Knockaloe Camp - Inquests

Under Manx law it was necessary to hold an inquest whenever there was a sudden or a violent death - deaths in captivity also came into this class. The Manx coroner was a long established title of a crown officer and up to 1777 had the responsibility of holding such inquests with a jury of six or more - following the introduction of High Bailiffs in that year this task now fell on the High Bailiff appointed for the district in which the death took place - the jury followed the English practice of requiring 11 men though unlike as in England, the Coroner of Inquests was not a medical man and generally called on the doctors who had treated the deceased to give evidence as to cause of death. As for all other courts the public had to be allowed to witness proceedings. The Jurors could demand to see the body - they did so during the inquest of an Austrian Pole on 23 June 1917 and were refused permission to enter the camp except with the permission of the Governor - the Commandant was reported as saying it was not desireable to have a number of persons going in and out of the Camp, and that he must refer the matter to the Governor - the jurors agreed not to insist on their legal right as this would require an adjournment but the High Bailiff stated that arrangements would be made in case other juries wished to see the body.

The first such inquest on a deceased alien prisoner was held in the camp - the coroner's reported closing remarks were that"he hoped the jury(all 11 named in rpt) would have less difficulty getting out of the camp than in getting in." Following this initial inquest then until late in 1917 almost all inquests were held in Patrick Schoolroom just across the road from the entrance to the camp though in one case, noted as probably unique, it had to be held in Patrick Primitive Methodist Chapel just down the road from the camp as the schoolroom was in use. There were no electric lights in the school, the camp had offered to extend the electricity supply to the school but the school authorities would need to arrange and pay for the necessary insurance which they refused to do saying that for the needs of educating children such a supply was unnecessary - in winter it was sometimes necessary to arrange acetylene lights for the inquests to take place. As the education of children took priority it was often necessary to arrange inquests on a Saturday afternoon - another bone of contention was that unlike the High Bailiff and the majority of the doctors who were on the staff of the Camp, the jurors were unpaid and being generally tradesmen resented being forced to spend time away from employment, often at very short notice - there is at least one case of a juryman who did not turn up being fined £1. One of many such reported complaints was that of Mr G. S Morrison who on the threat of an adjornment of the inquest from the Monday afternoon in early March 1916 was reported as saying:

"It was jolly hard lines that they as tradesmen had to waste their time coming there for nothing, when it was an English thing pure and simple, and the Isle of Man was a foreign country. Everyone else was paid, and he did not see why their time should be taken up and receive nothing for it. If there was any pay on it, it would be sent to Douglas, as anything of any value in the camp was sent to Douglas. Every man employed on the staff belonged to Douglas, and he thought the inquests should be sent there too."

The first coroner's jury of 7 men legalised by war legislation was held in Douglas on 17th August 1917. Post early September 1917 it became possible to hold inquests within the camp grounds and presumably allow access to the mortuary for jurors as "provision now having been made for the holding of inquests within the camp " [Peel City Guardian 11 Sep 1917].

These inquests were generally reported by the insular newspapers though the Peel City Guardian and Ramsey Courier would appear to have carried the more detailed reports. The official files are I believe held by the IoM PRO which has rather restricted opening hours and are still be be examined

Each inquest report generally gives a brief biography of the deceased and the names of two witnesses whose relationship to the deceased is also given.Names are however somewhat variable in spelling in these reports - the transcribed Patrick burials also appear to contain several misread names.

List of Inquests

[work in progress]

