was buried no doubt in that county. His successor was
GEORGE LLOYD, S.T.P., Rector of Heswall, co. Lancaster, consecrated an. 1599. On whose translation to Chester,
JOHN PHILIPS, AM., Rector of Hawarden, co. Flint, Arch-deacon of Cleveland and Man, and Parson of Slingsby and Thorp, co. York, was nominated by the King to this see Jan. 29. 1604. and consecrated Feb. 10. following. He got the Common-Prayer Book of the Church of England translated into the language of the natives of his diocese, the original whereof is yet extant ; and was, as Sacheverell says, famous for his charity and hospitality. He died Aug. 7. 1633. and was buried at St. Germans in Peel. His successor was
WILLIAM FORSTER, S.T.P., Prebendary of Chester, presented by the Earl of Derby 26. Dec. who obtained the royal assent Feb. 26. and was consecrated March 9. 1633. He held a court at Douglas in Oct. 1634. and dying about four months after [Feb. 23], was buried at Barrow, co. Chester, Feb. 26. where he was rector, without any memorial, and succeeded by
RICHARD PARR, S.T.P., Rector of Eccleston, co. Lancaster, consecrated June 10. 1635. He was an excellent bishop, rebuilt Ramsey Chapel, and was eminent for his preaching, and instructing the natives of his diocese. He died an. 1643. and was buried in the cathedral of St. Germans in Peel, in the unhappy times of the rebellion ; which gave an occasion to a vacancy of about eighteen years, till such time as
* SAMUEL RUTTER, A.M., archdeacon (who, upon Bishop Parrs death, as chief spiritual magistrate, had the ecclesiastical government of this isle), was confirmed bishop Oct. 8. :i 661. He had an. 1660. been collated to the Prebend of Longden, in the church of Lichfeild, by the title of Bishop of Sodor ; which I find became vacant by his death an. 1663. He died, and was buried under the uncoverd steeple of St. Germans, then in ruins, in his own cathedral, with this epitaph on a brass plate ; the only one that has been communicated to me from hence ; and, I suppose, the only memorial of any bishop in this island ; and possibly the only epitaph in this church
On his death, the most primitive
ISAAC BARROW, S.T.P., became consecrated bishop July 5. 1663. Besides the benefactions already hinted, he procured the sum of 6001., the interest of which he settled to maintain an academick master ; as he did also 201. per ann. for the encouragement of such persons as should be designd for the sacred ministry. He was, in short, as Sacheverell tells us, a man of so publick a spirit and generous designs for the good of his church, that to him is owing the learning among the natives ; as is the bread the clergy eat, to his charity : he was, as the same author tells us, to the great loss of the island, removed to St. Asaph, an. 1669. However, he was permitted to keep this see till 1671, when
HENRY BRIDGMAN, S.T.P., Dean of Chester, Prebendary of York, and Rector of Bangor, co. Flint, and Lanwrst Sine Cure in St. Asaph diocese, became consecrated at Chester, Oct. 1. 1671. He died May 18. 1682. and was buried in Chester Cathedral, without any memorial ; and succeeded by
JOHN LAKE, S.T.P., Archdeacon of Cleveland, Rector of Prestwick, co. Lancaster, and Prebendary of York, consecrated in Dec. 1682. He was in August 1684. translated to Bristol; and succeeded by
