The History of a Family who have taken so distinguished a part in the affairs of the County of Lancaster, and also in the Government of the whole of the British Empire, cannot fail being fraught with interest to every Englishman, as the history of the principal families of the land is the history of our country. It is much to be deplored that histories of great families should be oftener done as mere bombastic rhapsodies of hyperbolical expressions of laudation of the various Lords, than wise and accurate statements of the condition of the holders of land under them, and the treatment of the poor upon their various and extensive estates. Time was when the principal Families of the land gloried in a "Bold peasantry, their country's pride." But now, alas !their glory is to drive the bold peasantry from the common land to the horrid cotton hells, there to be consigned to an untimely grave, whilst a standing army riots in insolent ease upon the food of the too often half-starved labourer ; and the crown-appointed magistracy run with eager haste to create a, county constabulary, to be paid high salaries out of the poor's rates, to spy out the partridge, hare, or rabbit-killing peasant, and to report his expressions of hatred to an oppressive government.
Let us hope for the honour of Lancashire that there is yet enough of conservatism of the free institutions of England in the bosoms of the members of the powerful house of Stanley, to repress this wild and ruinous work, or, the consequences will perchance be such as, however much we may deplore them, cannot be remedied, namely, horrible revolution, with fearful anarchy and terrible suffering. That these may be averted, and that the powerful houses of England may awaken to a sense of the common danger is the earnest prayer of the publisher,
On the death of James, the tenth Earl of Derby, February 1st. 1736, the, earldom passed to the heir male, in the person of Sir Edward Stanley, Bart. of Bickerstaff; descended from Thomas the first Earl, who at his death in the year 1505, left three sons viz.-
GEORGE, ninth Baron Strange.
EDWARD, created Baron Monteagle, and
JAMES, Bishop of Ely, 1506, and warden of Manchester; author of the MS. History of his family in verse, vide page 43.
GEORGE, the ninth BARON STRANGE of Knokyn, K. G. was summoned to parliament be writ, in 1482, in right of his wife, JOAN, sole daughter and heir of John, the eighth Baron Strange, as before mentioned. He died during his father's lifetime, 5th of December, 1497; leaving issue three sons and as many daughters, viz.
1. THOMAS, who succeeded his grandfather as second earl.
2. JAMES STANLEY, of Crosshall, ancestor of the present earl.
3. JOHN STANLEY, O. S. P.
4. JANE, uxor Robert Sheffield Esq.
THOMAS, the second EARL, by his will left to his well-beloved brother, JAMES STANLEY, ESQUIRE, of Crosshall, an annuity of fifty pounds, for his life, payable out of his manor or lordship of Bydston, in the county of Chester.
This JAMES was knighted and made marshal of Ireland. He married ANNE, daughter of John, Hart, Esq. of the Middle Temple, and sister of Sir Percival Hart, chief sewer and knight to King Henry VIII. After the death of SIR JAMES she married Sir Thomas (or Edmund) Talbot of Bashall.
SIR JAMES left issue by her, eight children, viz.
I. Thomas, O. S. P.
II. EDWARD, slain at Musselburg, S. P. M.
III. SIR GEORGE STANLEY, Knight, of Cross-hall, commonly called the Black Knight; Marshal of Ireland and Captain of the Isle of Man. He was a most martial and valiant man in the. field, and a wise counsellor in the closet; his boldness and resolution in action were not to be withstood; he was an utter enemy to the Irish, insomuch that his name was a terror to them, and when he engaged them their cry was "Pagh Chrish saave me cramochree." And happy was he that could get away soonest.
None came thither before him more hardy, nor exposed himself to more danger nor hazard of life than he; until he had fully reduced the rebellious sons of that nation to the king his master's obedience, for which he was greatly honoured and esteemed, and had for his bravery and eminent services conferred upon him the high office of knight-marshal of Ireland, which he long enjoyed, and executed With the greatest honour and commendation, and was a great addition to his worth and memory. He became the founder and common ancestor of the Stanleys of Grange Gordon in that kingdom (whose posterity are still subsisting in the descendants of Sir John Stanley, who was one of the honourable commissioners of his majesty's customs, London) and upon his decease in a good old age and lasting reputation, he was interred by his very great and honourable relation, Sir John Stanley I. Whose memory (says my author, the Right Rev. Thomas Stanley, Lord Bishop of Sodor and Man) ought never to be forgotten.
He married Issabel, daughter of' Sir John Duckenfield, of Duckenfield, in the county of Chester; and had issue two sons and two daughters, viz.
4. Maria, married Robert, son and heir to Sir Robert Hesketh, of Rufford, and had issue,
1. Thomas Hesketh, son and heir.
2. Robert, who married Margaret Standish.
3. Holcroft Hesketh a daughter, who married first Lawrence Rawstrone of Hutton Grange co. Lanc. esq; and secondly Roger Dodsworth, son and heir to Matthew Dodsworth, esq.