Burial Off Internee Camp No. Report of Inquest
01 Jun 1915 coa Frank HARTMAN 1924 IT19180622
07 Jul 1915 H Hans RAUTHE PC19150710
01 Aug 1915 C Michael KOPSCHUCH PC19150807
06 Aug 1915 C Peter KUPSER 4728 EX19150814
13 Aug 1915 H Frederich BUSCHKING 3167 MH19150818
30 Aug 1915 C Ludwig Friedrich LEMBKE 8632 EX19150904
03 Sep 1915 H Henri HOFFMANN 5861 RC19151009, PC19150911
05 Sep 1915 C Wasilia MAGURA 2137 RC19150910, PC19150911
09 Sep 1915 H Ernst MEERWOLD PC19150911
08 Oct 1915 H Eustace STELLA PC19151009
17 Oct 1915 C Theodore BOENNEMANN MH19151020
29 Oct 1915 H Hans August Carl FURTH IT19151106
29 Oct 1915 H Rudolph ARENDT 5234 IT19151106
02 Nov 1915 C Wilhelm SCHALE 13811 IT19151106
09 Nov 1915 H Leonard FUCHS 20365 EX19151113
19 Nov 1915 H Herman WINTER 596 PC19151120
27 Nov 1915 H Matthias WOLBER 8139 EX19151204
03 Dec 1915 H August WERZEL EX19151204
07 Dec 1915 H Hans RATZESBERGER 15671 PC19151211
07 Dec 1915 C Stepan SANKA 3589 PC19151211
08 Dec 1915 H Ferdinand MOLITOR EX19151211
09 Dec 1915 H Max Carl Ludwig KLOKER
21 Dec 1915 C Wilhelm SEEFILS 11409 PC19151225
22 Dec 1915 H Georges BAACH / VAACKH PC19151225
22 Dec 1915 H Charles TROMMER 5737 PC19151225
28 Dec 1915 H Fried BEEKIR PC19160101
28 Dec 1915 H Anton ROSCH 9450 PC19160101
02 Jan 1916   Gustav MATZKE   EX19160108 - ? where buried died at White Hoe
06 Jan 1916 H John Frederick SCHUETZ 5415 PC19160108
13 Jan 1916   George IHRINGER EX19160115 - buried Douglas Borough Cemetery
30 Jan 1916 C Albert BIERKAMP PC19160205
02 Feb 1916 C Joseph MORAN
03 Feb 1916 H Richard CONRAD PC19160205
09 Feb 1916 H Heinrick BOLINIUS 23374 RC19160225, PC19160212
12 Feb 1916 Tra Carl Norber STEINER 21547 PC19160212
01 Mar 1916 C Wilhelm CAZZINI 17806 PC19160304
04 Mar 1916 H Wilhelm Cristof Johann PERMIEN 5701 PC19160311
13 Mar 1916 Bo Hans HAWRING 21554 RC19160317
04 Apr 1916 H Wilhelm KEELLMUND 19173 PC19160408
07 Apr 1916 C Michael SCHERBAUM 3451 EX19160415
10 Apr 1916 S George WERGEHAT 20915 PC19160422
20 Apr 1916 H Hans TUPHORN 9821 MH19160426
28 Apr 1916 Tra Charles Leopold BAUER PC19160506
02 May 1916 Bo Theodore SCHULTZ 20305 PC19160506
06 May 1916 C August KRAUSE PC19160513
15 May 1916 S Gerhart STURKE 22581 PC19160520
21 May 1916 H Heinrich BECHTEL 6666 MH19160524
26 May 1916 C Joseph ZAK RC19160602
02 Jun 1916 Ag Herman JESCHKE RC19160609
06 Jun 1916 C John WILLMAN 13897 PC19160610
14 Jun 1916 H Franz LINICH 5528 PC19160617
14 Jul 1916 Tra Lothar SCHUSTER RC19160721
21 Jul 1916 H Karl GERISCHER 11125 PC19160722
03 Aug 1916 H Heinrich HASSELFELDT 26002 PC19160805
05 Aug 1916 b William BROWN RC19160811
12 Aug 1916 S William HOWARD MH19160816
14 Aug 1916 H Adolf BOHM 24897 PC19160819
20 Aug 1916 H Frederich GRAF 13246 MH19160823, PC19160826
15 Sep 1916 Tra Nikolas GIERULA PC19160916
25 Sep 1916 H Edward LEHNDORF EX19160930
09 Oct 1916 H Emin WUBBENHORST 3941 PC19161014, EX19161014
12 Oct 1916 S Heinrich Gustav SCHMIDT EX19161014
21 Oct 1916 ay Mohamed RAMEDEN PC19161021
21 Oct 1916 H Johannes TIETGEN PC19161021
25 Oct 1916 H Otto Paul Karl ROESCH 27671 PC19161028
27 Oct 1916 H Guido Franz von KLINGE 27160 PC19161028
24 Nov 1916 Tra John EVERS 24904 PC19161125
28 Nov 1916 S Albert PETTER PC19161202
14 Dec 1916 H Frederich POLCHOW 7228 PC19161216
15 Dec 1916 H Philip GILLOY 11162 PC19161216
18 Dec 1916 H Johann BRINKMAN MH19161227
19 Dec 1916 Tra Robert BARTSCH MH19161227
20 Dec 1916 H Max DOKL 8159 MH19161227
21 Dec 1916 H Carl ENDRES 13620 PC19161223, MH19161227
05 Jan 1917 H Johannes Heinrich Albert W JUCKSTACK IT19170106 - suicide