BAPTIST LEVINZ, S.T.P., Rector of Christian Malford, Prebendary of Hasilbeare, in the Church of Wells, and at length Prebendary of Winchester, consecrated bishop March 15. 1684. He died Jan. 31. 1692. and was buried in Winchester Cathedral, with this epitaph on a black marble gravestone, enclosed with iron rails : Baptista Levinz, S.T.P. Episcopus Sodorensis et hujus Ecclesiæ Præbendarius Patre Gulielmo Levinz de Eventia in Comit. Northampt. Armigero Ortus Oxonii in Collegio B. M. Magdalenæ Educatus Patriæ suæ, Academiæ, Ecclesiæ, et Sæculi Ornamentum ob integritatem et sanctimoniam vitæ, morum gravitatem, et candorem et virtutes vere Christianus ohm spectabilis, semper memorandus, naturæ et Gratiæ Dotibus illustris, Corporis elegantis, Vultus decori, Mentis eximiæ (Nusquam splendidius habitavit Phihosophia) Literaturæ, qua hurnanæ qua Diviriæ, omni genere Instructus ; Theodoxæ Re-ligionis Præco atque propugnator Vahidissinrns, Deo probatus Operarius åveiraixvaros Episcopale munus inodeste Admisit, prudenter, et Benefice administravit, Primævos et Apostolicos Pastores imitatus, et Quahem posteri imitentur. Vixit multis Idoneus ; Omnibus Dilectus ; Bene de allis merendi Studiosus, et apprime Gnarus ; Erga Egenos liberahis, simulq ; Rei familiaris providus ; Hospitalis sine Luxu, et inter Lautitias abstemius. In Templo, juxta ac privatis in Ædibus Deuiii assidue et sincere Veneratus ; In precibus et jejunis frequens, Coeli appetens, Febre Correptus, Bonus Servus et Fidehis Domini sui Gaudium ingressus est Die xxxi Januarij, An. Dom. MDCXCII. Ætat. Suæ 49. Viro optimo desideratissimoq; Maria Uxor dilectissiina H.M. M.P.
His successor, after five years vacancy, was the present most worthy and primitive bishop, an. 1723. (whose pious endeavours, and most exemplary pastoral care of this see, by constant residence, will endear his memory to all posterity) viz.
THOMAS WILSON, LL.D., consecrated Jan. 16. 1697.
Having thus gone through the account of the bishops, there remains nothing further for me to treat of in the compass of my design, since there are no other members be-longing to this cathedral ; and the series of the archdeacons not being to be procurd, as I learn from York and elsewhere, I can only inform my reader, that except LAURENCE, made bishop 1249. and GILBERT, who occurs 1482. as does GILBERT de Latham, 1546. besides Bishops PHILIPs and RUTTER, I have only met with archdeacons here, WILLIAM URQUART, S.T.P. an. 1678, and 1682. JOHN LOMAX, on whose death ARCHIPPUS KIPPAX was made archdeacon in July 1696. to whom, as I judge, succeeded SAMUEL WATTLEWORTH, whose successor, about 1716. was the present archdeacon, viz. ROBERT HORROBIN, an. 1723.
- ~ eee Olivers Monumenta, vol. i p 227 ; Manx Society, vol. iv 1860.
* The following is an exact copy taken from the
brass plate, now preserved at Bishops Court :
In hac domo quam A vermiculis
accepi confratribus meis spe
Resurrectionis ad vitam
Jaceo Saib Permissione divina
Episcopus Huius Insulæ
Siste Lector ~ = ~ S/ide ; ac Ride
Obiit xxxo die Mensis Maij Anno 1662.
(Page 817.)The number of souls in this small district are about 13,840, and of houses or families about 4000, whereof there are reckoned in the four market towns, viz. Douglass (which is in Kirk Braddan, and not in Conchan parish) 810 souls, and about 200 families : Here is a very good Saturday market, and its traffick is daily improving.
At Castletown, where is a good Tuesdays market, are 176 families, and 785 souls.
At Peel, which is a mean place, with a small Thursday market, are only 95 families, and 476 souls. And
At Ramsey, which is a more inconsiderable ordinary town, are no more than 92 families, and 460 souls.
The income of the bishoprick is the entire rectories of Kirks German, Jourby, Braddan : two thirds of Kirk Patrick, and one third of all the other livings, except Kirks Andrew and Maleiw ; the first of which entirely belongs to the archdeacon, and the other to the lord of the isle, who has also two thirds of Kirks Rushen and Ayre ; and one third in Kirks Arbory, Santan, Marrown, Lonan, Maughold, and Kirk Michael, in which last parish the bishop hath his palace and demeasn lands, of about £60 per annum, lying about it, besides some customary rents.
