[from Manx Place-names, 1925]

[nb some entries were out of alphabetic order - this has been corrected here]

Parish of Kirk Christ (or Holy Trinity), Lezayre

1231 Bull Pope Gregory IX. Ecclesia Sancti Trinitatis in Leayre.
1285 Bridgewater MSS. Eccles. Sancte. Trinit. apud Ramsay.
Eccles. Paroch. Scte. Trinit. juxta Ramsa.  
Ecclesia Kyrkcrist.  
c. 1376 Chron. Mann. Kyrkcrist.
1505 Bishop's Charter. Eccles. Scti. Trinit. in Leayre.
1515 Man. Roll. Parochia Scti. Trinit. Lezayre.
1587 Harl. MSS. Kirkchriste in the Ayre.
1648 Blundell Kirk Christ of Ayre.
1710 Dioc. Reg. Eccles. Paroch. Stae. et Individum Trinitatis Lezayre.
1712 Dioc. Comm. Bk. Eccles. Paroch. et Vicaria Scte. Trin. de Lezaire,
  Manx Skyll Creest ny Hayrey.


THE Church and Parish are dedicated to Christ or the Holy Trinity. The patronal fair was held on Tuesday before Trinity Sunday. We have an early record of a patronal festival in a Charter of Magnus King of Mann, to the Bishop of Mann and the Isles in 1257, when it was held on the Feast of the Invention of the Holy Cross. The latter festival is on May 3rd, but the Festival of the Holy Trinity is movable and may fall on any date between the middle of May and the middle of June. In early times there may have been a patronal festival held at the parish church on both dates. The parish of Kirk Christ Lezayre is bounded on the N. by Kirk Andreas and Kirk Bride, on the S. by Kirk Braddan, on the E. by Kirk Maughold, Kirk Lonan and the sea, and on the W. by Jurby, Ballaugh and Kirk Michael. The parish measures seven miles in length from N. to S., and five from E. to W., and contains 16276·789 acres ; being therefore the largest parish in the Island.

A large part of the town of Ramsey, which ranks next in size and importance to Douglas, is in this parish; as well as the important agricultural village of Sulby. The scenery of the parish is more diversified than any other in the Island, containing within its limits mountain, glen and plain ; and it is well watered, the largest river on the Island, the Sulby, having its outlet at Ramsey.

A large lake, Lough Mallow, existed here as late as the 17th century, of which the Abbot of Rushen had the fishing rights. The abbot held extensive lands in the parish, and the Chronicle of Mann records a monastery built on one of the innumerable islands in the Curragh, all traces of which have now disappeared.

v. Lezayre, under names.


Abbey Lands.
The following are the Abbeylands of Kirk Christ Lezayre in 1703: Glanduff, Nappin, Kerrow More, Grange, Knock Shemerick, Kella, Carrick, Nerindale and Ballamannaugh.
Aldyn (Glen) Treen..
1515 Man. Roll Altadale
1643 ,, ,,Glanaldin
Scand. Alptardalr, swan's glen.' The modern form is obviously a worn-down form of the older name. Rygh ('Norske Gaardnavne') says that these names probably arose from a fancied resemblance to the bird rather than from their actual presence. The first element is a common prefix in Norse names. Altedall, now Oltedal, in Norway.
Alia Sulby, Treen.
1515 Man. Roll Alia Soulby
1703 ,, ,, All. Sulby
'Other Sulby.' {When a large treen was sub-divided into two or more treens, the second sub-division usually bore the Latin prefix alia.
Alkest, Treen.
1515 Man. Roll Alkest
1703 Alkhest Scand. Alfgeirsstaðr, 'Alfgeirr's farm.'
Altadale, Treen.
1515 Man. Roll v. Aldyn.
Archdeacon's Close.
1703 Man. Roll
Ariny's Land, The.
1703 Man. Roll 'The Irishman's land.' v. Bearna Nernaugh.
Aust, Treen. .
1515 Man. Roll Auste
1703 ,, ,,' Aust, Oust
1741 Mon. Ins. Ause
Scand. Ottarsstaðr, 'Ottar's farm.' One of the quarterlands of this treen still bears the Gaelic name Ballacottier, q.v.
Awin Taggart.
'Taggart's river.' On Blockeary.
Awin y Cabbal.
'River of the chapel.' v. Cabbal Ballamanagh. On Ballamanagh.
Ballabrooie .
1643, 1703 Man. Roll Ballabroij
1809 Ballabroy
'Farm of the brink.' v. idem in Kirk Patrick. Now called Staward.
Ballacaly .
1515 Man. Roll Thos. McCaly
1643 Man. Roll Robt. Cally
1703 Ann Cally Ballacally
1781 Mon. Ins. Baley Caley (E. and W.) ' McCaly or Caley's farm' (Ir. MacEachmhilidh). Ballacarbery.
1643 Man. Roll Balla kerbra
1867 Wood Ballacarbery
There was probably a church here dedicated to St. Cairbre (Keeill Cairbre), v. Parish of Kirk Arbory. According to Wood, part of Balleigheragh.
Ballacarky Meddow.
1703 Man. Roll v. Ballakerka.
Ballachrink .
1643 Man. Roll Ballaknock Hill or hills farm.'
'Homestead of the white stone.' v. Clagh bane.
Ballacottier .
1515 Man. Roll Gibbon Mr.Otter
1643 Man. Roll Jo. Cottier
1703 Man. Roll John
1703 Man. Roll Ballacottier
'McOtter or Cottier's farm.' In the Chronicle of Mann, under date 1098, we read: "The same year a battle was fought between the Manx at Santwat, and they from the north obtained the victory. In this engagement were slain earls Ottar and MacMarus (Mac Manus?), the chiefs of both parties." It is possible that this Ottar gave his name to the treen of Aust, and that Gibbon MacOtter was his direct descendant.
Ballacowle .
1643 Man. Roll John Cowle
1703 Man. Roll Ballacowle
1717 Mon. Ins. Ballacowle
'Cowle's farm.' v. idem. in Kirk Bride
Ballacree. Particle.
1703 Man. Roll Ballnacree
1757 Dioc. Reg. Ballacree
1779 Mon. Ins. Balnachria
Mx. Balley ny cree, (nom. creagh), 'farm of the end or boundary.' (Ir. crioch, gen. criche). Boundary of Lezayre church glebe, and set down as such in 1757.
Ballacuberagh .