4. Maria married Thomas Stanley, of Eccleston, base son of Henry fourth Earl of Derby.
IV. ANNE, uxor Ralph Rushton, of Dunkinhalgh.
V. MARGARET, uxor Edward Stanley, of Flint.
VI. JANE, uxor Mr. Ashbury.
VII. ELEANOR, uxor Gilbert Langtree, of Langtree.
VIII. HENRY STANLEY, of Aughton, Esq. and of Bickerstaff, injure uxoris. He was born in 1515, and dying in the month of July, 1598, was buried at Ormskirk on the 28th, AE. 83; having on the 26th of September, 1563 married Margaret, only child of Peter Stanley, of Aughton, Esq third son of Sir William Stanley of Hooton by his first wife Elizabeth, daughter and heir to James Scarisbrick, by Elizabeth, daughter and heir to Thomas Atherton of Bickerstaff Esq. and left issue,
1. EDWARD, who succeeded.
3. JANE, uxor Gabriel Hesketh of Aughton.
SIR EDWARD STANLEY, of Bickerstaff, was created a baronet 3rd Charles I. Jan. 26th 1628; and was buried at Ormskirk, May 4th 1640. He married twice, leaving issue by both ladies; viz. by his first, CATHERINE, second daughter of Sir Randall Manning, of Peover, co. Ches. knight, (by Margaret, dau. of Sir Edward Flitton, of Gosworth, knight.) She was buried at Ormskirk, Nov. 27, 1613.
1. ANNE, christened July 24, 1597. Buried at Ormskirk, July 28, 1621.
2. ELIZABETH, christened Oct. 25, 1599.
3. FRANCES, christened April 14, 1601 ;
His second wife was Isabel, eldest daughter of Peter Warburton, of Arley, Esq. co. Ches. who had issue.
4. SIR THOMAS, christened at Ormskirk, Oct. 22, 1616; who succeeded as 2nd Baronet.
5. HENRY STANLEY, Esq. christened Sep.3,1617, who married first Eleanor, dau. of Mr. Dutton. She was buried Oct. 18th, 1658, and had issue an only daughter, Isabel, who was buried June 19, 1643;
His second wife was Mary, dau. of Hamlet Cropper, of Bickerstaff, by whom he had a son,. Edward Stanley of Preston and Ribbleton, Esq. who left issue eight sons and daughters, who will be hereafter noticed.
6. JAMES, christened 3rd, and buried 28 May, 1618.
7. ROBERT, christened Sept. 6, 1620.
8. JOHN, christened Dec. 19, 1621.
9. FRANCIS, christened Dec. 5, 1622.
SIR THOMAS STANLEY. 2nd Baronet, married Mary, dau. of Peter Egerton, of Shaw, co. Lanc. Esq. (by Elizabeth, dau. and coheir to Leonard Ashawe, Esq.) she was widow of Henry Houghton, Esq. of Brimscolls, sixth son of Sir Gilbert Houghton, bart. Sir THOMAS left issue by her,
I. SIR EDWARD STANLEY, third baronet.
II. ELIZABETH, ob. unmarried.
III. MARY, uxor John Bradshaw, Esq.
IV. PETER, whose line will be hereafter noticed.
SIR EDWARD STANLEY, 3rd Baronet, was born in 1613, and succeeded on the death of his father in 1653. He married Dec. 25, 1663, Elizabeth, youngest daughter of Thomas Basseville, of Warnesworth, con. Ebor, Esq. (by his first wife, Barbara, dau. and coheir to Francis Babington, of Rampstone, county Notts. Esq.) widow of Charles Davenport, Esq. by whom she had a son, William. Sir Edward was buried Oct. 14, 1671, and his lady on the 1st of June, 1695; they had issue,
1. MARY, christened Nov. 30, 1664; buried June 12, 1719, unmarried.
2. ELIZABETH, christened March 19, 1666; buried June 3, 1669.
3. BARBARIE, christened March 24,1667; uxor the Rev. Zachary Taylor.
4. ISABELLA, christened Sep. 1, 1669. Buried 12 Oct. 1670.
5. ELIZABETH, born 1671, died unmarried at Knowsley, AE. 67, and buried at Ormskirk, April 28, 1738.
6. SIR THOMAS STANLEY, only son, christened Sept. 27, 1670, succeeded as FOURTH BARONET. He served in parliament for the Borough of Preston, 1695. He married twice, viz. first, August 16, 1668, Elizabeth, sole dau. and heir to Thomas Patten, of Preston, Esq. (by Mary, daughter and heir to John Doughty, of Colne, co. Lane. Esq.) She was buried Feb. 15, 1694, leaving issue,
I. SIR EDWARD STANLEY, Who succeeded as 5th BARONET, and to the Earldom of
Derby, of whom more hereafter.
II. THOMAS born 1690-1; died 1696.
III. Rev. JOHN STANLEY, Clerk, born 1692; Rector of Winwick, &c. O.S.P. 1781, having married to his first wife, Alice Warren, daughter of Edward Warren, of Dinkley, co. Lanc. Esq. by Margaret, dau. of the Hon. Wm. Spencer; she died 1737. His second wife was Sarah, dau. of John Earle, of Liverpool, Esq. who died 1809.
Having brought down the descent to the fifth baronet, who succeeded to the earldom, we may now revert to the collateral branches; and first of PETER STANLEY, next brother to Sir. EDWARD, the third baronet.
