Isle of Man Family History Society Journal Volume vii no 4 Nov 1985


Holy Trinity, Kirk Patrick

The present church,, Holy Trinity, built in 1879 was never intended as a parish church; a site for this purpose was chosen at Glen Maye. As the church at Glen Maye was never built Patrick church to all intents and purposes became the parish church. Later it was officially confirmed as such.

This church was built to replace St. Patrick's church which by this date had fallen into a very bad state of repair, as may be gathered by quoting from Archdeacon Moore's report, after visiting the church. 'The Parish Church is very damp and unhealthy, the walls are not exactly perpendicular, and in the days of Judaism would have been pronounced leprous. The roof is bad, no spouting, the windows are very much decayed '

Holy Trinity is traditional in shape with a small sanctuary. On the north side are two vestries and a wash room. The church is small with a seating capacity of 110. This simplicity of design plus its wealth of lovely stained glass windows, and its superb setting in the centre of the open rolling country-side of Patrick, makes it one of the most attractive churches on the Island.

Over the years there have been a mmber of generous gifts to the church. The largest was that of ?Lro. E.M. Cubbon, who provided for the fabric of the church to be restored and renovated in memory of her son Mr. Colby Cubbon. Mrs. Cubbon also provided a recording instrument and broadcast amplifier equipment, with a recording of 'Bow Belle.' Stained glass windows ware given in memory of other members of the Cubbon family. Mrs. Cubbon died In 1955, her son Colby died in 1951. The church restoration took place in 1958. The church vestries were given by Major A.S. Collard, C.B.E., J.P. in memory of his grandparents, his mother, uncle (buried at Patrick) and two brothers who died abroad.

Unfortunately no graves register exists for the 1709 churchyards and the Burials Register gives no indication of private burial places. Some records of burials in this section are given in the Register relating to the 1897 churchyard.

The grave of the Cubbon family of Higher Raby Beg, Glen )..layeg is in the western corner of this churchyard. A famous member of this family was ?Ceasar? Cubbon,Master of the schooner "Vixen" which sailed from Peel in July 1853 for Australia. Also in the same part of this graveyard lies the great. Manx trader and benefactor Sir George Moore, ?caught?, of the Ballamoar, who died on 10th October, 1787.

On one of the corner pillars overlooking the main Peel-Glen Maye road is an ancient sundial. The sundial is recorded as Bishop Wilson's own dial and is dated 1740. Its base is a large slab of stone, figured and a text from the book of Job which reads, 'The small and the great are here; and the servant is free from his master.' The upright brass gnomon of the dial contains the Manx three legs emblem.

The 1879 graveyard was opened to become the general burial place for the people of Patrick, although -the older churchyard still continued to be used. An interesting grave in this churchyard is that of the unknown man whose body was washed ashore in the district. it has a white marble curb and lm headstone which was provided by the generosity of Mrs Florrie Ford, who had a holiday beach hut here. The simple inscription reads 'Some Mother's Son.'

Also of interest are the war graves. In 1972 new headstones were placed on the large Turkish grave in the 1709 churchyard by the Turkish Embassy and their War Graves Commission. These Turkish men died during the Great War (1914-1916) at the nearby interment camp of Knockaloe.

The late Mr. A.E. Corkilly the gravedigger at that time, once said that the Turkish internees wanted their fellow men buried in the Turkish fashion, with the coffins standing vertically, but the Church Authorities would not allow this. A compromise was reached that the head of each coffin be raised on bricks. Another unusual point was that after Mr. Corkill had opened the grave, the area was cleansed with water because Mr. Corkill was of the Christian faith and therefore in their eyes an infidel.

About four years ago (1971) new headstones were placed on the graves of British Servicemen who had died while on duty at Knockaloe during the first war. These were put up by the War Graves Commission.

In July 1962 a faculty was granted to the German War Graves Commission after a public meeting for the disinterment of the German war dead, buried here during both the First and Second World War. All those disinterred were male civilian German and Austrian internees of Knockaloe Internment The faculty permitted the removal of the remains of the dead to a central German War Cemetery at Cannock Chase in England. The work was commenced on 5th August, 1962, and completed one month later. Sixty-nine graves with up to five persons in each were opened, the coffins were burnt and the top facing of each grave broken up and thrown into the open graves before they were refilled.

Exceptions to this faculty were 'Wilhelm Spengier', a German Air Force officer whose body was washed ashore during the Second World War, and the German internees of the Jewish faith buried in the chancel of the ruined St. Patrick's Church. During the past year or so, new headstones have been placed on the Jewish graves, replacing the former stones that had fallen over.

Records for Kirk Patrick are on microfilm held in the Manx Museum and are of the following:-
Baptisms 1714 - 1883
Marriages 1714 - 1883
Burials 1714 - 1883
Frank Quayle

Kirk Patrick For copyright reasons the linked photograph differs and is (c)F.Coakley


Obituaries from N.A.M.A. Bulletins

July 1941

BARNES, Ethel Isabelle, (nee Reubens) passed away June 7th at the home of her Sister, Mrs. Edith Bury, in Gowanda, New York. Mrs. Barnes, who was born at Sulby Glen, Isle of Man, Came to Buffalo Thirty-five years ago, and was for years, until her health failed her, an active member of the Buffalo Manx Soc.

CREGEEN, Mrs. W.J., of Montreal, passed on in April at the age of 66. She was formerly Alice Mary Fothergill and came from Douglas, Isle of Man.

RADCLIFFE, Thomas Nelson, 24619 Kinsman Road, Beachviood Village, Cleveland, passed away July 2nd. Surviving him are his wife Jennie B. (nee Wilmot), a daughter, Mrs. Nettle Peterson, a son, Wilmot A. and two sisters, Mrs. Carrie Kissack and Mrs. Dell Coleman.

PEAKE, Wm. J., Sr., 82, of Buffalo, New York, passed away on June 4th, after a brief illness. Born in Castletown, and after sailing around the world several times as a seaman, Mr. Peake entered the florist business in New York, moving to Buffalo in 1900, where he operated a flower shop until his death. He was a member of the N.A.M.A. and the Buffalo Manx Society. Surviving are his widow, Mrs. Elizabeth Sattler Peake; three daughters, Miss Viola A. Peake, Mrs. Wm. E. Klaiber and Mrs. Albert Nickels, all of Buffalo; two sons, Wm. J., Jr. of Buffalo and Private Kenneth of Fort McClellan, Alabama; a foster son, Eugene M. Naukan, and eight grandchildren.