1643 Man. Roll Ballacoobragh
1760 Dioc. Reg. Balla Cooperaugh
There was an ancient church here, which Mr. P.M.C. Kermode thinks may have been dedicated to St. Cuthbert (Keeill Coobrågh). The orchard in which the church stood was called Magher keeill, 'church field;' a level sward between the road and the Sulby river, at a lower level, is known as Lheannee fo cheeil, 'meadow near the church ;' and another field on the N. is Magher heose keeill, 'field above the church.' v. 3rd Report, Manx Arch. Survey, 1911, p. 36.
Balladoole .
1643 Man. Roll Balladoile
'Doole or O'Doole's farm.' Lost surname. v. idem. in Kirk Arbory. It is probable that O'Doolaa or Mac-Doole became MacCoole in Manx. v. Close e Coile.
Ballagarrow .
1643 Man. Roll idem. Mx. Balley garroo, `rough farm.'
Ballakarka . Ab. F.
1703, Man. Roll Carrick, Ro. Curghy ne
1703, Man. Roll Carrick, the
1742 Dioc, Reg. Bal na Carkey
Mx. Balley ny carrickey ,'farm of the rock.'
The hill above the farm is known as the Carrick
Ballakillingan . Particle.
1760 Dioc. Reg. idem.
Mx. Balley keeill Ingan (Ir. Baile Cill Fhionain), ,farm of (St.) Fingan's church.' This saint's dedication date was (O.S.) Dec. 12th, (N.S.) Dec. 23rd. He was an abbot of Clonard in Meath. There were about 15 Irish saints named Finnian or Fingan, and it would have been difficult to say which of them had been venerated in Man, but for a combination of circumstances which conclusively proves that our Manx Finnian was the famous bishop of Clonard. Our first evidence is contained in an old Manx phrase in which his name and date of dedication are happily preserved: Faaid mooar moaney son oie'l Fingan, 'a big sod of turf for Fingan's feast eve.' Latterly St. Thomas' Day had been substituted for St. Fingan's, hence the slight discrepancy in dates, the former being Dec. 21st and the latter Dec. 23rd.
There was a fair formerly held at Ramsey on St. Thomas' Day, which was discontinued after 1834, and we may reasonably conjecture that this fair was anciently held at Keeill Ingan. For aspiration see Introduction.
'Farm of the white lake.'
Now Bolivia Mount.
Ballamanagh .
1703 Man. Roll Ballamannaugh
1760 Dioc. Reg. Ball na mainaugh
Mx. Balley ny maynagh, 'farm of the monks.' Ab. F.
'Turft' farm.' A modern name. Formerly Tallan more, q.v.
Ballaneary loc.Ballanaah .
The latter means 'ford farm,' and the former (Ord. Sur. Map) 'shieling farm.' As there is an old ford here, probably the local form is the correct one.
1643 Man. Roll idem.
'Skella or Skelly's farm.' (1515 McScaly). (Ir. Mac. Scalaighe).
1703 Man. Roll Ballavilly
'Tree farm.' v. idem in Kk. Santen.
1643 Man. Roll Baldromma
Mx. Balley yn drommey, 'farm of the ridge.'
Balleigh [balei']
1643 Man. Roll Ballet'
1741 Mon. Ins. Ballaih
1766 Ballaigh
'Leigh's homestead.' v. idem. in Kirk Andreas and Ballalheigh in Kirk Michael.
1703 Man. Roll Balleightraugh
1813 Mx, Adv. Ballaleitraugh Mx. Balley eeaghtyragh, 'lower farm.'
1719 Mon. Ins. Balnahown
1749 Mon. Ins. Balnahow
'Homestead of the river.'
Bare lhean.
1757 Dioc. Reg.
Mx. Bayr thean, 'broad road.' Boundary of Lezayre church glebe.
Barley Gate.
1703 Man. Roll
Bayr Jiarg .
'Red road.' N. end of Karrin, at Ballacuberagh Leads to the old Bayr Dowin from Kirk Michael, and thence to Slieau Maggle.
Bayr ny Hayrey
1869 Highway Accounts
Baare ny harry
'Road of the Ayre.' Leads to the Point of Ayre.
Bayr ny Ree.
v. Via Regis.
Beal na na Croft.
1703 Man. Roll
Mx. Beeal na naah, 'mouth of the fords.'
Bearna Nernaugh.
1703 Man. Roll Bearna Nernaugh
1757 Dioc. Reg. Bare ny Earnagh
Mx. Bayr ny Nerinagh, 'road of the Irishmen.' The older form suggests baarney, 'a gap.'
"Being Governor Ireland's rent."
(M.R. 1703). Boundary of Lezayre church glebe (D.R. 1757).
Black Banks.
On Snaefell.
Billey shiaght er y Wag.
'Seven o'clock tree.' A thorn tree which marks the hour like a sun-dial. In Glen Aldyn.
Black's Croft.
1703 Man. Roll
Blockeary .
1703 Man. Roll Blockayry
1741 Dioc. Reg. Blockirey
1794 G.R.P. Block Eirey
Scand. Blakkarg, 'black shieling.' From the colour of the peaty stream. Arg is a borrowing from Gaelic airigh.
Booley Agin.
1757 Dioc. Reg.
Mx. Bwoaillee aittin, 'gorse milking-fold.' Boundary Lezayre church glebe.
Boaley Clery.
1757 Dioc. Reg.
Mx. Bwoaillee yn chleyree, 'the clerk's fold.' Lezayre church glebe.
Boaly Glass.
1643 Man. Roll Boaly Glass
1786 Dioc. Reg.
Bwooley Glash
'Green fold.'
Boaly Vane.
1703 Man. Roll 'White fold.'
Booley Taggart.
1757 Dioc. Reg.
Mx. Bwoaillee yn taggyrt, the parson or priest's fold.' Lezayre church glebe.
Bowers Close.
1703 Man. Roll
Braid e glonna.
1703 Man. Roll Braid e Glonna
1757 Dioc. Reg. Braid y Glhianney
Mx. Braaid ny glionney, 'gorge of the glen or valley.'
1703 Man. Roll Bravost
1823 ,, ,,Glan Brafost
Scand. Brantarstaðr,'road farm.' This was probably the old names of the farms of Clanagh and Cooilbane. The road, which must be very ancient, is on the original track from Ballaugh to Ramsey.
Brecky .