He married, at Goosnargh chapel, April 19, 1683, Catherine, daughter of Colonel Alexander Rigby, of Middleton, in Goosnargh, (by Margaret, daughter of Sir Gilbert Houghton) who after the death of her first husband, Peter Stanley, married to her second, Nov. 2nd, 1689, at Preston, Paul Amyas, gent. Peter Stanley, Esq. was buried Jan. 27, 1686, and she Feb. 26,1732; and had issue,
1. MARY, baptized at Goosnargh chapel, May 3, 1687. Ob. young.
2. MARGARET, living 1698-
3. Thomas STANLEY, of Cross Hall, co. Lanc. Esq. who was high Sheriff of the county in 1718. He was buried at Ormskirk, April 18, 1733. He married Catherine, daughter of Anthony Parker, of Bradkirk, Esquire dyiug Jan.29,1738, left issue,
I. CHARLES STANLEY, of Cross Hall, Esq. Born July 25, 1738; buried April 1754. He married daughter and heir to the Rev. Charles SIudell, Vicar of Ormskirk. She was buried Dec. 26, 1755. They had issue,
1. Thomas James Stanley, baptized Dec. 24, 1741. Buried April 29th April, 1742.
2. -Margaret Sarah, baptized April 23, 1740; died unmarried at Bath, and buried at Ormskirk, Oct. 14, 1787.
II. Thomas STANLEY, D.D. Rector of Winwick. Christened at Clitheroe, Jan. 2,1717. Married at York Minster, to Betty, daughter and coheir to John Shawe, of York, Esq. She died at Liverpool, and was buried at Ormskirk, Dec. 4, 1780. He was buried June 30, 1761, and had issue,
1. Thomas, son and heir.
2. John born Jan. 18, 1750; an officer in the army; died unmarried at Worcester.
3. JAMES STANLEY, who continued the line of descent.
4. BETTY, born July 17, 1753.
5. CATHERINE, bornNov.22,17-39,uxor Johrn Bacon Sawrey Morrit, of Rokeby Park, co. Ebor. Esq. O.S.P.
THOMAS STANLEY, Esq. eldest son and heir, born Sept. 14, 1759. He was colonel of the 1st Regiment of Royal Lancashire Militia, from 1783 till his decease, and was one of the knights of the shire from 1780 to 1812; an active representative of this important comity, during one of the most memorable epochs in British history. In 1797, he supported the bill for increasing the allowance to prisoners for debt, from fourpence to sixpence per day. In 1804, he opposed Mr. Pitt's additional-force bill; and same year, the corn bill, which he considered as particularly injurious to the county of Lancaster. In 1805, he sat as chairman of the committee on enquiry into the Claims of the Duke of Athol for further remuneration, as the toanen proprietor of the Isle of Man,
In 1807, he Objected to the bill for permitting militia. men to volunteer into the regular army. His attention to parliamentary duty was unremitting. A fine portrait, (full length) one of the happiest efforts of Sir Thomas Lawrence, adorns the Manchester Exchange Room ; being the very liberal present of two gentlemen of that town, which is recorded by the following inscription, placed immediately beneath the picture;
COLONEL OF THE ROYAL LANCASHIRE MILITIA, AND ONE
OF THE REPRESENTATIVES OF THIS COUNTY,
PRESENTED TO THE MERCILANTS AND MANUFACTURERS
OF MANCHESTER, BY
THOMAS JOHNSON, AND JAMES ACKERS, ESQUIRES,
IS PLACED HERE AS A
TESTIMONY OF PUBLIC REGARD FOR 'I'HE ABILITY AND
ZEAL WITH WHICH HE UNIFORMLY PROMOTED
THE COMMERCIAL INTERESTS OF THIS TOWN, DURING
EIGHT SUCCESSIVE PARLIAMENTS.
He died unmarried Jan. 8, 1818, and was succeeded by his brother,
JAMES STANLEY, ESQ. youngest brother of the last named Thomas, was born at Winwick, Dec. 26, 1751, was called to the bar Feb. 9, 1781, and died at Brighton; having married Augusta, daughter of John Cornwall, of Hendon, Middlesex, Esq.; they had issue,
I. EDWARD STANLEY, who succeeded his father,
II. The Rev. James Stanley, unmarried.
III. Augusta, born 1787.
IV. Elizabeth, born 1788.
V. Catherine, born 1795.
EDWARD STANLEY, of Cross Hall, Esq. has for many years resided at Geneva. In 1837, he contested the Eastern Division of Lancashire, with Perigrine Edward Townley, Esq. for his colleague, on the Whig interest, against Lord Francis Egerton, and the Hon. Richard Bootle Wilbraham; when the two latter were returned by a considerable majority of votes.