SAYLE, Mrs. Jessie Chichester, wife of Walter D. Sayle, President of the Cleveland Punch and Shear Works Co., passed away in June at her residence, 2380 Overlook Road, Cleveland Heights, Ohio. Besides her husband, Mrs. Sayle is survived by a daughter, Mrs. J. Burton Ayres and two sons, N. Chester and Harold C.

CORKAN, Thomas Edward, passed away on Easter Sunday, April 13th, in Douglas, Isle of Man, in his 87th year. Survivors are three daughters, Katie of Douglas, Mrs. H.T. Cowley and Mrs. H.J. Shipman of Winnipeg; three sons, Cecil of Douglas, Edward of Chester and Tom of Winnipeg.

March 1944

BAKER, Mrs. Bessie (nee Brew), died at Blue Rapids, Kansas, on December 6th, She was born in Barrow, England, but was brought up in Peel, Isle of Man. She came to America at the age of 25 and was married in Blue Rapids, Kansas. surviving are her husband, Lloyd Baker; a daughter, six sons, and two brothers, William and Christopher Brew of Cleveland.

BROOKS, Harold, died in Ramsey, Isle of Man on January 28 at the residence of his sister, Mrs. Robert Lees. He was a schoolmaster by profession but went to Canada more than thirty years ago, where he farmed at Viking, Alberta. In 1937 he returned to his native Ramsey. He is survived by three sons, all living in Pestern Canada. Mr. Brooke will be remembered by those who attended the Winnipeg Convention in 1936.

CALLISTER, Arthur, passed on suddenly in December. A resident of Los Angeles, California, he was born in Baldwin, Isle of Man, and was a brother of Dick Callister, a former president of the Los Angeles Manx Society. Surviving him are his wife and two daughters; also his aunt, Mrs. A.J. Strong.

CHRISTIAN, Mrs. Enos, of Toronto, Ontario, passed away on February 10th. She was an old and faithful member of the Toronto Manx Society and will be greatly missed by the entire membership of that organization.

CLUCAS, John P., Greybull, Wyoming, died January 16 at the age of 72. Mr. Clucas was born at St. Marks, Isle of Man, and came to America in 1894. He lived for some years in Galva, Illinois, where he married Miss Edith Maddrell from the Isle of Man. Since 1904, they have resided in Wyoming. He is survived by his wife; two sons, Clyde of Shell, lyoming, and Donald of Greybull; and a daughter, Mrs. LeRoy Atkins of Los Angeles.

CHRISTIAN, Phillip, passed away at Ishperning, Michigan on May 14, 1943 at the age of 81 years. He was born in Foxdale, Isle of Man. Surviving him are a sister, Elizabeth Kagee of the Isle of Man; a brother John of Iron Mountain, Michigan; three children, May Finch of Lansing, Michigan, Leo at Ishpeming and Arnold of Milwaukee, Wisconsin; and two grandchildren.

CLAGUE, Lawrence, of Dayton, Nashington, died February 19 after a short illness at the age of 45. He is survived by his wife, Addie; his mother Mrs. John Clague, formerly of Castletown, Isle of Man; a sister, Mrs. Mona Ward, and two brothers, Vincent of Dayton, and Swan of Washington, D.C.

JACKSON, W.B., late of 8027 Durocher Avenue, Park Extension, Montreal, Quebec, passed on recently. He was one of the oldest and most beloved members of the Montreal Manx Society and is survived by his wife, Jane (nee Kneale), formerly of Bride Parish, Isle of Man.

Reproduced by kind permission of the President of N.A.M.A.



Daniel Teare was baptised at Kirk Andreas on the 1st May 1825, son of Daniel Teare Jnr., of Ballacunnar and Mary Cormode. Daniel’s father married Margaret Callister at Jurby on the 1st March 1828 and died at Lezayre on July 14th, 1875. Little is known of Daniel’s mother, but he was brought up by his great—aunt Esther Teare Moore and her husband Ewan Moore at the Dowin, Andreas.

In 1853 Daniel left the Island for America with his cousin Ann Cormode and her husband Daniel Brew. In 1856 Daniel, a tailor by trade, married a Manx girl, Jane Caine of Ramsey, at Newport, Wisconsin.

Many original letters written to Daniel between 1853 and 1867 by his foster mother Esther Teare Moore (in the hand of her daughter—in—law, Mary Radcliffe Moore) and his aunt Jane Teare Cormode are now in the possession of Mr. D.R. Teare of Michigan, U.S.A. Mr. Teare is the great—grandson of Daniel Teare, and it is with his kind permission that we publish these letters:—


[FPC: note the spelling (!) and punctuation are as given in the journal - presumeably those of the actual letters though no note about this is made]

Dear Son,

I have taken the pen in hand for the first time for to write you the fist leter hopeng to find you injoyen good health as it leaves us at present thanked be to god for the same ni—e are yet in the land of the living and enjoyn a mesure of health put failing fast whe have fail very much since you left this home long very much for you we nesewed your likeness you look very well I am glad that you are so Smart there is four teen month since we got a letter from you I never thought you would for get me i am sory taht I did not write to you sooner you must for give me this time if you are singel i wood like you for to corn home for to see ounce more in the land of the living for to see and converse with you for I feild very lost write to me soon as you can for we are waking out this long time for a leater from you I wonder very much that you hive forget me.

I hope to see you soon for I fell for you that you are very young shon lad compney as much as you can for it is good for both sole and body ther is young and old ould join fast heir let me knew if you are thinkin of coming home and what time for we are expen you home soon for you are singel in hope you will not take one till I see you we are not herin from Catren this year. She hath sent thr daughter likeness home to us. She is very stout girl. She is very much like the father Keren I wood like to heare from Thomas this year, year and half heath forgot us all to geter i think dont be afread to write home for we are very glad to hear from you and pardon you fr your neglins i hope you will write oftener let me know where are you silken for i feel the time very long since you left me I hiv no compny acout him so nomore from mother ver post this leter to John so soon as possible for we are this later is for John Joseph post it to him if you can hear of him till him to writ soon as posebl for i sin very sory of his neglence John Joseph you hive forget rae you promis to write to often ——— us say mend for the time to con you will not have time for to write to father and mother we know that our time is near gon we are not wanting for any thing at the present time for this wont put we are getin old and feailind fast all must die this is not our home mind the one thing ned full that is all n-thing is worth athol benath. But how we may escape the death that never never dy is life is short eternety how long we should prepare ever moment for the solem unkeles and onto are will be go near kirk andreas since you left he is the Sam man. Still he like his compnes. Still wood rather get a leater from you than a poun note for i long very much you must have forgetne all to geter i will ———- forgiv you if you will write this is fiften munth since you wrote to us i think you mus hive another mother now the fly years is past now and we are looking oute for you if yam hive a mather of your own you be-tar by hir and stay witch hir old mother is working still a li-tel on hir thr—ead I am helping father for he is geting old all what I want from our children is a leater often from our dear dear children you must not -think -that I have forget you your as fresh in meraray as -the day you left home your near and dear to me I love -them more than I can till I would like if your near me that i migh-t see you and talk to you all -the are dain an maryed her the same as when you leaft I hiv nothin new to till you at present we are very sloe in wrtten hope you will write often to us ther is nothing is this more tha would that wod give me more pleasure for we know tha our time is gon up.