1882 Brown's Dir. 'Speckled place.'
Mx. Breck-woaillee, 'speckled cattle-fold.' On Ballamannagh.
Brerick, Treen. Lost.
1515 Man. Roll Breryk
1703 Brerick
Scand. Breivik, 'broad bay.' Apparently the old name of Ramsey bay, at the mouth of the Sulby Liver.
Bridge Croft.
1703 Man. Roll Bryseth, Ab. L. Boundary. c. 1376 Chron. Mann.
Scand. Briasasetr, 'Brüsi's shieling.' The Glentrammon stream is so called in the abbeyland boundaries, and it probably took its name from a shieling situated above the glen.
1703 Man. Roll
Scand Brissatün, 'Brusi's homestead.' v. Bryseth. Brystone was an intack belonging to Ballacarkey. 'In the mountains.'
Bullrenney .
Mx. Boayl rhennee, 'ferny place.'
Bwooley glass.
1786 Dioc. Reg.
'Grey or green milking-fold.'
Cabbal, The.
This chapel, the ruins of which may still be seen on Ballamanagh, was probably dedicated to S. John the Baptist (Keeill Eoin or Cabbal Eoin).
"We learned that a mode of divination was formerly practised here by people curious to know who was to be taken during the ensuing twelve-months. They visited the keeill on St. John's Eve and watched at midnight. One year 21 little lights came dancing up the glen ; it was the year of the 'great epidemic' and there were 21 deaths that year." (The Mx. Arch.Survey, 4th Report, 1915, p. 7).
Cappagh, Kappagh, The.
1703 Man. Roll
Ir. Ceabach, 'a tillage plot.'
Carrett's Curragh.
1703 Man. Roll
v. Ballagarrett in Kirk Bride.
Carrin Croft.
1703 Man. Roll Probably for Cairn Croft.
Carrett's Miln.
'Castle of the enclosure.' On Close Slieau.
Chibbyr Karrin .
'Karrin or (St.) Ciaran's well.' This well adjoins the little church on Corrody farm, which was probably dedicated to a St. Ciaran, of whom there were many. But two ot these saints were more distinguished than the others, St. Ciaran of Clonmacnoise and St. Ciaran of Ossory. It is significant that the surname Mylecharaine is found in the neighbourhood, from Ir. Mac Giolla Ciardin, 'son of Ciaran's servant.'
Christian bane's croft.
1703 Man. Roll
'Fair Christian's (surname) croft.'
Christian's Close.
1703 Man. Roll Christian's Meddow.
1703 Man. Roll
1779 Dioc. Reg. idem.
A small community near the parish church.
Claddagh, The.
1703 Man. Roll Cloddaugh, the 'The river meadow-land.'
Claghag, The.
1757 Dioc. Reg.
'The ford.' Stepping stones across a stream. Lezayre church glebe.
Clagh bane.
1643 Man. Roll Clough bane
1741 Mon. Ins. Ballyclaghbane
1752 Mon. Ins.Balclaghban
1791 Mon. Ins.Ballaclaghbane -White stone.'
Clagh hoit .
'Set or upright stone.' Often applied to a monolith. Where the boundaries of Kirk Christ Lezayre, Kirk Lonan and Kirk Maughold meet.
Clagh y dooinney marroo .
'The stone of the dead man.' Tradition says that a man was waylaid and murdered here, and his body left naked on this stone. In Glen Aldyn.
Clanaugh .
1643 Man. Roll Clenough, Cleanaugh
1703 Man. Roll Cleynaugh
'The slope.' v. Clanner in Kirk Santan.
Clarke's Gate.
1703 Man. Roll Cleark's Gleeb.
1703 Man. Roll Near Glentrammon.
Cleigh yn Arragh.
This is a very extensive ancient earthwork, to which the name cleigh, 'rampart,' is properly applied. Arragh may be Gael. eirbhe, with extension in -ach (O. Ir. airbe), which has the same meaning as cleigh. The latter would be added when the meaning of arragh was forgotten. v. Ballaharra in Kirk German.
Cloddaugh Miln.
1703 Man. Roll v. Claddagh.
Close a Vair.
1703 Man. Roll
Mx. Close y vayr, 'enclosure of the road.'
Close Begg.
1703 Man. Roll 'Small enclosure.'
Close Donald.
1703 Man. Roll 'Donald's enclosure.'
Close a Nolly.
1703 Man. Roll
Mx. Close yn ollee, 'enclosure of the cattle (ollagh).'
Close Chirrym.
'Dry close.' Formerly an island in the Curragh. v. The Dry Closes,
Close e Cashin.
1882 Brown's Dir.
'Cashen's close.' (Ir. Mac Caisin).
Close e Coile.
1703 Man. Roll
'Coile or Cooil's enclosure.' (Ir. Mac Dhubhghaill).
Close Edmond.
1703 Man. Roll 'Edmond's enclosure.'
Close e Gell or Geill.
1703 Man. Roll
'Gell'senclosure.' v. Ballagale in Kirk Christ Rushen.
Close e Kee.
1643 Man. Roll jo. Kee
1703 Man. Roll Arthur Moore and jony Kee his wife.
1703 Man. Roll Close e Kee
'Kee's enclosure.' (Ir. Mac Aodha or Mac Aoddh).
Close e Kewne.
1643 Man. Roll jo. Kewne
1703 Man. Roll Close e Kewne
1870 Ord. Sur. Map Closeakewin
'Kewne's enclosure.' (Ir. Mac Eain). "Now called Cottier's Croft" (1703 Man. Roll).
Close e Killip.
1703 Man. Roll
'Killip's enclosure.' (Ir. Mac Fhilip).
Close e Nellan .
1703 Man. Roll Close e Nellan
1870 Ord. Sur. Map Close an Allan
Mx. Close yn ellan, 'enclosure of the island.' In the Curragh. v. Green island and Tres insulas. "Or Green Island" (Man. Roll 1703)
Close e Nergid or Nargid.
1703 Man. Roll
Mx. Closeyn argid, 'enclosure of the silver or money.'
Close e Volley .
Mx. Close y vollee, 'enclosure of the bollagh or old road.' Going through the Curragh.
Close ff ere
1703 Man. Roll
'Close of the fair.' No indication given as to situation. Perhaps near the parish church.
Close Hom.
1703 Man. Roll
'Tom's enclosure.'
Close Home.
1703 Man. Roll
'Home's enclosure.' A surname found in the parish in the 18th century.
Close Hommy Vane.