He married Mary, eldest daughter of James Maitland, EARL OF LAUDERDALE; and have issue,
1. Eleanor, born 1831.
2. Augusta, born 152:3.
3. EDWARD JAMES, STANLEY, born at Geneva, in December, 1826.
The next collateral branch of the noble house of Stanley, derive from EDWARD STANLEY, of Preston and Ribbleton, Lanc. Esq. son of Henry, the younger brother of SIR THOMAS STANLEY, the second baronet, of Bickerstaff. This EDWARD had issue
I. HENRY STANLEY, christened at Preston, Nov. 3, 1693. Buried, Sept. 12, 1726. He married Dorothy, youngest daughter of Nicholas Wall, of Preston, Gent. She was christened March 18, 1688-9, and buried March 5, 1739-40; they had issue
1. EDWARD, christened Oct. 26, 1717.
2. THOMAS, christened May 9, 1719. He married twice, his first died S. P., his second wife was Barbara, relict of William Shackleton, of Preston, and daughter of Thomas Gradwell, of Preston, and had issue an only child,
HENRY STANLEY, named in the will of Edward, eleventh Earl of Derby. He was alive at St. Kitts in 1771, but never since heard of, and his mother's relatives, by decree of chancery, divided the property in 1797-8.
II. Edward, christened Jan. :30, 1694; obit 1756, S.P.
III. Thomas, christened Sept 27, 1696; obit. S. P.
IV. Mary, christened Nov. 24, 1697; uxor Richard Tinsley,[Tyldesley] of the Priory, Castletown, Isle of Man.
V. JAMES STANLEY, christened October 30, 1698, and buried Feb. 17, 1754. He married to his first wife, Ellen ...... who died Dec. 1, 1743; having had issue,
1. Thomas, buried June 18, 1736.
2. Margaret, buried March 9, 1736-7.
3. Mary, born March 13, 1737.
4. James, christened March 26, 1739-40, buried July 12, 1740.
5. Anne, born October 18, 1741.
By his second wife, Mary, daughter of Mr. Moon, whom he married May 18, 1746, and who died March 4, 1754; he had issue,
6. James, christened March 23,1746-7, buried Nov. 19, 1748.
VI. JOHN STANLEY, who married and had issue,
1. Edward, christened Dec. 21, 1722, buried May 5, 1759, having married September 2, 1765, Marg, daughter of Mr. Swift.
2. Richard, christened Nov. 4, 1724, living in 1739.
3. John, living in 1739.
VII. ANNE, christened October 24, 1703.
VIII. CHARLES STANLEY, christened September 16, 1702; receiver-general of the Isle of Man; buried in Kirk Arbory, March 8, 1749-50. He married on the 30th Dec. 1728, Elizabeth Parker, daughter and heir to Christopher Parker, of Ballan Caigan, &c. Isle of Man, gent. (by Catherine, his wife, daughter of Mr. John Stanley, of the Isle of Man. She was buried with her husband Jan. 11, 1759, and had issue,
1. Edward, born May 26, 1730; obit. at St. Helena, June 24, 1756, unmarried.
2. Katherine, born October 6, 1732, uxor Mr. John Allen, of Liverpool, where she died and was buried at the church of St. Nicholas,
3. John, born May 27, 1735, heir to his mother's property at Ballan Caigan; obit. April 28, 1764, unmarried, and was buried with his parents.
4. James, born July 8, 1737; obit. young.
5. Elizabeth., born April 30,1740; obit. same year.
6. Mary, born October 11, 1749; buried July 9,1761, unmarried.
7. CHARLES STANLEY, born April 3, 1745. He sold the Manx property, and settled in business at Liverpool, but died at Manchester, June 10, 1805. He married at the Old Church, Liverpool, October 16, 1766, Martha, daughter of Henry Rawsthorn, of Ormskirk, who was born Sept. 8, 1744, and buried March 8, 1805; they had issue,
l. Elizabeth Parker Stanley, born Nov. 3, 1767 ; died unmarried at Aughton.
2. The Rev. JAMES STANLEY, son and heir.
3. Catherine, born August 15,1770; married, March 2, Captain Henry M'Kit-trick.
4. Margaret Rawsthorn Stanley, born 1 Aug. 1773; married first to John, brother of Henry M'Kittrick, who dying in 1798, re-married on the 4th of August, 1805, Sergeant James Lee, of the 3rd Guards.
5. Mary Jane, born May 8,1777; married October 27, 1798, to Mr. Thomas Johnson, of Church Street, Liverpool.
The Rev. JAMES STANLEY above named, was born in Water Street, Liverpool, October 30, 1768. He was curate of Barkway, Herts, and vicar of Ormskirk, where he died, and was buried June 17, 1812; having on the, 11th Judy, 1797, married Sarah, dau. of Mr, John Edleston, of Cambridge, (by his wife, Sarah, daughter of Mr. King); she was born June 16, 1772; and have issue,
1. Edward Stanley, born at Barkway, May 10, 1798; a commander in the royal navy.
2. Frederick, born May 10, 1799; lieutenant in the R.N.; he was lost in H.M. sloop, Drake, at St. Sholts, Newfoundland, June 1822.
3. Henry, born at Little Chishall, Sep. 11, 1800.
4. Jane, born Feb. 6, 1802; married December 19, 1805, to .Lieut. Richard Bayly Bowden, R. N.
5. Caroline, born Feb. 17, 1804; married July 28, 1827, to Henry Robert Crozier, Esq.
6. Harriet, born April 11, 1805.
7. Charles Thomas, born Sep. 28, 1806.
8. Charlotte, born Dec. 2, 1807; buried July 23, 1808.
Having given the collateral branches, springing from the STANLEYS of Bickerstaff, we next have to notice the main stem which became enobled on failure of the male line of the original house; by the decease of. JAMES, 10TH EARL, who died without issue, February 1st, 1735-6; when the honours devolved to
Sir EDWARD STANLEY, the fifth baronet, of Bickerstaff, as before stated. He was born Sep. 1t, 1689, and when a commoner, served as knight of the shire for the county of Lancaster.
