[From Draper The House of Stanley]
Edward Smith-Stanley, the thirteenth Earl of Derby, was born on the 21st of April, 1775. Having just attained his majority, in 1796 (being then known as Lord Stanley), he was returned to Parliament as member for the borough of Preston; and the electors of the same borough, at the election in 1802, again returned him to Parliament as their representative ; but on the retirement of his relative, Colonel Stanley, M.P., of Cross Hall, in 1812, Lord Stanley resigned his seat for Preston, and was elected a knight of the shire for the northern division of the county of Lancaster, his colleague being John Blackburne, Esq., who was the Tory member from 1790 to 1830, when Mr. Blackburne retired from public life, and was succeeded by Wilson Patten, Esq., who still remains one of the knights of the shire.
On the 30th of June, 1798, Lord Stanley married his first cousin, Charlotte-Margaret, second daughter of the Rev, Geoffrey and the Hon. Mrs. Hornby, of Winwick. Lady Stanley was born on the 20th October, 1776, and died at Knowsley on the 16th of June, 1817, deeply lamented, and was buried at Ormskirk on the 23rd June. The memory of Lady Stanley is perpetuated by an affectionate brother, who, on the 20th of March, 1825, after enduring, with Christian cheerfulness and fortitude, several years of suffering, was himself removed from the scenes of this passing world to join his beloved sister in "another and a better world." This affectionate tribute to the memory of Lady Stanley is contained in the following beautiful lines in a poem entitled Childhood, by the Rev. E. T. S. Hornby, M.A., Fellow of All Souls, Oxford, and published in 1821, about four years before his death
Large was my circle ;and as still it grew,
With each new corner came new pleasures too;
And long did death defer that sickning shock
When the first lamb is severd from the flock.
Still, as I dwell on all who gambold here,
But one bright star bath quite outshot its sphere T
One, the dear memory of whose mind and face
Nor chance, nor change, nor death, nor time can chaae.
on her I muse, when from yon sacred tower,
The vesper.bell proclaims the twilight hour;
When, browzing mid the dew, the heifer still
Crops her late meal on yonder flowry bill;
When starts the light from every cottage pane
Watchd by the travler oer the misty plain,
Till, lo l the full ecbd moon, " apparent Queen,"
Flings her mild lustre oer the tranquil scene.
Then, round the poor mans hearth, is frequent heard
Her name, in death still cherished, still reverd;
And mothers, as they rock their babes to sleep,
Bless that dear name, and mid their blessings weep
Oft, as fond memorys dream these visions rears,
To me that formin childhoods bloom appears!
With her I roam oer grassy banks, where blows
The milk.white hawthorn, or the clustering rose;
With her, our lamb, our birds, our silk-worms feed,
Or gather cowslips in yon lowland mead;
Or, with a holier hand and tearful eye,
Some widows wants with prompt relief supply.
By yon twin limes, which Fancy well might feign
The Baucis and Philemon of the plain,
Which each to each their feathering arms extend
Where bees still swarm, and honey dews descend,
Oft have we sat ; and as the cool breeze fannd
Our temples throbbing veins, have hand in hand,
Held converse sweet, or sung our carols blithe,
Or watched the mower whet his glistening scythe,
And sighed to mark, whereer the keen blade came,
How brief the daisys boast, the violets fame.
And thus it is through life as we look on
Our hopes, our darling pleasures, one by one,
Swept by Times scythe like summers flowers are gone!
Yet not far ever gone ! the day shall come,
When in that brighter clime beyond the tomb,
Once more each Amaranthine shoot shall bloom!
* The Rev. E. T. Horton, vicar of Ormskirk, was son of Thomas Hoston, Esq., of Howroyde, Yorkshire, the cousin of Sir Watts Horton, of Chaddeiton, who married Harriet, sister of the twelfth Earl of Derby. On the death of Sir Watts Horton, the 2nd baronet, Chadderton Hall, which had been the resort of the " gayest of the gay," was suffered to fall into a state of great dilapidation, owing, it is said, to Sir Watts having willed a part of the estate to the Rev. J. T. Horton, which had caused family differences.
The children of Lord and Lady Stanley were three sons and four daughters, namely, 1, Edward Geoffrey, the present Earl of Derby ; 2, Charlotte-Elizabeth, born the 11th July, 1801, and married, December 16th, 1823, to Edward Penrhyn, Esq., and died 15th February, 1853, leaving issue ; 3, Henry-Thomas, born the ~th of March, 1803, and was late M.P. for Preston, but since his retirement from public life has chiefly resided abroad, having married, 1st September, 1835, Anne, daughter of the late Richard Woodhouse, Esq., and has issue three sonsand one daughter ; 4, Emily-Lucy, born 2nd March,, 1804, and died 18th November of the same year ; 5, Louisa-Emily, born 1st June, 1805, and married April 18th, 1825, to Lieutenant-Colonel Samuel Long, of the Grenadier Guards, but died on the 11 th of December following ; 6, Eleanor-Mary, born 3rd May, 1807, and married in June, 1835, to the Rev. Frank-George Hopwood, M.A., the present rector of Winwick ; 7, Charles-James-Fox, born 25th April, 1808, captain and afterwards colonel of the Grenadier Guards, and now colonel of the 7th Lancashire Militia, who married, in 1836, Frances-Augusta, daughter of Henry F. Campbell, K.C.B., by whom he has issue three sons and four daughters.
About two years before the death of his noble and venerable father, Lord Stanley was called to the House of Peers, having been created Baron Stanley, of Bickerstaffe, the ancient residence of that line of baronets, by letters patent dated the 22nd day of October, 1832, being then fifty-seven years of age, and the oldest heir-apparent in the peerage ; and it is somewhat remarkable that at that time the twelfth Earl of Derby had three lineal heirs, namely, his son, then Lord Stanley, now under notice ; his grandson, the present Earl of Derby ; and his great grandson, now Lord Stanley.
His lordship succeeded to the earldom on the death of his father, in October, 1834, when he was appointed lord-lieutenant and custos rotulorum of the county. His lordship was also colonel of the Lancashire Militia, vice-admiral of the coast of Lancashire, and a Knight of the Garter.
The political career of the Earl of Derby was quiet and unobstrusive ; but, though he took no prominent part in political matters, he generally gave his vote in favour of the Liberal side in State affairs. He was a great admirer of the Constitutional institutions of the country, and ever shewed himself warmly attached to the National form of religion, and he spent on churches and schools about £100,000. Of the churches built by his lordship we may mention St. Johns at Burscough Bridge, Bickerstaffe Church, Knowsley Church, Newburgh Church, and Westhead Church ; and he also erected several parsonages.
From childhood, Lord Derby was particularly attached to natural history, and during his long life he spared neither pains nor money in the advancement of his favourite study. He was for many years president of the Linnæan and Zoological Societies, with which he was in constant communication. Lord Derbys matchless collection of birds and mammalia at Knowsley was celebrated throughout Europe, and was a noble monument to the life-long assiduity of its noble collector. Some idea may be formed of this interesting and extensive collection of birds and mammalia when it is stated that the menagerie and aviary extended over one hundred acres of land and from seventy to eighty acres of water, and required for their efficient maintenance an annual expenditure of not less than £10,000. Previous to its distribution, the number of specimens contained in the collection comprised 94 species of mammalia, containing 345 individuals, of which 39 species, comprising no less than 207 individuals had been bred at Knowsley ; and the total number of birds, exclusive of