1757 Dioc. Reg.
'Fair Tommy's enclosure.' Boundary of Lezayre church glebe.
Close Kewney begg.
1703 Man. Roll
'Little Kewney's enclosure' (Ir. Mac Gëibhcannaigh). "In the Curragh."
Close Knaele.
1703 Man. Roll
'Knaele or Kneale's enclosure.' Old Manx McNale (Ir. Mac Nëill).
Close Kilnabrickey.
1703 Man. Roll v. Killabraggah.
Close Mannaugh.
1703 Man. Roll
Mx. Close ny maynagh, 'enclosure of the monks.'
Close Mollaugh.
1703 Man. Roll
'Rough enclosure.'
Close Mooar
1703 Man. Roll Close moar
'Great enclosure.'
Close na Crappan.
1703 Man. Roll
'Enclosure of the hillock or small hill.' (Ir. Cnapdn).
Close na Gaule.
1703 Man. Roll
'Enclosure of the strangers.'
Close ne leana.
1703 Man. Roll
'Enclosure of the meadow.' "In the Curragh."
Close ne Mona.
1703 Man. Roll
'Enclosure of the turbary or turf-pit.'
Close ne Howne.
1703 Man. Roll
'Enclosure of the river (ny havvin).'
Close Noa.
1703 Man. Roll
'New enclosure.'
Closes, The big.
1703 Man. Roll Close Slieau.
'Mountain enclosure.'
Close Vark.
1703 Man. Roll 'Mark's close.'
Cluggid, The.
'The gullet' (sluggid, yn cluggid). The name of a narrow stream, a tributary of the Sulby river.
Conney Frangagh .
'Place of French gorse.' French usually indicates large. Ballure Glen.
Conolye s Close.
1703 Man. Roll (Ir. O Conghalaigh).
Cooilbane .
1643 Man. Roll Coileban
1699 Mon. Ins. Colbane
1760 Dioc. Reg. Quoil bane
'White corner.' There are scores of huge white quartz boulders in a hedge here, extending 150 yards and in some places forming an avenue.
Coole e Voddy.
1703 Man. Roll Coole e Voddy
1804 Man. Roll Cooil e Vody
Mx. Cooill y voddee, 'corner of the dog.'
Coolebane Meddow.
v. Cooilbane.
v. idem. in Kirk Maughold.
Cor ny greg.
'Hollow of the rocks.' On the Close.
Corrack, Treen.
1515 Man. Roll Corrack
1703 Man. Roll Corrack or Corrony
1703 Man. Roll Rock, the
Mx. Carrick, 'a rock.' The name of a hill. v. Balla. karka.
Corrony or Corrody.
1643 Man. Roll Corony
There are the ruins of a little church here which was probably dedicated to St. Ciaran, and the name Corrony is a probable corruption. v. Chibbyr Karrin, Mount Karrin.
Corrony or Corrody Keeill.
v. Corrony and Chibbyr Karrin.
Cosh ny hushtaghyn.
'Foot of the waters.'
Cosh na mona.
1703 Man. Roll
'Foot or end of the turbary.'
Cottier's Croft and Close.
1643 Man. Roll Dan Cottier
1703 Man. Roll Tho. Cottier
1703 Man. Roll Cottier's Croft v. Ballacottier.
Coull Glen [kaul].
'Hazel glen.
Cowls, The.
'The corner.' Glen Aldyn.
Craige s Close.
1643 Man. Roll Finlo Corraige
1703 Close a Corraige
1703 Craige's Closa v. Ballacorage in Ballaugh.
Craigmooar .
1703 Man. Roll Creg more or vore
1742 Dioc. Reg. Cregvoar 'Great rock.'
Crammag [kramag].
1703 Man. Roll Crammagg
'Little hill.' v. Introduction, p. xxi. Name of a farm, glen and stream.
Crappans, The (Also Knappans, Knappanes and Nappans.)
1703 Man. Roll
'The hillocks, knobs, etc.' (Ir. Cnaj5ån). "In the Curragh."
Creg Bane .
,White rock.' v. Karraycheth.
1643 Man. Roll 'Rocky place.'
Creggan yn arragh.
'Craggy place of the rampart.' v. Cleigh yn arragh. On Druidale, near the river.
Creg Keeill Bouyr.
1911 Mx. Arch. Survey, 3rd Report
'Rock of the deaf church.' v. Croak ny Keeill Bouyr.
Crag Lheeah.
'Grey rock.' In Glen Aldyn.
Creg ny goayr .
'Rock of the goats.' In Glen Aldyn.
Creg ny Souney .
'The rock of (the) Hollantide.' It is said that after November the sun does not shine on this rock. In Glen Aldyn.
Crenaugh Vore, Creenagh vore.
1703 Man. Roll
'Great withered-land.' v. Creenaugh in Kirk Arbory.
Croit veg .
'Little croft.' Ballamannagh.
Croit y thaa .
Probably should be Croit y staa, 'the croft of the staa,' i.e. three men who were formerly employed in building a sod fence. Ballamannagh.
Cronk breck.
'Speckled hill.' Glen Aldyn.
Cronkgarroo .
1703 Man. Roll Knock Garrow
1882 Brown's Dir. Cronk Arrow 'Rough hill.'
Cronk Knowle .
v. Leabba Ankonalhay.
Cronk ny keeill bouyr.
1901 Yn Lioar Manninagh.
'The hill of the deaf church.' This seems to be an alternative designation for Creg keeill bouyr (q.v.) In dealing with Irish names containing the word 'deaf' Joyce makes the following observation" In the village of Killeagh there is a peculiarity which perhaps gives the key to the explanation of the names of all, viz : it has a fine echo, "affording," as Smith remarks (Hist. Cork, 1., 156), "seven or eight repercussions from the same sound." If this be the origin of the name, perhaps the glen was so-called because you have to speak loudly to it, and you get aloud voiced reply, exactly as happens when you speak to a deaf person."
But whether we can accept this explanation of these names as satisfactory or not, the following note by Feltham is of interest: "The glions, gills or valleys afford fine echoes; on the north side of Skie-hill there is a remarkable one." Cronk ny keeill bouyr is a tumulus on this hill.
Cronk Raugh. .
'Red hill.' v. Rozelean.
Cronk Sumark .
1703 Man. Roll Knock Shemerick
Scand. Skammhryggr, 'short ridge.' With Gaelic knock or cronk added. Popular etymology is responsible for its present form 'Cronk Sumark,' meaning 'Primrose Hill.' Ab. F.