On succeeding to the peerage, he was appointed lord lieutenant of the county, which he resigned (on account of age and infirmity) in favour of his son James, commonly called (but very erroneously) Lord Strange; upon whose death, in 1771, he was re-appointed. He died on the 22nd of Feb. 1776, having in the year 1741 married Elizabeth, sole daughter and heir to Robert Hesketh, of Rufford, co. Lanc. Esq. (by Elizabeth, daughter of the Hon. William Spencer, of Ashton Hall, near Lancaster;) she only survived the earl two days. They had issue,
I. Elizabeth, born Nov. 14, 1715. O.S. uxor Sir Peter Warbarton, of Arley, co. Ches. she died 1780.
II JAMES, of whom more hereafter.
III. Mary, christened at Preston, Jan. 17, 1717-8; ob. at Bath, unmarried, Aug. 17, 1795.
IV. A son; ob. unbaptized, March 17, 1718-9.
V. Thomas, christened at Preston, August 9, 1720, and buried there Dec. 12, 1722.
VI. Isabella Dorothy, christened at Preston, Feb. 17, 1721-2; died at Bath unmarried, July 15, 1787.
VII. Margaret, christened at Preston, April 3, 1723; ob. at Knutsford, and buried at Ormskirk, March 9, 1776.
VIII. Jane, christened at Preston, 4th, and buried on the 23rd of April, 1726.
IX. Jane, ob. at Knutsford, and buried at Budworth, co. Ches.
X. Barbara,ob, an infant; buried at Preston, 12 March, 1730-1.
XI. Charlotte, uxor John Burgoyne, an English general, the natural son of Lord Bingley. He entered early into the army, and, in 1762, distinguished himself in Portugal; and also in the American war. He sat as M.P. for the borough of Preston, and wrote three dramas, viz. "The Maid of the Oaks;" "Bon Ton;" and "The Heiress;" also some pamphlets in defence of his conduct as a military man.
XII Edward, christened at Preston, July 8, 1732. Ob. in London, April 20, and buried at Ormskirk, May 4, 1745.
JAMES, the eldest son of Edward, eleventh earl, was baptized at Preston, Jan. 29, 1716-7, He served in Parliament as one of the knights of the shire, for the county of Lancaster; and died at Bath of apoplexy, vita-patris, June, 1, and buried at Ormskirk, 14th of same month, 1771.
He married, March 17, 1746-7, Lucy, second dau. and coheir to Htzgh Smith, of Weald Hall, co. Essex, Esq. of the ancient family of Smith, or Herriz, of Edmondthorpe, co. Leicester, (by Dorothy, daughter of Leonard Barret, of Bclhouse, Esq. ;) upon which he assumed the name of Smith before that of Stanley. She died on the 7th, and was buried at Ormskirk, Feb. 17, 1759; they had issue,
I. Elizabeth, born Dec. 28, 1748, married July 28, 1779, the Rev. Sir Thomas Horton, third baronet; Rector of Whittington, and Vicar of Badsworth; born July 21, 1758, and succeeded his elder brother Sir Watts in 1811. He died in 1821, and his lady April 13, 1796, at Chesterfield, and had issue an only daughter,
Harriet Susannah Anne, (or Charlotte) born Oct. 21, 1784, and married Oct. 21, 1805, to George Pollard, of Halifax, Esq. and have issue two daughters, one of whom,
Harrrett, married Oct 3, 1830, to Robert Bell, Esq.
II. Lucy, born Dec. 26,17-52, O.S., married April 25, 1772, to the Rev. Geoffrey Hornby, Rector of Winwick, who died July 31, 1812; she died at Oxford in 1833, and had issue,
1. Edmund Hornby, of Dalton Hall, Westmorland, Esq.; born June 16, 1773; married August 22, 1796, his cousin Charlotte, daughter of Edward, twelfth Earl of Derby, as will be further noticed.
2. The Rev. James John Hornby, Rector of Winwick, married twice ; first to Esther, daughter and coheir to Robert Vernon Atherton, of Atherton, co. Lane. ; by Harriett, daughter and coheir to Peter Leigh, of Lymm, co. Ches. Esq.) secondly to Katherine, daughter of . ... Boyle.
3. The Rev. Geoffrey Hornby, Rector of Bury, Lanc. who married Georgiana, dau. of.John Byng, fifth Viscount Torrington; and sister to Cecelia, late wife of Robert Gregg Hopwood, of Hopwood, Esq.