17 Jan 1917 C Karl Melchior Theodor Egner KARNER 8993 PC19170120
24 Jan 1917 H George Edward Adolph SANDIG MH19170124
24 Jan 1917 H Franz Mahl LARSSON 5898 PC19170127
24 Jan 1917 H Philip SCHAAF 10011 PC19170127
26 Jan 1917 S William Ernst Karl Ehrich KUSTER
31 Jan 1917 H Wolfgang Arthur DORFEL 26292 PC19170203, MH19170207 - suicide
31 Jan 1917 S Heinrich Karl Louis MARTENS 21731 PC19170203, MH19170207
01 Feb 1917 Tra Max Rudolf Robert SCHMIDT 15858 PC19170203, MH19170207
20 Feb 1917 mh Kaleb Abraham HOSSEIN 26828 PC19170224
20 Feb 1917 H John Leonardt MARGUARDT 6022 PC19170224
24 Feb 1917 S Fred HANNING EX19170303
26 Feb 1917 C Ivan OLEKSIUK EX19170303
03 Mar 1917 C August Wilhelm GERZABECK
16 Mar 1917 C Clemens BECKER EX19170317
16 Mar 1917 S Frederick WALTER 18623 RC19170316, EX19170317 - suicide
28 Mar 1917 S Karl Heinrich Arrived MATTJELDT
03 Apr 1917 H Emil Herman BASSINER 27602 PC19170407
05 Apr 1917 H Max SCHUMANN
11 Apr 1917 Po John BURKHARDT 27687 RC19170427
17 Apr 1917 Tra Joseph WALFE
24 Apr 1917 mm Hassan ALI 26877 PC19170428
25 Apr 1917 H Kuntz Johann DIKE PC19170428
26 Apr 1917 H Ludwig OCHMEKE 27852 PC19170428
01 May 1917 H Carl Friedrich Wilhelm FRANKE 15829 PC19170505
02 May 1917 H Ernst Christoph HEPPERLE 24351 PC19170505
07 May 1917 H Fritz PICKERMANN ?3502 PC19170512
07 May 1917 H Hugo HOLLENZ 8379 PC19170512
18 May 1917 C Josef AUMANN
18 May 1917 H Erich Gregor KOSLECK 26285 PC19170519
20 May 1917 mk Derwish HASSAN RC19170601, PC19170526
20 May 1917 H Wilhelm KOFFSCHINSKY 1008 RC19170601, PC19170526
05 Jun 1917 H Friedrich August Karl FRANZINS / FRANZIUS 1816 PC19170609
08 Jun 1917 S Robert Hermann GUNTHER 21171 PC19170609
11 Jun 1917 C Robert PELTZER 14108
16 Jun 1917 H William Paul NEPPE 28148 PC19170623
20 Jun 1917 Tra Frank WOSNA 19479 IT19170623, PC19170623
25 Jun 1917 C Pawlo BILECKYJ 25 PC19170630
28 Jun 1917 C Albert WELTE PC19170630
28 Jun 1917 H Bernhardt FUGMANN 5637 PC19170630
14 Jul 1917 S Friedrich Bernard Heinrich DANIMANN
17 Jul 1917 H Hermann Christian TOMASCHAWREKI 3382 PC19170721
21 Jul 1917 H Richard Lannerd Heinri JANSIEN
24 Jul 1917 ga Henry ABRAHAM 28232 PC19170728
27 Jul 1917 H Henrich Conrad ROEDING
01 Aug 1917 ga Bela POLLACK 18227 PC19170804
04 Aug 1917 H Wilhelm THOMS
06 Aug 1917 C Hugo WITTMER
08 Aug 1917 H Christian John Ludwig GRUTZ 20760 PC19170811
11 Aug 1917 H Edward Albert SHELLIN 644 PC19170818
23 Aug 1917 H Wassyl SEMEIUK / SEMENIK 3552 PC19170825, MH19170829 - suicide
25 Aug 1917 S Rudolph Wilhelm JOHANNSEN
25 Aug 1917 Tra Thoms ORESKOWIC
01 Sep 1917 Bo Wasyl LAKUSTA
19 Sep 1917 ga Ali MEMET PC19170922, MH19170919
19 Sep 1917 H Earnest Robert SCHUMANN PC19170922, MH19170919
20 Sep 1917 H Hermann Karl KLING 26749 PC19170922
25 Sep 1917 S Fritz HEINIG MH19170926
25 Sep 1917 H Thomas Heinrich Arthur HENNINGTON 27034 PC19170929
04 Oct 1917 H Herman Caspar Johannes KUNG
13 Oct 1917 H Wilhelm EWERT
13 Oct 1917 S Henrich Engelberd KELLER
20 Oct 1917 S Joseph KETTER
25 Oct 1917 Po Georg HIX
31 Oct 1917 S August Karl ALBROSCHEIT
10 Nov 1917 S Gottfried KOEHN
10 Nov 1917 Tra Alois MOSER
10 Nov 1917 Tra Bernhardt YELLER
19 Nov 1917 We Georg Hermann Edward FREIWALDT IT19171114, PC19171124
23 Nov 1917 S Albert Gustav WEISS 22672 PC19171201
11 Dec 1917 bu Otto Franz SCHREIBER 8890 or 8900 PC19171215
11 Dec 1917 C Conrad Bruno STILLER 15368 PC19171215
21 Dec 1917 Po Karl MICHEL
24 Dec 1917 Po Edward William KRAUSE
02 Jan 1918 Po Johann Antoine Gerhard KRACKE 22749 PC19180105
05 Jan 1918 Po Friedrick BIERMANN