Cronk y keeillee.
'Hill of the churchyard,' (keeillagh). Corrody.
Crot a Greasy.
1703 Man. Roll
'Croft of the shoemaker or cobbler.' (Mx. greasee).
Crot a Voillan.
1703 Man. Roll
Croit ny voillan,
'croft of the gulls.'
Crot e Keig,
1703 Man. Roll
'Keig's croft.' (Ir. Mac Thaidhg).
Crott e Kewney.
1703 Man. Roll
'Kewney's croft.' v. Close Kewney begg.
Crot inny Killey.
1703 Man. Roll
'Croft of Killey's daughter.' Inney is the feminine of mac as a prefix to surnames.
Crott Greys
'Croft of Grest.'
Crot na Mooghill.
1703 Man. Roll
'Croft of the boys or shepherds' (Mx. bochil). "A parcel in the mountains." (M.R. 1703)
Crot na muck
1703 Man. Roll 'Croft of the pigs.'
Crot ne Garnane.
1703 Man. Roll
'Croft of the carnanes or little cairns.'
Crot ne Howne.
1703 Man. Roll
'Croft of the river (ny havvin).'
Crott a Curleod.
1703 Man. Roll
'Corletts croft.' A hybrid surname. Old Manx Mccorleot. From Gaelic mac,'son,' and Scand. propan' name Th6rlj6tr.
Crott e Quill.
1703 Man. Roll
'Quill's croft.' (Ir. Mac Cuill).
Crott Vessy.
1703 Man. Roll Wm. Knaele Vessy
,, ,,„ Crott Vessy
'Bessy's croft.' Bessy was probably the holder's mother.
Cunnery's Croft.
1703 Man. Roll
v. Ballacunner in Kirk Andreas.
Curragh, The .
'The mire or swamp.' Its Norse name was Mirescog, q.v. It is often referred to in the Manorial Rolls as the mires.'
Curragh na mona, 1703 Man. Roll 'Mire of the turbary.'
Curraugh beg.
1703 Man. Roll 'Little mire.'
Curraugh Croft.
1703 Man., Roll
Curraugh Mollaugh.
1703 Man. Roll 'Rough mire.'
Daleveitch .
1741 Dioc. Reg. Dol Vet
1747 ,, of Delvate
Mx. Dayll vaiht,'drowned dale.' This word is often applied, in Irish names, to land on the banks of a river which is liable to be submerged or inundated in wet weather.
This exactly describes this estate on the W. bank of the Sulby river, where the water flows through level swampy land. v. Dal ny killey.
Dal na Killey.
1703 Man. Roll
'Dale of the church.' Dal is a borrowing from the Scandinavian.
"Capt. John Christian of Milntown and John Curghey of the Carrick (Ballakarka) new water corn mill to be built on that part of John Curphey's estate called Dal na Killey." (M.R. 1703).
Da Rade.
1757 Dioc. Reg.
,Two roads' (Daa raad.) On Lezayre Church glebe.
Dane's Fort.
1719 Cas. Rush. Papers In Ramsey.
Deemster s Close, The.
1703 Man. Roll Deemster's Curragh.
1703 Man. Roll Derry.
'An oak-wood or place of oaks' (Ir. doire). In Glen Aldyn.
Dhoor, The .
1770 Trust Deed Dowa Mx. Doo-aah, 'black ford.'
Dooa's Meddow
1703 Man. Roll v. Dhoor, the.
Dobbaghin e close noa.
1805 Manx Advt.
'Place of pools (dubbaghan) of the new close.'
,Daly's ridge' (Ir. ODalaig
Drim Vane, The.
1703 Man. Roll 'The white ridge.'
Drim Arridall.
1703 Man. Roll
'Arridall ridge.' v. Narradale.
Droghad y whallag .
The latter element is obscure. It may be quaillag, 'a fly;' i.e. 'the bridge of the fly,' or rather flies,' where one implies a number. Such names were given to marshy land where shoals of flies and midges are found in warm weather.
Drone .
1703 Man. Roll Drinn, the
1742 Dioc. Reg. Droin
1870 Ord. Sur. Map Drone
1882 Brown's Dir. Druin, the
'The hump or hill.' The early forms are dative.
Druidale .
'Druid dale.' A modern name. A. W. Moore (Mx. Names) says that the old name was Eary Kelly, i.e., 'Kelly's shieling.'
Dry Close.
1703 Man. Roll Dry Closes, the
1882 Brown's Dir. Dry-close v. Close chirrym.
Dry Hill Gate.
1703 Man. Roll
Dub y wuigh.
'Dub or pool of the yellow.' Probably the water is impregnated with iron.
Dufloch Ab. L. Boundary.
c. 1376 Chron. Mann.
Ir. Dubh-loch, Mx. Doo-logh,'black lake;' now represented by the place-names Dollagh and Lough doo. v. Hesca na appayze.
Duppola. Ab. L. Boundary.
c. 1376 Chron. Mann.
Mx. Doo-poyllagh, 'black pool-place.' (poyll, 'a pool.') Probably the source of the Block Eary stream referred to as the rivulet.'
Mx. Eary bane, 'white shieling.'
Earykellue .
1643 Man. Roll Arikillew
1703 Ary Killooe
1760 Dioc. Reg. Airy Kellew
'Kellue s shieling.' Containing obscure surname. It is also possible that keeill, 'a church,' followed by the name of a saint may be involved. There is no sign of an ecclesiastical building here now.
Edmond's Close.
1703 Man. Roll Edm. Crow.
'West or back field.' Field on Narradale.
Ellan a ffoillan.
1703 Man. Roll
Mx. Ellan y foillan, 'isle of the gull.'
Ellan Bane .
1703 Man. Roll Nellan bane
'White island.' v. Tres insulas.
Ffir moss.
1703 Man. Roll
' A miry place where fir-trees grew.' In 1703 there were 36 intack holders in "the ffir moss."
Flax Croft.
1703 Man. Roll
'Under or near (the) church.' On Ballacuberagh.
Garey .
1643 Man. Roll Gary, the
1779 Dioc. Reg. Garey
v. Garey Rheney in Kirk Arbory.
Garry bane (vane).
1703 Man. Roll
Mx. Garee bane, 'white garey.'
Garrett's Meddow.
1703 Man. Roll
v. Ballagarrett in Kirk Bride.