4. Philips Hornby, Captain R.N. of Green Cottage, Winwick, married Maria, daughter of Gen. Burgoyne. After an absence of five years in foreign climes in the service of his country, where he distinguished himself, (particularly in the action off the Island of Lissa, March 13, 1811, where he took a French flag) he returned to his natal place ; and on Monday, the 26th of August following, a rural festival, in honour of his return, was held under the shade of the celebrated oak at Winwick. This noble tree rises in a well-formed trunk to the height of twelve feet, where it begins to throw out a number of horizontal branches, forming a natural canopy, covering an area of one hundred yards in circumference ; round which was formed an awning. A numerous assemblage of nobility and gentry attended on the occasion to testify their esteem for their heroic countryman. The colours of the " Corona" which struck to him, are deposited in the church of Winwick, as a proud memorial. On the 12th of April, 1836, Captain Hornby was appointed one of the extra aide-de-camps to his late majesty, William the Fourth.
5. The Rev. George Honby.
6. Charles, a lieutenant-colonel in the army.
7. Lucy, uxor the Rev. H.W. Champneys, Rector of Badsworth.
8. CHARLOTTE :MARGARET HORNBY, Uxor her cousin, EDWARD, 13TH EARL of DERBY, married June 30, 1798.
10. Frances Susannah.
III. SIR EDWARD SMITH STANLEY, twelfth Earl of Derby.
IV. THOMAS SMITH STANLEY, christened at Preston, Oct. 1, 1753; knight of the shire for the county of Lancaster. He died at Jamaica, 1779, and was buried at Ormskirk, April 20, 1780.
V. JAMES SMITH STANLEY, christened at Preston, Nov. 10, 1754, and buried there November 4,1760.
VI. Henrietta Stanley, christened at Preston, Feb. 2, 1756; married, June 3, 1778, to Sir Walls Hortom, second bart. of Chadderton Hall, Lane. who was born Nov. 7, 1753. During her life, Chadderton was in the greatest meridian of its splendour; being the resort of "the gayest of the gay," With continued rounds of galas, sporting, concerts, archery, &c. In the month of September, 1793, a splendid mounted quiver, and four pair of arrows, the gift of Lady Horton, was there shot for, between the Lancashire bowmen, and the Broughton and Middleton archers; the prize was won by Mr. Samuel Hobson, his numbers being three hundred aner thirty seven, and for his adversary, Mr. Thackrey, three hundred and thirty five.
Sir Watts Horton died Nov. 22, 1811, and his lady at Bath, October 15, 1830, leaving issue an only daughter,
Harriet Susannah Anne Horton, born Jan. nary 4, 1790, who married July 22, 1813, Charles Rhys, (Rees) a captain in the R.N. of Kimaenllyd, co. Carmarthen, and have issue two sons.
It is to be regretted that the mansion, plantations, hot-houses, &c, at Chadderton have been suffered to get into the greatest dilapidation; owing it-is said to family differences; Sir Watts having willed a part of the estate to the Rev. J. T. Horton, vicar of Ormskirk, the son of his cousin, Thomas Horton, of Howroyde, Yorkshire, Esq.
VII. JOHN SMITH STANLEY, born in London, March 10, 1757; died there on the 28th April, following.
VIII. Louisxs, christened at Preston, Feb. 4, 1759, and buried there Oct. 14, 1763.
Having now given the issue of JAMES STANLEY, (improperly called Lord Strange) we now revert to his son and successor, SIR EDWARD SMITH STANLEY, the sixth baronet, and twelfth Earl of Derby; born Sep. 1, 1752. He was a knight of the shire for Lancashire, 1774; a member of the privy council; lord lieutenant of the county, 1776; chancellor of the duchy, 1783, and again in 1806. He died October 21, 1834, at Knowsley.
His lordship married first, June 23, 1774, ELIZABETH, daughter of JAMES, sixth DUKE OF HAMILTON, and third DUKE of BRANDON, a lady well known in the annals of fashion; born in Jan. 1753, and died March 14,1796; leaving issue, which will be further noted.
His Second lady was Miss ELIZADETH FARREN, the celebrated actress ; married May 1, 1797, by whom he had issue. She was born July 12, 1762, her father, Mr. George Farren, being an Irish gentleman who practised at Cork as a surgeon and apothecary; and her mother, the daughter of Mr. Wright, of Liverpool, an eminent brewer, who gave all his children an education befitting his rank in society. In the full bloom of youth and beauty, her charms and accomplishments were so prized that she became the reigning toast among the bon vivants of Liverpool; but before any of Mr. Wright's family were portioned off, ruin overtook him, and the handsome and accomplished Miss Wright became the portionless wife of Mr. Farren, with whom she went to Ireland, where a worse calamity awaited her, Her husband partook too much of the national character of the Irish to endeavour to meet the wants and necessaries of a young and increasing family, by a course of prudence, economy, and frugality, so requisite in all who have to depend upon their own exertion;. His improvidence was such that he would (or could) not forego his bottle and company; and his amiable wife too soon found herself surrounded with difficulties and adversity. Mr. Farren did not live long, and at his decease his wife was left destitute with three infant daughters, wholly unprovided for; and in this unfortunate state, she adopted the stage, as the means of providing for the wants of her self and offspring. She left Ireland and became a member of the theatrical corps at Liverpool, and afterwards at Manchester, under Mr. Whitley, who had for a long time swayed the managerial sceptre.