Dear Daniel,

I have taken the Pleasure once more to write a few lines to you hoping to find you In good health as this leaves me at present Thanks be to God for the same. I Received a letter from you and I was very glad to hear of you and that you were getting along I think very good indeed. You must excuse me for not writing sooner, but if you will write back soon now I think I will not neglect to write to you again. You know that I have a good many letters to answer now fro America, so I expect you were getting word from them. Your Farther and Mother are well so is your Sister Mrs Kneale and all want -to be Remembered to you & Mrs. Your uncle John is well, he lives with his Daughter Mrs Sayle, he sends you his best Respect. Jane and family are well and Sends you her best Respects. Mrs Moore is well, Jane Moore is complaining very much this year or more I think she is a little better at present. Thomas Moore is failing in Van Deman’s land. Mary Ann married. There Mrs Moore send you her best respects. John Kneale is well. He is as Busseg in the world now as ever he is kept busy raising children, it is not long untill he will have four children. Uncle is quite smart yet, he says he is very glad that you have got a son at last And wife. If you were getting a Light—Dame for -to see the fine Horses he Hast got now for the Road he have got afine Blood so Black as jet and mother Hunter. He had never better in his life time. He had Black Albert at Ramsey last Saturday and he was for going like the Railroad for Riding like he use to do, he have Got old Charlott yet which you did see your self Beary in foal of a Black Horse the Rugham. I so hope the Heavies on the Island. I have sakeing like your self But I must not for get your Mistress and children. I send them my best Respects and to let her know that I was speaking to her Farther and Mother last Saturday in Ramsey and that her Brother was going away to America -that day. Catharine wants to be remembered -to Mrs Teare and to your Daughter Esther in Perticular. The Price of Every thing in the Island is high this year White Wheat twoo Pound per lb; Red thirty six; Barley thirty two; Oates above apound; Potatoes from 16 to 1; Butter from ld to fourteen Pence; And trades are very slack in the Towns so it is hard times for the working classes, there was no Frost or snow this winter Christmas but from the milder of January to the latter end of March very wet with high winds we did not:
Expereince the like this great many years which caused a great many ship wrecks on the coast of the Isle of Man and through the Channels.
So I must conclude as I Remain your Affectionate aunt & uncle.

Jane Cormode

(continued over)

Dear nephew I wish I culd see you and yours in your owne hous or you all in our hous we could have splinded cup of tea yet and all the good things we culd get if i culd get on land i would be seeing you and all long a go. Margaret is well and sends you her love and to all her friends ther that she is well. Remember us to Mr & Mrs Brew, Daniel and John Comode and Thomas Corlet.
Mr and Mrs Garet sends ______________________



Dhowne, Andreas

August 22, 1853

My Dear Son,

We received your long expected letter and we were very happy to hear that you were well and that your health was so good thank be to God for all his mercies to us we are all well excepting mother. She has been poorly time since you left us but thank God. She is getting a little better again and may god help you and us to be more faithfull and humble and live nearer to god in this world we have many storms -to meet with but if we shall be faithful and put our whole trust in god he will make a way for our escape you said in your letter that your place was a past place for religion and try and live nearer to god and shun their sinful Camps and Keep the blessed price in view you wanted to know about -the crops this year there is very good crops almost every when this year but our wheat is very poor but our barley is good and our potatoes is very good they are good at most people every place north and south. I dont think -they have -taken the disease yet. I dont hear much about it -thu hearvest is beater this year oweing to so much wet weather he have not begun to shear in our neighbourhood yet I think -the will begin this week I must not forget telling you about the sudden accident that happened in our neighbourhood a bout a month a go William Garrat senior was going to the Quarry to get stones and the horses took fright downside of their own gate and he was thrown down between the horses and the forepart of the Cart and the line caut howl of his leg and he was draged from the Corner of the road that goes out to his own house over to Harry Killey’ s house and the horses was held their he was hurted very bad he got the doctor but he never spoke a word he was hurted to Tuesday and he died next morning a bout six o?clock and what a solom warning for us to meet our God. James Martin married to Ann Callister from Jurby B’Curnley and John Joughin K. Bride is married to Margaret Kaighin Jurby and Charley Rowland Bride is buried last saturday. Mary A. and Jane and Joney and Thomas sends you their kind love their very often talking of you they have not forgetten your kindness to them in times that is past their often telling us that the will be going to you. poor thomas is often talking of you he is saintly he is your boy he stands to every thing that was yours he can speak much pleaner now than when you were at home we will be going with him their often saying we would like to see Dan. We have not a letter from William yet we are expecting one every week. I hope we will get one soon Grand father & Grand mother desires to be remembered to you, she is failing fast Mr & Mrs Cormode and all the family wants to be remembered to you Daniel, Cormode is saying he is longing more for you than for Ann. Mr. Cormode wants to Know is it worth him to come out and the ——rince at him to run with that Indean ruber me-—. Mr & Mrs Daniel Tear wants to be remembered to you. Mr John Cormode & Mrs and family wants to be remembered to you and if you think its worth Joney Garret coming out to America. Mr Garret is wishing you were at home to draw a mural for him. Mrs Garrat wants to know is your little tongue geting on. Uncle & Ant Joughin seeing us and was very sorry that you did not go to see them before you went their. Well Catherine is in Mr. Callister yet give my respects to James Mylrea he is my Cusson his father and Mother is well, write soon and let us know
how you are geting on. So no more at present from your Dear Mother.