1703 Man. Roll 'Big garee.'
Gate ne leaij.
1703 Man. Roll
Mx. Gat ny lheiy, 'road of the calves.' Gat, 'a road,' is common in the North of the Island. In a few cases it is undoubtedly a relic of Norse times, but in most cases it is probably a dialect word introduced from Lancashire. It is, in any case, of Scandinavian extraction.
Gate a Vanney.
1703 Man. Roll
Mx. Gat y vainney, 'road of the milk.'
Gat, The.
1703 Man. Roll 'The road.'
Gaul's Close, The.
1703 Man. Roll v. Close na gaule.
Gibbon's Croft (also Gybbon's).
1703 Man. Roll
Gill, The [gil].
'The ravine.' Scand. gil. A loan-word.
Ginger Hall.
1869 Highway Accounts.
Glen Auldyn .
v. Aldyn.
Glenduff . Ab. F.
1703 Man. Roll Glanduff
Mx. Glion doo (Ir. Gleann dubh) 'Black or dark glen.'
Glen Mooar.
1643 Man. Roll Glanmore
'Great glen.' Now Sulby Glen.
Glentrammon. Ab. L. Boundary.
c. 1376 Chron. Mann. Glen-na-droman
1703 Man. Roll Glantraman
Ir. Gleann na d-troman,'the glen of the elder or trammon trees.' v. note on eclipsis in Introduction. East and West Glentrammon.
Glen y killey.
1757 Dioc. Reg.
'Glen of the church.' Boundary of Lezayre church glebe.
Glion Keeill Vail .
'Glen of Michael's church.' Near the head of Glen Aldyn. Mr. P.M.C. Kermode says: "This must refer to the little glen formed by a stream from Barrule run-ning Northward from the mountain road, and opening into a larger glen between Ballamanagh and Balleigh-teragh." v. Mx. Arch. Sur. 3rd Report, 1911, p. 36.
Glion ny billey gorm.
'The glen of the blue trees.'
"One of the last haunts of the fairies, and the trysting place with his mortal sweetheart of that unfortunate who, for not presenting himself at the Rehollys vooar yn Ouyr (the great harvest moonlight) in Glen Rushen, was banished from fairydom and converted into the hairy monster known as the Phynnoderee." (Lioar Man.,Vol. ii, p. 88). In Glen Aldyn.
Glion y taggart (in ye mountains).
1749 Dioc. Reg.
Either the priest's glen' or 'Taggart's glen.'
Glonmore Miln.
1703 Man. Roll
v. Glen Mooar.
Glonoldin gill.
1703 Man. Roll
v. Aldyn and Gill.
Gob Carrin.
1703 Man. Roll
'Point or mouth of the cairn.' v. Mount Karrin. "In the mountains."
Gob e volly .
1703 Man. Roll Gob a volly
Mx. Gob y vollee, 'point of the old road or bollagh.' Opposite the old road going through the Curragh. Part of Slieau Volley.
Gob ne gree.
1703 Man. Roll
'Point of the ends or boundaries.' Mx. creagh (Ir. crioch).
Gob ny meayl .
'Point of the bare or bald spot.' Glen Aldyn.
Gob y Kinowyr .
Mx. Gob y ching ouyr, 'point of the dun end (kione).' Ouyr (Ir. odhar) signifies a dun colour, a pale grey, or light brown. Field, on Narradale.
Goldsmith's Close.
1703 Man. Roll Pattoone Goldsmith.
Goose Corner.
1703 Man. Roll
Goose Meddow. 1703 Man. Roll
Grangee . Ab. F.
1703 Man. Roll Grange
1788 Mon. Ins. Grange, the
v. Ballagrangey in Kirk Malew.
Gray Butt, The.
1703 Man. Roll
Gray Coane, The.
1703 Man. Roll
Mx. coan, 'hollow, small valley.'
Great Meddow.
1703 Man. Roll
Green Island.
1703 Man. Roll
Mx. Ellan glass . v. Close e Nellan and Tres insulas.
Grest Close.
1703 Man. Roll
v. infra.
Grest, Treen.
1511, 1703 idem (also Greijs)
1869 Highway Accounts Greyst
Scand. Grettisstaðr, 'Grettir's farm.' v. Gretch in Kirk Lonan.
Hangman's hill.
1627 C.R.P.
The night-watch for the parish of Kirk Christ Lezayre was kept here. Mr. W. Cubbon suggests that it was the hill overlooking the N. end of the Mooragh.
Hard Meddow.
1703 Man. Roll
This name has been obtained orally, and, as no early form has been found, it is difficult to say what was its original meaning, and how much it has been corrupted. The second element may be aah, 'a ford;' and the first a personal name.
Hath Aryg e gormane. Ab. L. Boundary.
c. 1376 Chron. Mann.
In Ath airigh Ui Gornidin, 'the ford of O'Gorman's shieling.' In a charter of Magnus, son of Olave, drawn up at Ramsey in 1257 on the Feast of the Invention of the Holy Cross, we find Gormand the parson as one of the witnesses, and it is probable that he was the vicar of Kirk Christ Lezayre at that time, and that he, or some of his relatives, held this shieling. The day on which the document was signed would be the patron day of the parish, and there would be a sacred service held in the church which would be followed by a fair in the church-yard or some land adjoining thereto. The ford was probably somewhere on the Block Eary stream, at some point before it enters the Sulby river, and the shieling would be Block Eary, q.v.
Heath Close.
1703 Man. Roll Close Reij
„ ,, ,,Heath Close
Mx. Close reoaie, (freoagh, gen. freoaie).
Hesca na appayze, Hescanakeppage, Ab. L. Boundary.
c. 1376 Chron. Mann.
Ir. Uisge an afiadh, 'the abbot's water.' The orthography of the scribal forms is peculiar, but it seems evident that the interpretation given above is the correct one. In Cormac's Glossary, esc, an older form of uisge or uisge, is found.
This name was apparently an alternative designation for Malar Loch or Loch Malar, a large lake within the abbey land boundaries.
In 1257 Magnus, son of Olave, granted the following lands to the Bishop of Mann and the Isles: S. Patrick's Isle, Kilcrist, and half of the fishery in Muschoch (Mirescog). This charter is confirmed by Lord Thomas, Earl of Derby, Lord of Mann and the Isles in 1505. In 1703 we find that Mrs. Margrett Christian of the Nunnery held Lough Mallow, showing that even at that time it was regarded as abbey property. From all this it would appear that the fishing rights in Malar Loch belonged to the Abbot, and the fishing rights in Dufloch (now Dollagh), within the Bishop's domains, belonged to the Bishop.