As Mrs. Farrell s situation was, her profits were but small, and as soon as her children were capable, they were introduced upon the stage as juveniles, that their little exertions might increase the small pittance derived by the mother. Miss Farren became much admired in such parts as "King Edward the Fifth," in "Richard the Third," and similar parts, having a most agreeable voice, and could sing well. At the age of fifteen she made her first debut at Liverpool, in the character of " Rosetta;' in " Love in a Village;" and afterwards as "Lady Townley." She continued a great favourite at Liverpool, and Mr. Younger, the manager, took every step to promote her interest; that he procured an engagement for her with Mr. Colman, and she made her first appearance before a London audience at the Hay-market Theatre, in the character of " Miss Hardcastle," in "She stoops to conquer," in the summer of 1777 ; from thence she went to Covent Garden, and afterwards to Drury Lane, there she held the rank of first tragic actress; and in comedy she stood upon par with Mrs. Abingdon. About this period, she is said to have raised a flame in the breast of the Hon. Charles James Fox, but receiving no encouragement relinquished his suit. The Earl of Derby avowed the most sincere attachment, and took every opportunity to promote her interest, and a system of Platonic love, was carried on between them for several years. Such was her extreme prudence and exemplary conduct, that it became the theme of public admiration and eulogy; one of her biographers thus speaks of her,
"Imperial Britain counts not in her train
Of dames high-born a name than thine more fair,-
The greatest monarchs might indeed be vain,
Could they NOBILITY like thine confer
There fails e'en regal pow'r! What kings bestow,
The mean oft grasp; their stars the base may deck;
But when thy race is run thy head laid low,
When wealth, rank, grandeur, sink in one vast wreck,
In brighter lustre shall thy virtues shine,
And wreaths immortal shade thy hallow'd shrine!"
The first Countess of Derby dying, March 14, 1797, the Platonic system of the earl was now changed to one of a more tender nature, and on the 1st of May following, Miss Farren became the affianced lady of a descendent of one of the noblest families in the kingdom.
Edward, twelfth Earl of Derby, for many years before his decease, had retired from the stormy arena of politics, but whilst he meddled with them, he was a staunch adherent to the party of Fox, Grey, and Holland. In his earlier years, he was the intimate associate of those " choice spirits" who "dragged the dull hours along," in companionship of George, Prince of Wales, (King George IV.) but the turf was an object of his lordship's most ardent pursuit: horse racing and cock fighting seemed to be his "Elysium on earth ;" and he possessed the reputation of having the best breed of cocks in England. General Yates, who was also celebrated for his breed of chanticleers, was his invariable opponent; and they annually decided the question of their respective game, by a match of a thousand guineas aside; and "so strong was the earl's penchant," said a correspondent in the Morning Chronicle, "for his favourite sport, that cocks, by his desire, were introduced into his drawing room, armed and spurred, even during the latter days of his life!"
It is to be regretted, that this cruel and useless sport should have taken the attention of this other-wise excellent man, who in his deportment to all around him, invariably maintained a frank and noble bearing, a ready and friendly attention to all matters which, in his official capacity as chief magistrate of the county, might require his interposition, and hospitable reception to all who might be drawn within the precincts of his domain. A writer of the day, in announcing his demise, used the following language " REJOICE ! O all ye cocks!-but especially you of the game kind; lift rip your shrill voices to heaven, and crow thanks for the annihilation of your arch-enemy! He who hath urged thousands of you to mortal combat-who hath delighted in your torture -and seen your bleeding bodies stretched upon the earth-is at length thrown as food to the commonest of all creatures-WORMS-WORMS! Omnipotence hath avenged you-so rejoice!"
The obsequies took place October 31,1834, at Ormskirk, with great pageantry; the body being taken in a hearse in the form of a sarcophagus, the corners representing Doric columns of black marble; with sable plumes, escutcheons, &c. The coffin was covered with crimson velvet; the plate, handles, coat of arms, in alto relievo, nails, &c. were all of solid silver, of the richest embossed workmanship.
By his first Countess.
I. EDWARD SMITH STANLEY, who succeeded as thirteenth earl.
II. CHARLOTTE, born October 17, 1776; married, August 22, 1796, her cousin, Edmund Hornby, of Dalton Hall, Esq. (son of the Rev. Geoffrey Hornby, by Lucy, aunt to CHARLOTTE before-named, born June 16, 17773. She died Nov. 25, 1805, and left. issue,
1. Edmund George Hornby, Esq., late M.P. for Warrington ; married, January 30, 1827, Sarah, daughter of Thomas Yates, of Irwell House, Esq., first cousin to Sir Robert Peel, Bart.
2. Elizabeth Sarah Hornby.
3. Lucy Frances Hornbry.
III. Elizabeth Henrietta, born April 29, 1778; married January 15,179.5, Thomas Stephen Cole, Esq., son of Major Thomas Rea Cole, of Twickkenham, Middlesex, (by Isabella, daughter of Sir Henry Ibbetson, bart,)
By his second Countess, who died April 23, 1829.