Dhowne, Andreas

October 24, 1853

Dear Son,

We have once more the pleasure of writing you these few lines that will
find you in good health as it leaves us at present for which we feel thankfull to allmighty god for all his mercies to us. We received your long expected letter last week and we were very happy to hear that you are well and that your health was so good and that you liked the place so well and that your so comfortable may God prosper you and make a way for you in all the troubles of this world and in the world, to come a Crown of Glory that will never fade a way. Mother is often very poorly, her health is very bad we are often thinking of you but we are separated far from each other. We had a letter from William since we rote to you we got it the 19 of August and we were so glad to hear from him. He likes the place well his wages was 25 shilings a day when He rote to us. He were about 14 weeks going. He had a good pasage they had one Death on board & one birth when they arrived there, He walked 3 days before He got lodghings there. Re pitched their tent and set of for work and he want to work Cherfull he got a room in his masters house and gets plenty of wood and water and pays twenty five shilings a week he said he was very sorry he did. not go their sooner. Mrs Cormode was here today and we drank tea to gather she is well and in good spirits and wishes to he remembered to you and Mr & Mrs Brew. She wants you all to keep up your spirits and try to do the best and help each other and you Dan try and make your fortune as soon as you can come home to get your friend you left in old mona. Mr Cormode and family is all well and Desires to be remembered to you all. Grand father and grand mother and uncle John is much as ushall and sends you their best respects and is very Glad that you like the place so well Daniel Tear & hirs sends you their best respects. She has another son his name is John Thomas about a month age. I must not for get letting you that Ann Cormode have got a Husband the 27 of August a Widower from K. Michael one of name of John Kaighin he triad a great many wirnen but they would not have him he came to Dan younels and Dams wife came up running to tell Pan that this man was in their house and that we wanted to speak to her she went down and spoke to him their 3 times he was in the gO-b married he has some land of his own he has a daughter. She is married he has his half and he is living with nan she has got very high since. Mr & Mrs
Garrat and all the family is well and sends you their best respects and wants to let ycu know that he he a very fine foal he got 7 pounds for him at the fair. Uncle & Aunt Kneale and all the family is well and sends you their respects. Mr & Mrs Kneen wants to be remembered to you William veg Tear and family. Uncle John Corrnode and family Thomas Quirk and family sends you their best respects. I hope you have not forgotten Mr Martain and his company. Mr & Mrs Howland and all the family sends you their respects, Uncle & Ant Joughin sends their respects. I cannot tell you Kitty Joughins Directions we will try and get it, let us know is you have any place of worship, the children are all and send you their kind love their often talking of you and wishing if your at one. Mr P Mrs Wade and family send their respects Esther Wade has been very poorly lately but she is getting better. I was see her she had the Jaundas she is at going out again. Give our respects to Mr & Mrs Brew & Mr & Mrs Kneen. Write soon, we are very happy to hear from you often.


Dhowine, Andreas January the 18, 1854

Dear Son,

We have once more this pleasure of writing you the few lines hoping this may find you in good health as it leaves us at present for which we feel thankfull to all mighty god for all his mercies to us. Dear Son we receive your kind letter last week and we were very happy to hear that you were well and that your health was so good and that you liked the place so well we are very hapy to hear that your getting a long so well may god bless you and prosper you in this world and in the world to come to Crown of Glory that will never fade away. Mothers health is very bad at preserrb and we are often thinking of you we have had a letter from William since we wrote to you and he was telling us in his letter that he had been at the gold diginga he said they were 11 days going from Melburne to the digings it was a very bad Road they had to lie down in their Blankets on the u——it Grass at night and at other times had to Clear the mud a way with there shovels no houses to take shelter in except public houses which are more or less infested with theives and robers he worked himself and too more five weeks at the digings and found but little and not half enough to pay expences and never slept a night in house from the time that he left his own house till he came back again he said he was able to clear from 15 shilings to a pound every day at his trade Clear of every pence he meet Thomas Kneale there but his trade was no-b very good in that place he wrote home lately and said his health was very good and that he liked that place well it is a healthy place James Wade has wrote home lately the got ther safe they were going to the digings when the wrote, William Kneen said in his letter that is was not Knee Boots the wanted but Hip Boots hiking the Roads was so had William Moore was wondering in his letter that you did not write to him his Directions, Flinder Street Cottage, No 87 Flinder Street, Melburne he said he hoped you had no hard feelings against him when you did not write to him I must not forget telling you that Ru Chrot Voar is taken from us the gatherin from every Quarter that day the were like wild things for it. John Garrat and John Corkill were hiding first Rate but the did not get it for all Daniel Tear have got it he is paying 9 pounds . 2 and sixpence besides tithes we will hiss it from us in many respects our wheat was very poor this year we had only 4 bowls & 3 tubs the prices and every thing is very high this year the Red wheat is 30 shilings a bowl and the white 2 pounds it was a very dull Christmas we had this year there was no tea party any where about us but in K Bride and we had a dale of snow and frost then there is more of the young people about us marred since we wrote to you Jane Curphey is not Marrd yet but i think it will be soon her old Customer is coming often but we have never found out who he is Grand Mother and Jane Curphey sends you their Respects and is saying the sou]. wonder at Mr Brew coming home to get a wife of his own native Cuntry and you better folow his steps. Uncle John Tear, wife and son came home in November the understand now something about the we were of that cuntry now. Give our respects to Mr and Mrs Brew and Mather in particular. Give my Respects Mrs Kneen I was speaking her father and mother lately there well grand father & grand mother & uncle John sends you their respects & Mr Daniel Tear & Mrs sends their respects & Mr & Mrs Cormode and all the family sends you their respects and is happy to hear that you are doing well. Mr JC and Mrs and all the family sends you their respects, Mr & Mrs Quirk and the family sends their respects and HUn is very poorly of a Consumption. Mr & Mrs Corlet and family sends their respects William Kelley Ballamanagh is dead. He died new years day he died happy in the Lord. Mrs Cain is dead dress maker Uncle and Ant Kneale and all the family is well and sends you their respects, your old Neibours are all well and sends you their respects, our children are all well and sends you their respects and is often talking of you and wishing if you would come home Thomas is speakin much planer now than when you were at hone he wants me to tell you that he is reading, Mary A. wants to know who is cleaning your shous now. Dear Dan we are often thinking of you we are hapy to hear from you often Jane Cormode wants Mrs Brew to write her a letter Mr & Mrs Wade sends their respects, your friend Esther has been very poorly since we wrote but she is getting better Ann Kneale send Mr & Mrs Brew her respects and you this same Dan. I think She will have a husband John Kneale youni yormey is coming to see her prety often. Wm & Daniel Cormode sends you their respects when you will write fit Mrs Brew sends a note in your letter to her mother. Dear. brot.her I must say that I feel hapy to hear from you write soon and forget us not.