1869 Highway Accounts
Inner Close.
1703 Man. Roll
Mx. fean,'darnel.' Field on Ballamanagh.
1745 Mon. Ins. fiarg-rhennee, 'red ferny place.'
John Home's Croft.
1703 Man. Roll , v. Close Home.
Karraycheth. Ab. L. Boundary.
c. 1376 Chron. Mann.
Mx. Carrick y chiyt, Ir. Carraig a'chait, 'rock of the cat.' Our historians do not mention wild-cats, but several place-names suggest that they were found in Man, in common with the rest of Britain. v. Cronk y chiyt in Kk. Braddan and Creg ny gat in Kk. Michael. Carrigacat is found in Cork, and Carrickacat in Mayo. This rock is probably identifiable with a huge quartz crag, now called Creg bane, near the summit of Sheau Maynagh. It is 264 feet in circumference.
Keeill Phoogan (Phoogan, Pooighyn, Pooghagh or Poogeragh).
The name of a small holding on Ballagarrow. All remains of the church have disappeared, but graves have been met with in ploughing. The name, which probably represents a saint, is much corrupted. Per-haps Fionnghan of Diaman, whose dedication date was October 24th.
Keeill Vail or Vichal.
'Michael's church.' v. Glion Keeill Vail.
Kella Ab. F. (East and West).
1703 Man. Roll Kella
1721 Mon. Ins. Kelly, the
Scand. Kaldey, cold isle.' This estate, which juts northwards into the Curragh, must have been quite insu lated in the 12th century. In the Abbey Land bound-aries of Kirk Christ Lezayre this estate, with Close Chirrym, is referred to as "the old dry land," v. Vetus siccus.
Keon a Cleynaugh.
1703 Man. Roll
'End of the slope.' v. Clanaugh.
Keonlough Close.
1703 Man. Roll 'Lake end enclosure.'
Kerroo Mooar Ab. F.
1703 Man. Roll Kerrow More
'Great quarterland.'
Kerrow ne cregg.
1643 Man. Roll 'Quarterland of the rock.'
Kewney's Close.
1703 Man. Roll Wm. Kewney begg „
,, ,,Kewney's Close
1703 Man. Roll Killabricky
1757 Dioc. Reg. Killey briggey
1761 „ „ Killibricka
1870 Ord. Sur. Map Killabraggah
Little Gate, The
1703 Man. Roll Little Meddow.
1703 Man. Roll
Loghan ny guiy
1703 Man. Roll Loughan a geij
1764 Dioc. Reg. Loughan e yie
'Pond of the goose or geese.'
Long Croft.
1703 Man. Roll Loughan.
1703 Man. Roll 'Pond, small lake.'
Lough Mollo
1595 Durham Malar Lough
1703 Man. Roll Lough Mallow
The Man. Roll form is probably more correct than Durham's, as many of the latter's forms are notoriously mis-spelt. Apparently from Irish Magh-loch 'lake of the plain,' and lough added later when the original meaning had been forgotten. The construction of this name and Dubh-loch (v. Dufloch) show that they belong to the pre-Norse period, the specific word being placed first and the generic last, as in Mod. Ir. these would be . Loch dubb and Loch an mhaighe.
The lake has now disappeared, but the name is still preserved in Lough Mollo road and bridge.
v. Hesca na appayze.
Lough Pharick
'Patrick's lake.'
Lower Croft.
1703 Man. Roll
Magher bane.
1757 Dioc. Reg.
'White field.' Boundary Lezayre church glebe.
Magher eayil
'Lime (kiln) field.' On Ballaskella.
Magher keeill.
Church field.' Glen Aldyn.
Magher ny hoaieghyn.
'Field of the graves.' Ancient churchyard and remains of church here. On Skyhill.
Magher Simon.
'Simon's field.' Field on Ballamanagh.
Magher y chree.
'Field of the end or boundary.' Glen Aldyn.
Magher y Corra.
'Field of the hollow.'
Mx. Coiyvey, 'a cauldron.' In place-names a round cauldron-like hollow. On Druidale
McAweey's Croft.
1703 Man. Roll
McFayle's Close.
1703 Man. Roll
Meddow, The.
1703 Man. Roll
Middle Curraugh.
1703 Man. Roll
Middle Miln,
1703 Man. Roll
Mill of Alia Altadale.
1515 Man. Roll Mill of Altadale.
1515 Man. Roll Altadale, Mill of
1703 ,, ,,„ Miln
Mill of Soulby.
1515 Man. Roll Soulby, Mill of
1703 ,, ,,Sulby Miln
Miln Croft.
1703 Man. Roll
Milntown, Particle .
1643 Man. Roll Milntown
1703 „ Mullentowne 'Mill town or farm.' English name.
Mirescog. Ab. L. Boundary.
c. 1376 Chron. Mann. Myrosco, Myrosko, Mirescohe.
Scand. Myrarsk6gr, 'miry wood.' In the Chronicle called Boscus de Myrosco, the wood or thicket of M.' Now the Curragh.
Mona Kewne.
1703 Man. Roll 'Kewne's turbary.'
Mona Quay.
1703 Man. Roll 'Quay's turbary.'
1703 Man. Roll 'Place of the turbary.'
Mona vocky.
1703 Man. Roll 'Pig's turbary.'
Mooragh .
1703 Man. Roll Moraugh, Mouragh
1858 ,, ,,Mooraugh
Mooir, sea;' with locative suffix. Waste land near the sea. According to P. W. Joyce it is derived from muir, 'sea,' and magh, 'a plain;' i.e. sea-plain;' which he deduces from the form murmhagh, found in the Book of Rights.
Monaugh Curragh.
1703 Man. Roll 'Turbary mire.'
Mount Karrin .
'(St.) Ciaran's mount.' v. Corrony. The local pronunciation is interesting, as it indicates the old genitive case:-Ir. Nom. Ciaran, Gen. Ciarain.
Mullen a Tarnmag.
1703 Man. Roll
'Mill of the bush.' "Rent for a water-course to the Abby Miln called Mullen a Tammag the said miln being on the Sergeant of the Abby Lands charge being v.s rent." (M.R. 1703).
Mullen Smeare.
1703 Man. Roll
Mx. Mwyllin ny smeyr, 'mill of the blackberries.'