But forasmuch as all the priviledges and endowments of this see are contained in the following memorable charter,* in the Monasticon, vol. i. p. 718, taken seemingly from Mr. Seldens collections, I have been prevailed on to give it a place here (j. 818), which I the rather submitted to, in regard of the short account I have given of this bishoprick.
* This Charter is printed in Dugdales Monasticon~, at page 70 of this Volume.
Confirmatio Ecclesiarum et Terrarum, atque libertatum, data, concessa, et facta, per nobilissimum Dominam Thomam comitem Derbei, Dominum Stanley, ac Dominum in-sulæ de Mann et insularum, Huano Sodoriensi Episcopo suisque successoribus.
Universis sanctæ matris ecclesiæ filiis presentes litteras inspecturis vel audituris, Thomas, Dei gratia Rex Manniæ, et insularum ; comes Derbei, et Dominus Stanley, salutem in Domino sempiternam. Universitati vestræ innotescimus, quod pro salute animæ nostræ, et animarum antecessorum nostrorum, atque omnium fidelium defunctorum, concessimus et dedimus dilecto nobis in Christo Patri ac Domino, domino Huano Socloriensi Episcopo moderno in puram et perpetuam elymosynam ad mensam suam Episcopalem, omnes ecclesias, terras decimas, ac possessiones quas antecessores nostri, Reges et Domini Manne ecclesiæ Sodoriensi et Episcopatui ejusdem dederunt, concesserunt et confirmaverunt. Videlicet cedesiam cathedralem Sancti Germani in Holme Sodor vel Pele vocatam ; Ecclesiamque Sancti Patricii ; ibidem ; et locum prefatum in quo prefatæ Ecclesiæ sitæ sunt ; et etiam ecelesiam Saneti Bradani et Ecelesias Sancti Patricii de Jourby, eum ecelesia Saneti Crore, cum omnibus et singulis Ecelesiarum predictarum decimis primitiis fructibus emolu~ mentis, obventionibus, libertatibus, commoditatibus et pertinentiis universis et tertiam partem decimarum de omnibus ecclesiis de Manne, confirmantes eis tertianam plenæ villæ de Kirkby, propinquiorem eeclesiam Sancti Bradani, cum terra Sancti Bradani et tertianam plenæ villæ de Kirkmarona, de baculo Sancti Patricii, et de Holme Towne ; cum piscariis, braciniis, consuetudinibus aneoragiis et vertenariis ; tertianam de Balycem, de Knockcroker, et de Balybruste, de Jourby, de Balycane, de Bretthy, et de Ramsey. Terras etiam ecclesiæ sanctæ Trinitatis in Leayre ; sanctæ Mariæ de Balylagh, sancti Magholdi, et sancti Michaelis adjacentis, et nunciatam terræ sancti Columbe quæ vocatur Here. Nec-non omnimodus libertates antiquitus eidem Ecclesiæ con-cessas, curiam suam de vita et membris de furto, homicidio et omnibus sceleribus. Et quod habeant incarcerationem et incarceratorum evasionem, et furcas, sen patibulum super terram suarn ; et quod tam clerici quam laici in prædiis et tenementis ecclesiasticis, commorantes in curia Domini Episdopi, in foro Ecciesiastico agant et respondeant, et quod liberi sint ab omni servitio seculari, exactioni et demanda ac fortisfactura seu mericiamento. Et si qua alia causa non Ecclesiastica inter homines nostros, et homines dicti Episcopi sen successorum nostrorum vertatur, actor foris factus, rei forum sequatur. Dedimus etiam et confirmavimus eidem Episcopo et suceessoribus suis, omne genus lee Wrecke et terram ubicunque et undecunque Episcopo per Mannam venientibus, una cum vill~ de Kyrcrest juxta Ramsey, integre cum clericis et laicis braciniis et aliis pertinentibus, sine aliquo retinemento, una cum medietate piscariæ ibidem in Mirescogh. Et quod idem Episcopus successores sui, clerici et firmarii, redditum ecelesiasticorum habeant liberam potestatem de decimis suis et ceteris rebus clericorum et laicorum in terris ecelesiasticis commorantium, vendendis, disponendis, ubicun -que viderint expedire, tam infra terram nostram de Mann, quam extra sine contradictione nostra, sen heredum nostrorum vel suceessorum nostrorum, ac etiam mineram plumbi vel fern, quam invenire potent per totam terram suam in Mann, Habenda, tenenda et possidenda predicto Huano suisque sue-cessoribus Episcopis Mariniæ in perpetiium, adeo liherè, quietè et honorificè, sicut aliqua elemosyna liberius et quietius ad quamcunque mensarn Episcopalem confertur et appropriatur per Reges vel dominos quoscunque temporibus perpetuis duratura. In cujus rei testimonium, presentes literas sigillo nostro signatas, fieri fecimus patentes. Datum apud Lathum vicessimo octavo die mensis Martii A.D. 1505.