Dhowine, Andreas June 17, 1854

My Deer Son,

We have once more the pleasure of writing you these few lines hoping this may find you well as this leaves us at present excepting Mother she is of-ten poorly we received your Welcome letter the 5 of this mounth and we are very hapy to hear that your health is so good and that you like the place so well thank be to God for all his goodness to us you wanted to know if we had a letter from William we have not heard from him ye-b we are expecting a letter every week it makes us very uneasy about him I hope we will hear from him soon we did not get a letter from: him since November indeed it Is a comfort to us to hear from you often we are very hapy that Mr and Mrs Brew is so ComfOrtable and that their health is so good we are very Glad to hear that she have gained that law suit we are very hapy too hear that their geting forward in the world we are very Glad to hear that Mr & Mrs Christian have found out their old friends in America I hope they will like the place we will be very Glad to hear of them: I am often thinking of Mrs Christian I am missing her away very math from our meeting we are often talking of her when we meet to gather & Jane I hope you will not forget us may God prosper you in this world and in the world to come a Crown of Glory that will never fade away I have some thing now to tell you that Catherine Joughin is marred to day to John Cringal he lives near the dog mill Uncle Kneale and ant and all the family is well and sends you their respects. They have got a letter from William Kneale last week he is well and doing well he is still in the same place he said he had wrote times but he had not received no answer. Grand mother Tear is well and sends you her best Respects she is hying with Mr & Mrs Cormode she is very comfortable now Mr & Mrs Cormode is well and all the family and sends you their respects. Their is a great many changes in Ballacunner since you were at home Daniel Tear and family is well and sends you their respects their hiveing in Ballactmner now and their Building a new Barn and Stable. Mrs Tear wants to know if you like the young lades of your place so well as the young women you left in old mona
-their is not any of the young women near Smeale marred yet so you may think it is hard times there is a good many dead this year Thomas henerey marred a young woman from Kirk Bride last July in Liverpool, Charley honeys daughter he is dead he died of a consumption in may Esther Tear thom a lord is dead she died very sudden she was a week poorly. Robert Cowley that was working with William Leace is dead he died in the Scarlet feaver the Children is often talking of you we would be very hapy to see you home once more Thomas is going to school and he Is learning well he is often tell us that he will be going to you their all learning well mother is spending her time very poorly. Give our respects to Mr & Mrs Brew & Mr & Mrs Christian your uncle
John & ant Cormode and all the family sends their Respects and Thomas Cormode intends comeing to America next year. Mr & Mrs Tade and family sends you their respects William Wade and Mrs sends you their Respects he would like very much if you were a time to make him a new cap. Catharine Quirk sends you her respects Mr & Mrs Howland and family, Mr & Mrs Garrat and family, & Mr & Mrs Kneen sends you their respects. Mr & Mrs Kaighin sends their respects I afraid we will be a good while waiting for bread and cheese from her. Mr & Mrs Tear weaver sends their respects. Willey is gesting to be a Clever young man, he intends becoming to America when he will get his trade learned. Please tell Mr & Mrs Brew that Ann Kneale is marred to Thomas Goldsmith, Miller of Ballavroire Mill, he had 4 children they went of on the sly. There is one of Bill Brew Girls marred to a son of Jemey Breaks. My Dear Brother I must not forget telling you that Heather your dear friend is well and I think she has not forgoten you yet. She was at Liverpool last week we are very friendly keep up your hiost. I think you will have a good chance of her yet so no more at present from your Dear Mother and sister. Forget us not Dear Son.


Dhowine, Andreas January 8th, 1855

My Dear Son,

It is with much pleasure we have once more taken our pen in hand to write you this few lines hopeing this may find you in good health as it leaves us at present excepting Mother, she is still spending her time very poorly, it is the Lords will and we must submit. My Dear Son we are very happy to hear that you are well and that your health is so good and that you like the place so well you have reason to be thankfull to God that the Cholera has not visited you as it has in many parts of America the last year there has been hundreds and thousands dead in the Cholera this year we have great reason to be thankfull to God for his goodness to us while he has visited many other parts with sickness, the Lord is still mercifull to us may God help us to be more faithfull we have many hard trials to meet with this world but blessed be God, he has promised to be a father to the fatherless and husband to the Widow. My Dear son we are often thinking of you and speaking of you, we were so glad when we got your letter that your health was so good may God bless you and prosper you in this world and in the world to come, life everlasting, all of us would be very happy to see you once more in this world, the Children is often talking of you and Thomas in peticular their going to school and their learning very well. Thomas can speak plian now and is getting a very smart boy and is learning well and the all join in sending you their kind love. John Kneale is speaking of comeing to America and wants to know what sort of Religon have you in your place and what is the farmers doing and labours in the winter he has not made up his mind yet. What part he will go to, you need not give him much incuragement because it is against his father and mothers will. They got a letter from William Kneale latley, he is well and is doing forstrate. We did not get a letter from William Moore since agust, we would like very much if we would hear oftener from him. I hope you will write often and not forgeting you wanted to know in your letter about deaths and maraghes. My Dear son i am sory to say that your dear friend that came to see you the last night you spent in sweet mona, Thomas Kneen is dead and i hope we may never forget his advice to us that night. He died about six weeks ago, he is gone home to heavin & may God help us to folow his steps. ne got a stroke of the Polsey in the begining of harvest and he never got better and William Kneale Billy yormey is dead. Mr Kneen lost in our neibourhood is great, my Dear brother I mus not forget telling you that Margaret Gawne is marred the 23 of December to John Kewley a shoe maker from Laxey. She had a very smart weiding, he came from Laxey in a cart and five with him. Miss Esther Wade and Dinah was their and William Quayle he is in Mr Wades this year, Miss Esther was praised very high that day, she was with Mr & Mrs Tear Ballakenag. My Dear Brother I have made a botch in this letter, I have writen the wrong side of the leaf you must try and do your best of reading it Ellen Jane Garrat and John Christian Ballacallow Kirk Bride is married last week. Please give our best respects to Mr & Mrs Brew, we are very hapy to hear that they like the place so well, give our respects to Mr & Mrs Christian, we are happy to hear that they like the place so well, Mrs Christian was hear some night on last week and she was very anxious to know about them, how they were geting along, his father is very poorly this long time. She wanted them to write as soon as posible and let them know how the were geting along. Mr & Mrs Quirk and family sends you their respects, Thomas Quirk is not very well at present, he is hather wrong in his mind. Mr & Mrs Cormode & grand mother and all the family sends you their respects, Mr Cormode thinks that there is not much horses where you are. Mr & Mrs Teare wants to be remembered to you. John Cormode and family, Mr & Mrs Howlamd and family, Uncle and Ant Kneale and family, Mr & Mrs Garrat, William Teare and family, Mr & Mrs Corlet and family, and Mr & Mrs Wade sends you their respects. Your father and mother and sister is well, the old Cooper is gone to Australia about 2 month ago. Charley Moore and Wife is dead len Moore everything is very dear at present. It is in the farmers feavour, but it is hard times for poor people, so no more at present from your Dear Mother my dear son, forget me not.