Mx. Mullagh y vagher, 'top of the field.' Field on Ballamanagh.
Mullagh y Sniaul .
,Summit of Snaefell.'
Mwyllin ny haash.
'Mill of the hill.' v. Ashole in Kirk Santan. A field close to the mouth of the Cluggid, opposite Karrin gate.
Mwyllin ny moddey.
1782 C.R.P. Dog's Mill
'Mill of the dogs.' Now called the Dog Mills.
Myre Croft.
1703 Man. Roll
Nappin . Ab. F.
1703 Man. Roll Idem Ir. Cnapdn, 'a knob-like hill.'
Narradale . Ab. F.
1703 Man. Roll Nerindale, Arridall
1714 Mon. Ins. Aridale
1742 Dioc. Reg. Airydale
1755 ,, Airy-dale
1760 ,, Nardale
Scand. Arg or Ergdalr, 'shieling dale.' With Manx article yn (Ir. an). v. Blockeary.
Narrow Close.
1703 Man. Roll
Nard Vane, The
1703 Man. Roll
Mx. Yn ard vane, the white height.'
1756 Mon. Ins. Nary Mx. Yn eary, the shieling.'
Nellan, The.
1703 Man. Roll
Mx. Yn ellan, the island.'
Meaning obscure. Perhaps Noa raad, new road.' Ballamannagh.
New Gate.
1703 Man. Roll
Noalt doo, Nolkdooe.
1703 Man. Roll
Mx. yn alt doo, 'the black cliff or glen-side.'
Nught Vane.
1703 Man. Roll
Mx. Yn Ught vane, 'the white hill-breast.'
Ny veidyn.
Probably Ny faaieaghyn,'the flats or greens.' Balla-0
Ormly Hall.
Modern name for Ballaclaghbane. Lezayre.
Outer Close.
1703 Man. Roll Over Close.
1703 Man. Roll Particles.
In the Man. Roll the particles of this parish are as follows: Milntown, Ballakillingan, Glantroman, Balla-cree, Glanduff.
Park Arthur.
'Arthur's pasture-field.'
Penny Croft.
1703 Man. Roll Penny Nook, The
1703 Man. Roll
Penny Pot .
This mountain name is obscure. It is probably an
old name although no early forms are found. It is usually translated 'turf peak,' but this should be in Manx Beinn yn oid, and as the phonetics are as indicated above, this interpretation is impossible.
Pinfold Croft.
1703 Man. Roll
Rule, The.
1870 Ord. Sur. Map Modern (?)
Rullick chibbyr roan slaynt.
'The cemetery of the well of the hollow of health.' Cronk Sumark.
Rush Close.
1703 Man. Roll
Sayle's Land.
1703 Man. Roll
Silver Lane.
1703 Man. Roll
Skyal .
c. 1376 Chron. Mann. Scacafell
1627 C.R.P. Scayhold
1702 Sacheverell Skeyal
1738 Dioc. Reg. Skyalt
1870 Ord. Sur. Map Sky Hill
Scand. Skdgarfjall, 'wooded hill.' A battle is recorded near here in 1079. The day-watch was kept here for the parish of Kirk Christ Lezayre.
Slieau Karrin.
Said to mean 'cairn mountain' from a natural mound on the summit, about 25 feet high on E.S.E., which, from a distance, resembles an artificial cairn.
Slieau Managh .
1643 Man. Roll Slewmanagh
Mx. Slieau ny maynagh, 'mountain of the monks.' On the Abbeylands.
Slieau Ouyr .
1703 Man. Roll Slew oure 'Dun mountain.'
Slieau Volley .
'Mountain of the old road (bollagh).' v, Gob e volly
Small Meddow.
1703 Man. Roll Snaefell [snfi'fel]. Manx form Sniaul [snja:l]. Scand. Sncefjall, 'snow mountain.' This name may have been given to the mountain by immigrants from Iceland. It is the highest mountain in Man, as its namesake probably is in Iceland. There was much traffic between the kingdom of Mann and the Isles and Iceland in early times.
Staward .
A name given by the Bacon family to a farm in Sulby, being the name of their estate in Northumberland. "Joseph Bacon, son of John Bacon, of Staward in Northum., Esq. Died 14th May, 1728, aged 34."-Mon. Ins. v. Ballabrooie.
Sulaby, River of. Ab. L. Boundary.
c. 1376 Chron. Mann. Amnis de Sulaby v. Sulby, Treen.
Sulby, Treen.
c. 1376 Chron. Mann. Sulaby
1515 Man. Roll Soulby
1703 Sulby Scand. Sõlabyr, 'Soli's estate.'
Tallan more.
1703 Man. Roll
Ir. An t-oilean snor, the great island.' Now Ballamona, q.v. v. also Tres Insulas.
Mx. Shenn thalloo, 'old plot.' Glen Aldyn.
Mx. Toccar [togyr],a causeway' A pathway made across a boggy place with various kinds of material. Three fields on Ballamannagh.
Tholt mean.
'The middle little-hill.' This word is also applied to the ruins of a house, the naked gables having the appearance of small hills. Field on Ballamanagh.
1703 Man Roll. Toltawilly
1739 Dioc. Reg. Tolt a Vill
1739 Dioc. Reg. Toltar vill
1794 C.R.P. Toltawill
Mx. Tolta vn woaillee, 'hill of the cattle-fold.' (Ir. Tul, tala or tulach, 'a hill.')
Mx. trass, 'third,' with Eng. plural. Glen Aldyn.
Toltan ne Boar.
1703 Man. Roll
Mx. Toltan ny goayr, 'little hill of the goats.'
1703 Man. Roll
Mx. Tuar-oarn, 'green spot of the barley.'
Tres insulas.
c. 1376 Chron. Mann.
The three islands mentioned in Chron. Mann. as being in the thicket of Myrosco were probably Green Island, now Close yn ellan; Tallan more, now Ballamona ; and Ellan bane. These were abbey property.
Vetus siccus. Ab. L. Boundary.
c. 1376 Chron. Mann.
Lat. 'The old dry land.' Now Close Chirrym and Kella. q.v.
Vony, The.
1703 Man. Roll
Mx. Yn voanes, the turf pit.'
No early form has been found, and as several interpretations are admissible, it is difficult to deal with.
Well, The.
1765 Mon. Ins.
White Spot, The Willy Robin's Gat.
1703 Man. Roll


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