16 Jan 1918 Po Robert William FUELLER 76 PC19180119, EX19180119
26 Jan 1918 Tra Max Alfred FROGLANON
02 Feb 1918 Po Johann SCHULZ
13 Feb 1918 S Karl SCHNEBERGER 22886 PC19180216
01 Mar 1918 Tra Louis HAIDER
02 Mar 1918 Po Egon POTTZ
13 Mar 1918 Po Johann Georg OCHLER 7765 PC19180316
14 Mar 1918 Po Gustav WANKE PC19180316
20 Mar 1918 C Petko RAIKOFF 26928 PC19180323
01 Apr 1918 S Joergen August PAULSEN 28608 PC19180406
11 Apr 1918 mm Ali Jegen KHALLON EX19180413
07 May 1918 Po Friedrich Johann KOENIG 6932 PC19180511
15 May 1918 Po Karl WERNER
20 May 1918 C Harry MUELLER
22 May 1918 Po Franz STEIGERWALD 31387 PC19180525
11 Jun 1918 Bo Ferdinand PINGEL 20837 PC19180615
26 Jun 1918 C Oscar SCHONBERG 15479 PC19180629
29 Jun 1918 kno Herman BRATZ
29 Jun 1918 kno John FRANCK
02 Jul 1918 kno Wilhelm HOYER 26525 PC19180706
18 Jul 1918 ba Max Alfred MUELLER PC19180727
18 Jul 1918 C Fritz SCHAUFUS PC19180727
18 Jul 1918 ba Friedrich WALDMANN PC19180727
19 Jul 1918 mh Ahmed HASSAN
20 Jul 1918 Po Fritz SKRANCLIES
23 Jul 1918 C Wilhelm BACHE
25 Jul 1918 Po August GERLACH
03 Aug 1918 Tra Matthias KOLLAR
07 Aug 1918 ps Emil LUITHARDT EX19180810
10 Aug 1918 be Otto KOHNKE
15 Aug 1918 kd Johannes CAMILLS
22 Aug 1918 kd Ernst MEYER
31 Aug 1918   Carl BRINGMANN
12 Sep 1918 sh Paul Otto Weldemar LEISTRIDZ PC19180914 - Suicide - (named as Paul Otto Wardemar)
09 Oct 1918   Walter RATHBART
09 Nov 1918 C Elimir MESZAROS
11 Nov 1918 bu John WARCKEN
13 Nov 1918 C Michael CARROLL
19 Nov 1918 be August BUSSMAN 32705 PC19181123
19 Nov 1918 be Wilhelm Karl Paul SCHEFFERLING 14628 PC19181123
23 Nov 1918 be Friedrich KRUEGER
26 Nov 1918 re Oskar JENSON 17666? PC19181130
26 Nov 1918 re Alexanda NAGY 18694 PC19181130
26 Nov 1918 re Alolp Ernst Jean von der STRARTEN 17052 PC19181130
28 Nov 1918 re Berthold TILLMANNS 33859 PC19181130
30 Nov 1918 re Heinrich DIERKE
30 Nov 1918 re Fritz LINDNER
03 Dec 1918 re Albert KONOW 7904 PC19181207
04 Dec 1918 v Martin SCHOENE 22735 PC19181207
05 Dec 1918 re Emil Johan August BENNING 30314? PC19181207
05 Dec 1918 C Karl KLETZENBAUER 7475 PC19181207
06 Dec 1918 re Friedrich HARTMANN PC19181207
07 Dec 1918 Tra Johann Heinrich SCHIFFER PC19181207
10 Dec 1918 re Otto ILLIG 5983 PC19181214
12 Dec 1918 C Heinrich BELMASE
20 Dec 1918 sc Otto Eugen SCHMICHT
21 Dec 1918 sc Wolfgang Willy HAGER
24 Dec 1918 sc Alfred FISCHER IT19181228
28 Dec 1918 sc Ernst WISSMAR PC19190104
30 Dec 1918 tk Karl FETT PC19190104
06 Jan 1919 sc Peter STEFFAN 15002 IT19190111, PC19190104
06 Jan 1919 sc Fred BUSCH 33249 IT19190111, PC19190104
11 Jan 1919 re Gerhard BEIG PC19190125
11 Jan 1919 re Walter HOFFSEMMER PC19190125
20 Jan 1919 re Otto Paul STARN PC19190125
21 Jan 1919 re Fritz DELL RC19190131, PC19190125 - suicide
01 Mar 1919 bu William JANCE
04 Mar 1919 bu Pierre Francois POPOFF 27965
14 Mar 1919 C Conrad STICH 27530 camp order book - died in camp 11.3.1919
14 Mar 1919 C Rudolf PULLICK 34550
02 Apr 1919 C Fritz JAEGER PC19190405
19 Apr 1919 kn Hanvy HANS
29 May 1919 kn Henry von BARGEN 24807 IT19190607
23 Sep 1919 v Johann SCHULLER 34802 PC19190927
04 Feb 1920 v Walter STHAMER
Report: EX = Examiner, IT = IoM Times, MH = Mona's Herald, PC = Peel City Guardian, RC = Ramsey Courier -
dates = yyyymmdd
Officiant: C = Dean Crookall( R.Cath),H = Pastor R Hartman, Po = Rev Pocck ('Old Catholic'), Re = Rev Reinke(Missary Protestant); Tra = Fr Trainer PhD (? Traynor - R Cath);, Bo = Rev C W Bollman, Sc = Pastor Schmidt , ga = Gerson Alfred (Jewish 'Pastor'); kn = Rev Knowles
 