(to be continued in January 1986 issue)

Daniel R. Tears,
1454 W. Main SI, Road,
MI 48766, U.S.A.



Kirk Bride MI’s

334 In memory/ of/ DANIEL JOUGHIN/ of Ballaquark,/ who died 8th April
188l,/ Aged 70 years./ Also Mary,/ beloved wife of the above,! died
28 Aug. 1904,/ in her 84th year./ Also Charles Joseph,/ son of the
above,/ died 17 Dec. 1887,/ Aged 29 years./ Interred in All Saints
Churchyard/ Somerset — East South Africa.

345 In memory of/ JOHN DANIEL CLEATOR of Bride ,/ who died January 28th1870/ Aged 32 years./ Also/Thomas,/ brother of the above/ who died at Bonny, Africa,! April 23rd 1874/ Aged 18 years.


Church Discipline, Ecclesiastic Courts, Presentments — 1705

At Bishopscourt on the 8th November, 1705, William Christian at Kirk Christ, Lezayre, who had committed incest and adultery with wifes sister’s daughter, Anna Christian, was sentenced to be committed a month in St. Germans Prison, and his release to give bonds to perform ensuing censure.













Kirk Patrick



Henry Watterson, buried 14th February



Kirk Arbory



Henry Waterson, of Colby, died 1st November



Thomas Waterson, died 25th August



Elinor Waterson, alias Cubbin, his wife, died 3rd March



Isabel Watterson, alias Shimmin, wife of John Watterson,3rd April



John Watterson, 5th June



Kirk Rushen



William & Elinor Watterson, infants



Samuel, son of Henry & Margaret Watterson ofPort St Mary, 17th June



John Watterson, 10th August



Alice Watterson, alias Karran, buried 14th May



James Watterson, died 11th February



Margaret, daughter of John Wati~erson, buried 29th January



Henry Watterson, buried 29th December



Anne Watterson, alias Hanlon, alias Cotter, died 18th March



Thomas Waterson, her husband, buried 15th September



Henry, son of John & Anne Waterson, died 14th February



Christian Waterson, alias Taylor, buried 23rd July



John Waterson, died 10th June



John Watterson, Rey willin, died 16th September



Jane Waterson, alias Gawn, wife of Edward Waterson,died 26th June



John Waterson, perished at sea, near Douglas, 21st September buried 23rd September



John Waterson, buried 9th November



Rushen Burials

20 JUL 1835 — Ann, wife of William Gell, aged 27.
"Died in child bed after giving birth to 3 children".

14 MAY 1837 — Ann, wife of John Moore, aged 29.
"This woman. died in child bed after giving birth to 3 children, she went on well for about a week, but it is supposed caught a cold which brought on inflammatiom of the lungs, of which she died".



Source: 1871 Census, Reel 2, Nelson Library, Lancashire:

BUTLER, Charlotte E 54 Cook Deaf Isle of Man
QUAYLE, Caroline E 21 Kirk Patrick
FARAGHER, Sarah H 18 St Johns

Source: 1861 Census, Newcast1e—on—~Tyne, District 18, St. Andrews, Schedule 157 Film No: 4

ADAMSON, John N. 6yr I .O.Man
ADAMSON, Lawrence 1yr I .O.Man
(Sons of Ann Adamson, visitors to John Abbot, 4 Saville Place, Newcastle.

Source: 1851 Census, Whitehaven, Holy Trinity, Endis I:

KILLIP, Samuel Husband, Married, 35yrs, Nail Maker, born Isle of Man
Letitia Wife, Married, 41 yrs
Sophia Dau 17 yrs, Lathe Turner,
Wni. Son 12y rs, Scholar
Letitia Dau 3 yrs born Whitehaven
.. Thos. Son 2mths
(all residing at: 3 Barkers Buildings)

Source: 1871 Census, Reel I, Nelson Library, Lancashire:

FARGHER, Thomas H 25 yrs born: Isle of Man

Source: 1851 Census, 25 Cornwall Street, Manchester (M7627):

MAWDESLEY, Ruth Wall, Daughter, Unmarried, 20yrs, Dressmaker, born: Isle of Man

Source: 1851 Census, Haiboine, Birmingham, 146 Bridge Street:

BAILLIE, William Husband, Married, 56 yrs, Chelsea Pensioner, born: Isle of Man
Maria Wife, Married, 56 yrs, born: Smethk, Staff.
William Son, 19 yrs, Bootmaker, born: Portsmouth

134 Bridge Street:

WESTON, James Head Married 45 yrs Boilermaker born: Oldbury,worcestershire
ANN Wife 41 yrs Boilermaker’s Wife Isle of Man

Source: 1851 , St. Thanas, Birmingham, 3 Inge Street:

SIMPSON, Henry Visitor, Married, 35 yrs, Man Servant, born: Isle of Man

Source: 1851 Census, Harborne, Birmingham, L. Cross Street:

ORE, George, Lodger, Unmarried? W.? 24yrs, Striker, born: Isle of Man

Grove Lane, Harborne:

CURRAN, John Head Married 27yrs Smith born: Isle of Man

Source: 1851 Census, Edgbaston, Birmingham; 55 Oaks Cottage, Northfield:

GRANT, Emily Visitor 8yrs Scholar born: Isle of Man

Source: 1851 Census, Page 1013, Ladywood, Birmingham; Albion St., District 21:

WHITESIDE, Ramsey Unmarried, Visitor, 7yrs, Scholar, born: Douglas

Grosvenor St. West:

TINION, Esther Daughter Unmarried, 16yrs, born: Isle of Man


ANN BRIDSON: baptised: 31st January 1819, Isle of Man
married: HENRY BURRELL of Ipswich, Queensland, Australia
died: 2nd January 1852 at Ipswich, Queensland.