IV. A daughter still-born, March 27, 1798.
V. Lucy Elizabeth. Stanley, born March 1, 1799; ob. April 25, 1809. .
VI. James Smith Stanley, born March 9,1800; ob. at London, April 3,1817, and buried at Ormskirk, April 17.
VII. MARY MARGARET STANLEY, born March 23, 1801; married Nov. 29, 1821, THOMAS, SECOND EARL OF WILTON, (second son of Robert, Earl Grosvenor, now Marquis of Westminster) born Dec. 30, 1799, and succeeded his maternal grandfather, September 23, 1814, by virtue of remainder in the patent of creation, June 26, 1801; and by royal Sign manual, in 1821, took the name and arms of EGERTON only; and have issue,
l. Elinor Egerton, born August 5,1823; ob. June 19,1824.
2. Thomas Guy Eggerton, Viscount Grey de Wilton, born Oct. 9, 1825, ob. May 23,1830.
3. Mary Grey Egertorz, borti April 7, 1827.
4. Margaret Gren Egerton, born Jan 29,1830, and died Aprif 27, 1831.
5. --- born May 2, and died June 29, 1831.
6. Elizabeth Grey Egerton, born Dec. 2,1832; christened at Prestwich, Jan. 7, 1834.
7. Arthur Edward Holland Grey Egerton, born Nov. 25,1833; christened at Prestwich, Jan. 7,1834. The Duke of Wellington and Lord Skelmersdale being godfathers.
EDWARD SMITH STANLEY, seventh baronet, and thirteenth Earl of Derby, born April 21,1775. Married, June 30,1798, his cousin, Charlotte Margaret, second daughter of the Rev. Geoffrey Honrby, Rector of Winwick ; (by Lucy Stanley, aunt to his lordship) she died June 16, 1817.
He is vice-admiral for the county of Lancaster; president of the Linnean society ; colonel of the 2nd Regiment of Royal Lancashire Militia; one of the privy council; and lord lieutenant of the county. He has led a very active parliamentary life, having sat as representative for the borough of Preston from 1796 to 1812; when he was elected one of the knights of the shire, which he continued to represent until Dec. 3, 1832, when he was summoned to the House of Lords, vite patris, by patent of creation, as BARON STANLEY, of Bickersfaff. His politics are of the Whig school, but inclining to the liberal side, and in general has maintained a consistency of opinions. His amusements have chiefly been of a literary and scientific nature, particularly in the formation of an aviary, at Knowsley, which is very extensive. Since his accession to the earldom, he has lived a secluded life, on account of being very deaf; and infirmity has grower so fast upon him, that lie has been for the last year in a very precarious state from the effects of a paralytic stroke ; he has issue,
I. EDWARD GEOFREY, LORD STANLEY,
born on the 29th of March, 1799; Was elected M.P. for North Lancashire on the passing of the reform bill, and has successively held the offices of secretary for Ireland, and the colonial department, under the administration of Earl Grey. He is a man of great talent, and of great experience for his years, possessing perfect coolness and self-possession, and having a clear distinct voice, with a surprising facility of neat and simple phrase, admirably adapted to the purposes of exposition; he takes up every argument and every fact pressed by his opponents, leaving no topic and no assertion untouched. His gesture is easy, graceful, unaffected, and impressive; his attitude manly, free from any artifices of deportment, and the great strenuousness, and even ardour; addressing himself exclusively to the reason, and seldom or ever to the heart. Such are some of his qualifications as an orator in the legislature, as given by public writers of the day. He married, May 31, 1825, Emma Caroline, daughter of Edward Bootle Wilbraham, Baron Skelmersdale, of Lathom House, co. Lanc., and has issue,
1. EDWARD HENRY STANLEY, born July 21, 1826.
from an engraving)
II. CHARLOTTE ELIZABETH, born July 11, 1801; marred Dec. 16, 1823, Edward Penrhyn, Esq.
III. HENRY THOMAS STANLEY, born March 9, 1803. M.P. for Preston; married, Dec. 10, 1836, Miss Campbell, daughter of Sir Henry Campbell.
IV. EMILY LUCY, born May 2, and died Nov. 13, 1804.
V. LOUISA EDtmy, born June 1, 1805; married, April 18, 1825, Samuel Long, -Esq., Captain 1 st Foot Guards, nephew to Sir Charles Long, G.C.B., and to the Earl of Lauderdale; she died Dec. 11, 1825.
VI. ELLINOR MARY STANLEY, born May 3,1807; married, June 11, 18:35, the Rev. Frank George Hopwood, son of Robert Gregg Hopwood, of Hopwood Hall, Esq.
VII. CHARLES JAMES FOX SMITH STANLEY, born April 2.3,1808; a captain in the Grenadier Guards.
Having brought down to the present day the genealogical account of the. House of Stanley, it only remains for the editor to make his
Ninety-nine years have now elapsed since Mr. Seacombe's history was printed, which was brought down to the year 1735 only; and of the various re-prints of his work that have been published, no additions have been made, until the present edition, which will be found considerable. The "Genealogia" as before time given, for want of proper arrangement, was almost unintelligible, even to those well skilled in such matters; consequently great liberty has been taken with it, and another prefixed, more in accordance with the descent of the noble family, and some-what more novel ; whilst the various collateral branches have not been overlooked. It is therefore hoped, that any errors of names or dates (for different authorities vary much in them) may be favourably noticed.
Hulme, Manchester, Aug 1840,