The large peak in deaths at end of 1918 is due to the Spanish flu epidemic.

Jewish Graves at Kirk Patrick
Graves of two Jewish Internees at Knockaloe

RDC Soldiers

The death rate (deaths/1000) for soldiers was higher than those for Aliens in 1915-1917

Year Troops Prisoners
1915 10 35
1916 18 = 5.3/1000 49 = 3.4/1000
1917 14 = 5.7/1000 79 = 2.0/1000

Inquests

Burial Name Report
02 Mar 1915 Arthur JOYCE RC19150503
04 Apr 1915 William Charles MCGHEE
10 Aug 1915 William KEEGAN RC19150820
01 Sep 1915 William DEAN MH19150901
20 Oct 1915 Timothy NEARNS
26 Oct 1915 John FLANAGAN
08 Dec 1915 George Frederick Holmes MH19151208, PC19151204 - suicide - Douglas camp
28 Dec 1915 Robert THORNE
18 Jan 1916 John SAIT
23 Jan 1916 Joseph ROWLING
03 Apr 1916 James NICHOLSON
05 Apr 1916 David COOPER
10 May 1916 Henry Joseph DATTEY
15 May 1916 William Henry MALINGS RC19160526 - murdered by Sergt Williams
03 Sep 1916 John BROWN
27 Oct 1916 Henry James ROSE
01 Nov 1916 Samuel SIMPKINS
17 Nov 1916 John DOYLE
01 Jan 1917 James SALMON
09 Feb 1917 Edward DAVIES
24 Apr 1917 William John TAYLOR
19 Oct 1917 William ROE
24 Nov 1917 William WILLIAMS
29 Nov 1917 Henry TURNER PC19171201
16 Feb 1918 Percival EVERALL MH19180220 - suicide - ?burial
18 Apr 1918 Patrick O'BRIEN
09 Nov 1918 George S. LUTTON
03 Jan 1919 Douglas Kenneth PARKES MH19190108 - suicide - relief M.O. - ?burial


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Any comments, errors or omissions gratefully received The Editor
HTML Transcription © F.Coakley , 2019