ELIZABETH BRIDSON: baptised: 16 ? March 1816, Douglas
married: BENJMIN CRIBB, born Dorset, England on
25th August 1839, Covent Garden, London.
arrived: 1849 Ship "Chaseley", Brisbane, Queensland
died: 4th March 1852, Ipswich, Queensland, Australia.

HENRY CHRISTIAN: born: 1827, Isle of Man
arrived: in Oregon, U.S.A. 18th July 1851
Filed for citizen July 1851 at Umpqua County, Oregon;
Staked donation land claim 551, 15th August! 25th
December 1851 at Umpqua County, Oregon;
Now part of Douglas County.

ELEANOR SARAH FITZSIMMONS: born: 28th August 1827, Isle of Man married: PETER THOMSON
died: 27th December 1915, Brisbane, Qld/Australia
Queensland death certificate 84/15

died: 13th January 1894, aged 23yrs
Information from: St. James Anglican Church Records, Manitoba Genealogical Society,
Box 2066, Winnipeg, R3C 3114.


Last Will & Testament of John Christian of Ballacallow, Kirk Bride Oct 1799

October 10th 1799

In the name of God Amen.

The Last Will and Testament of John Christian of Ballacallow in the Parish of KK Bride being sick & rather weak in body but of Perfect sound mind & memory at the making hereof:-

First I do commit my Soul to God & my body to Christian Burial.

Item. I do Leave and Bequeath to my Brother Wm. Christian the Amount of all the maney a Mortgaged in his own lands belonging to me as Legacy.

I do Leave and Bequeath to my Brother’s Son in Law namely John Crow/Airy/ all the Money belonging to me/ which is in a Mortgage in John Crow’s own Lands as Legacy.

I do Leave and Bequeath to my Sister Judy Christian all the money belonging to me in /Rheean Corkagh/ in Mortgage and all the money belonging to me in John Kneale /Tocs’s/ in Mortgage and also a Quarter of My crop as Legacy.

I do Leave and Bequeath to my Sister Bahee Christian all the money belonging to me in a Mortgage in /Close rny Gramrnan/ and also the Amt. of a Mortgage in Wm. Calley’s Croft and also a Quarter of my Crop as a Legacy.

I do Leave and Bequeath to Daniel Christian /Ballabeg/ Fifteen Pounds of the Money which Daniel Kneen has belonging to me as Legacy,

Item. I do Leave and Bequeath to John Christian /Ballafail/ John ChristIan /Ballaquark/ and Wm. Christian /Ballabeg/ Three Pounds each of the Money belonging to me in Mortgage in Ballachrink as Legacy.

I do Leave and Bequeath to my Sister Mary Christian /Ballaquark/ Ten Pounds of the Money belonging to me in Mortgage in Ballachrink as Legacy.

I do Leave and Bequeath to the Children of Dorothy Christian /Bailafail/ Nine Pounds between them of the Money belonging to me in Mortgage in /Ballachrinck/ as Legacy.

I do Leave and Bequeath to my Grand Nephew John Christian widow Christian’s Son,/ Twenty Pounds of the Money belonging to me in Mortgage in Patrick Knea- Land as Legacy.

I do Leave and Bequeath to the Four Children of Margaret Christian /Ballavarkys/ widow has at her own House Twenty Pounds between them of the Money belonging to me in Mortgage in Patrick Kneale’s Land as Legacy.

I do Leave and Bequeath to Marget Christian /widovi/ Ballavark’s the Honey she has in her own hands belonging to me, as Legacy.

I do Leave and Bequeath to the Poor of the Parish Th--- Pounds to be put on Interest for their use.

I do Leave and Bequeath to Phillip Christian, Sal-- Christian and Charlotte Christian all of /Ballaquark/ Twenty Pounds between them of the Money belonging to me in Mortgage in Gilbert Christian’s Land, as Legacy - and the Remainder of the Money which Gilbert Christian has to my Executors.

I do Leave and Bequeath to my Sisters Judy Christian and Bahee Christian the assiggment which I have on the of Grenaby and also the Amt. of a mortgage which James Brew Esq., had in the aforsd. Estate which I clear’d of ---- as Legacy.

I do Leave and Bequeath to my Grand Nephew Wm. Christian/wid/Christian Ballavarky’s/ son the Amt, of a mortgage which John Kneale Stanley had on the Estate of Grenaby which I cleard of and also which Thos. Cowin had which I cleard of as Legacy.

I do Leave and Bequeath to ray grand Nephew Wm. Christian Wiid/Christian
Ballavarky’s Son one Half ?moisty of any Horses, Cattle and Sheep, one Cart --ow and Harrows, and a quarter of my crop as Legacy and Likewise I care of my aforsd. Grand Nephew Wm. Christian.

I do Leave and Bequeath to Isabel Christian, Margret Christian and Jane Christian /Ballabeg/ my Sisters Children Ten Pounds each as Legacy of the Money which I had in Mortgage in the San’s Croft and the remainder of sd. Mortgage which I have in Sans Croft to Daniel Christian /Ballabeg/ as Legacy.

I do Leave and Bequeath to Daniel Christian /Ballabeg/ all the Money which I have in Mortgage in Thomas Kaneen’s House and also one Quarter of my Crop as Legacy.

Lastly I do Nominate, Constitute, appoint, Ordain my Sisters, Judy Christian and Bahee Christian, whole and Sole Executors of all the Rest of my Goods, Chattels and Effects, moveable and Immovable of what kind soover, and to the witnesses of my Will Five Shillings each as Legacy, of Witnesses present.