.AT.B. (Page 819.)The whole cathedral church of St. Germans was, in the vacancy of the bishoprick, inter 1692 and 1697, repaired at a great expense, and new roofed, and covered with blue slate all but the tower, which still lies open : There is not in it the least monument or inscription except Bishop Rutters. And the Episcopal palace adjoining to it, having been time out of mind taken into the lord of the islands hands, the bishop has no use of it but at his installation. And the ferry-boat, which preserved the communication between Peel Town and the cathedral, having been for some years last past laid aside, and the governors assuming a power of denying leave to persons repairing thither, even burials of the parishioners are not frequent at the cathedral; and preaching there, which used often to be practised by the parish minister of St. Germans, is neglected, and so the new seats in the chancel, erected by the present worthy bishop, as well as the whole fabrick, are like to go to decay : Wherefore the representation of the church in a draught was the rather sought for to preserve an idea of it to posterity.
(Page 820.)Henry Man was consecrated bishop of this see by Paul Bush, first bishop of Bristol ; his provision was, as tis exprest in the patent, on the vacancy, by the death of the last bishop, so probably Ferrar was never bishop here, for had he been so, he need not have been consecrated anew when he was preferred to St. David. But as this is the first entry we have in our records of this see, perhaps the true occasion of the vacancy might not be so well known, and Ferrar might, without consecration (which he seemed to have no opinion of), be suffered to exercise jurisdiction here for some short time.
Long since the printing of the history of this church, there having been transmitted, with the corrections of them, a more compleat series of the archdeacons of Man : It is thought fit to insert them here anew.
LAURENCE was from this dignity made bishop 1249. One Makaboy, a Scot, was archdeacon here when that natioii was master of this isle, viz. inter 1270 and 1330. The next I hear of is
GILBERT ; he held this office an. 1482, as did after him
THOMAS CLERK, who was, an. 1497, made Bishop of Kill-ala in Ireland ; after him we meet with
GILBERT DE LATHAM, an. 1546, who, as I take it, was chosen, an. 1517, proctor for the University of Cambridge. The next in our account is one
CHRISTIAN ; and then we find
RICHARD GORSTALE, archdeacon here an. 1561, and
HUGH HOLLAND, an. 1582, to whom succeeded
JOHN PHILIPS, who occurs an. 1597, and was, an. 1604, made bishop. His successor, as we learn, was one
BROXOP ; and that after him
SAMUEL RUTTER enjoyed this dignity before 1640. He was, an. 1661, made bishop ; and succeeded by
JONATHAN FLETCHER, 1662. He died an. 1667, as I hear at Latham, and was, as is supposed, buried at Ormiskirk, co. Lancaster ; and succeeded by
WILLIAM URQUART, S.T.P., 1667. He lived at Friston, in Sussex, where he was curate ; and dying an. 1688, had for his successor
JOHN LOMAX, an. 1689 or 1690. He died April 12, 1695, and was buried in Bury co. Lancaster, near the Chancel,