John Christian X his mark



The day of our long—awaited trip dawned grey and depressing. I wondered whether the winds and the seas might be too rough for our journey to the Calf of Man, so I decided to ring our trip organiser Priscilla Lewthwaite to see if we were still going. A surprised voice answered me, "Certainly the trip was still on"

Arriving at Port Erin, we made our way along the harbour - there was the motor boat bobbing merrily up and down on a decidedly choppy looking sea. A friendly seaman helpfully pulled us down into the boat and we were soon heading out to sea. The feel of the small boat on the water turned my thoughts to our fisher ancestors, and to those who had emigrated in sailing ships and faced weeks without sight of land. Here we were, so close to shore and what was happening? Huge waves rolled towards us, lifted us up and took us down again, so far we feared that we might never surface. The boat was heading now towards the Sound. All eyes turned to the seamen and we noted with relief that while the elder man concentrated on guiding the boat, the younger one leant back as nonchalently as was possible under the circumstances and smiled and laughed asking us how we were, and assured us we would be in calmer waters in just 15 minutes. The boat tossed so violently mow, we all hung onto something to prevent being lost overboard, I was terrified. One young lady looked rather ill, everyone else managed to give the impression that they did this sort of thing all the time.

At last we were in the Sound and rather calmer conditions. On the rocks dozens of seals were basking, and as we approached they slid into the water. We settled down to enjoy the rest of the journey. But what was this? "I’m afraid we can’t take you to Safe Harbour, so we’ll let you off on the rocks here’." It couldn’t be true! But it was. Feeling like castaways, we stood on the slippery rocks 20 or 30 yards away from the safety of the steps up the cliffs, but between were seaweed strewn rocks and pools.

We turned around — already the little boat was disappearing — to Port St. Mary this time — to pick-up the rest of our party. We made our way gingerly over the rocks and reached the safety of the steps with just one accident victim - my husband — and after me badgering him to accompany us.

All over the rocks and round the steps mere seagulls nests, some containing eggs, and immediately next to the steps, about half-way up, a nest containing a chick, so newly hatched it had a piece of shell still on its back. At the top of the steps, with the fresh wind blowing in our faces, we stopped and consulted our maps that were so thoughtfully provided by Priscilla, and set off on our trek round the Island. Some of us were surprised to find such good paths for walking. Somehow we had imagined ourselves traipsing through bags and heather all day. In the centre of the Island was the bird observatory and in this area we were sheltered from the worst of the wind, enjoying walking in the sunshine, and watching the many rabbits scampering in the grasst The sun and the peaceful atmosphere created a feeling of wellbeing and there was much talk of families returning later in the season for a few days holiday. Apparently it is possible to stay at the observatory, but permission must first be sought from the Manx Museum and the accommodation is spartan and limited. Each visitor must bring with him all the food necessary and take back to the mainland all his own rubbish.

When we reached the far side of the Island in the lighthouse area, we sat down to devour our packed lunches and Priscilla passed round a potted history of the Calf of Man, which we read with interest. It was here that the rest of our party caught up with us. We were astonished to hear that they also had been set down on the rocks, but that even amongst the more venerable of our members, no one had suffered the slightest nishap. After this we made our way along the very pretty east coast to Safe Harbour where we lounged in the sun or walked on the cliffs until the arrival of our boat.

Approximately 1878, the Calf was owned by George Carey who built the present farmhouse and most of the farm buildings. It is built of stone and above the porch is a Latin inscription which means "Small house, Great peace." He kept several servants and a gamekeeper. The main source of income was the sale of rabbits, whose skins were valuable, The rabbits were introduced to the Calf by the Earl of Derby around 1670 and were to play an important part in the islands economy. The Earl had several attempts to try and establish deer on the Calf, but failed for various reasons. It was said that the deer used to swim across the Sound and raid the farmers crops on the Isle of Man. Sheep thrived there, and at one time there were beef cattle, a pair of horses for ploughing, pigs, some cows to provide milk and a bull. Crops grown there were mainly oats and turnips and other animal foodstuffs.



"Ritchey Betsy" Costain

Wm. Cubbon, Manx Museum., Director & Librarian (1865-1955)

"At the end of July 1951, while Harry and I were motoring along the Embankment in London, I saw, planted on a large wooden structure in the river, the name of Richard Costain & Sons. They were, Harry (Cubbon) said, the builders of a new bridge across the river for the Festival of Britain. The story of ‘Ritchey Betsy’ came into my mind, and of his struggles in the 1870s and 1880s in England.

'Ritchey Betsey' was so called because his mother was a Betsy Costain (Betsy Redhead); I don’t know the name of his father, but she was one of the Costains, Ballachrink, and she gave her name to her son, Richard.

When Richard had learned the trade of a joiner in Colby village, he undertook bigger jobs than most young fellows, and was looked upon as one of the best craftsmen in the parish of Arbory.

Richard emigrated to England and settled near Blundellsands, Liverpool.

He soon saved a bit of money, like those of the Ballachrink family did, and was lucky in his speculations. He built several houses of the working class type, sold them and built others. He would buy a tract of land and build terrace after terrace, and soon was looked upon as a most successful and capable builder. He was wise enough to get a few of his old chums in Kirk Arbory to work as masons and joiners for him. A few of them I knew, such as Joe Karran of Croit-e-Caley, but he got some of his own blood as well. I think he married a Kneen of Croit-e-Caley, and one of the family went out and helped him very materially, financially and otherwise. I remember as a boy of about six or eight seeing coming to our house a son of Ritchie Betsy. He was visiting the Kneens a few yards from our home. The boy was about the same age as myself, but he was precocious. There were about five or six of us youngsters in our kitchen, and this young Costain took to bossing the lot. He said: "Now we’ll have service, for this is a chapel". He played the harmonium on a comb, and after a hymn he took a prayer, and we all joined in properly at the end, doing ‘Our’ Father’ very well he said. He then read a lesson; it was a parable. Then he preached the sermon. It lasted about five or six minutes and we all thought it most inspiring. I forgot to say that on all occasions when he spoke, he got on to the little round kitchen table, and we all sat around, some on chairs and some on a form, and the fire was out when mother came in. It may be that this precocious youth became the Rev. A.J. Costain who was for a large number of years the Principal of Rydal Mount School, Colwyn, who I know was the son of ‘Ritchie Betsy’. He wrote in 1930 a charming account of T.E. Brown, in the Memorial volume published in that year."


1. The firm of Richard Costain & Sons is now celebrated in Mann.
St. Ninians Church, a noble edifice, was erected by the firm, and stands in a prominent part of Douglas, a fine memorial to the late H.B. Hoble, — and the Costains too. The firm in 1951 built the Cubbon Memorial Wing at Noble’s Hospital, and is at present building the new Nurses’ Home.
2. As the Rev. A.J. Costain was born in 1881, the small boy must have been one of his elder brothers, either Arthur, Henry or Percy.

R. Kissack

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