[extracted from Kneen ]


 Abban [], dim. of abb, ' an abbot'; the name of a famous Irish saint of the 6th century, to whom Keeill Abban in the parish of Kirk Braddan is dedicated.

Adam [], Heb. Adam, D.7is The root means 'ground, Barth' according to the Biblical derivation given in Genesis. There the name is said to be derived from adamah ' ground' because Adam was made out of the earth.

Adaue, Aue [adaeu'], Adam, an asp. form

Adde, s.n., a contracted form of Adam.

Ae, s.n. [], Ae, Hugh; C. *Aldus, 'fire'; OI. Aed.

*Airh [], Aurelius.

Alexander, v. Mister.

Aleyn [], Alan or Allen; an ancient Ir. pers. name. Woulfe says that it is probably a dim. of some name commencing with ail-,'noble'. Lat.Ailenus. Alan, Lord of Galloway, married the dau. of Reginald I of Mann and the Isles. This was also the name of a 14th-century bishop of Mann. Lat. Alanus (CM.). Alan de Wygeton appointed V. of Kirk Arbory, A.D. 1291 (RS.).

Alister [], Alexander; 'Gr. 'AA~avopos (Alexandros), " defending men"; perhaps the most widespread as well as the most famous of all personal names. The conquests of Alexander the Great caused it to become widely diffused among eastern nations, while the large number of saints and martyrs of the name in the early Church—the Roman Martyrology mentions no fewer than thirty-nine—popularized it all over Europe. It was introduced into Scotland by Queen Margaret, where it was borne by three of the Scottish kings and became a national name' (Woulfe).

Alistryn [], a form of Mister, -t.v. 8

Allow [], ON. *Alfr, 'elf' or 'fairy'; a common Christian name in the Isle of Man in the 16th century and after.

Alured [], Alfred; OK. Alfred, 'elf-counsel'; Lat. Alfredus, Aluredus.

Ambrus [], Gr. 'A`u/3poatos (Ambrosios), 'immortal, divine'. This is the coil. pronunciation in the south of the island.

Andra [], another form of Andrew, q.v.

Andreays [], Andrew; Gr. 'Av~pEas (Andreas), from Atop(aner), gen. apropos (andrbs), 'man'; the name of one of the Twelve Apostles, the brother of S. Peter. The parish of Kirk Andreas is dedicated to this saint. Probably introduced from Scotland into Mann.

Andrew [], a var. of Andreays, -t.v. Norman-French 'Andreu'. v. Nicholson in Surnames.

Anghus [], Angus; C. *Oino-gustos, 'one-choice'; OI. Oingus. Engus, another form, was the name of a Mx. chieftain (CM.).

Artur [], Arthur; said to be of C. den meaning, 'high or noble'. Woulfe says that it is of uncertain origin.

Ascon [], by palatalization, Aston; Ir. Cocoon, the name of a saint to whom the little church, near Knock y Doonee, Kirk Andreas, was dedicated.

Askell [], s.n.; ON. Asketill, 'the sacred kettle or cauldron of the gods'. Its modern palatalized form was Astell.

Asmund [], s.n.; ON. Asmundr, 'fee of the gods'. v. Casement in Surnames.

Aulay, Auley [], ON. *Olafr, 'ancestral relic'; S. Olav, King of Norway, who was slain in battle, 29 July 1030, has made it one of the most popular of Scandinavian names.

Austeyn [], s.n., 'Augustine, Augustin, Austin, etc.; Lat. Augustinus, dim. of Augustus, " venerable "; the name of the renowned Bishop of Hippo and Doctor of the Church; also of the Apostle of England' (Woulfe). It has also been confused with the Norse name Stein, v. Steen.


Barnab [], Barnabas.

Bearnard [], Bernard, Frank. Bernhard, 'strong-bear, brave-warrior'; the name of the celebrated Abbot of Clairvaux, whose fame made it universal in Europe. This name was borne by a Mx. prelate.

Bertrem, Bertram; Teut. 'bright, raven'.

Bradan, Braddan [], the name of a C. saint to whom the parish of Kirk Braddan is dedicated. v. KPN. p. 173. Lat. Bradanus. If not a form of Brendan, the name of several famous Ir. saints, it may represent the Ir. blown (Mx. braddan), ' a salmon', which was used in Ireland as a pers. name.

Brian [], v. O Brian. A name made famous by King Brian Born, victor of Clontarf.

Brice, Bris. This name occurs early. Perh. a pet form of Ir. tpearat; OI. Bressal, from C. *brestelos, 'strife, war'.

Brus []. An aphetic form of Ambrus or Ambrose. Used in the south.


Callan [], dim. of Catat (C. *Kat~valos, 'battle-mighty'). Mod.Ir. Cattan. The name of an Ir. saint to whom a ch. in Mann was dedicated. v. KPN. p. 264.

Cane [], s.n., Ir. Catan, 'warrior'.

Carbry [], OI. Cairbre, 'charioteer'. The name of four saints mentioned in the Martyrology of Donegal, to one of whom the parish of Kirk Arbory is dedicated. v. KPN.

Carmane [], German; the name of a saint to whom the parish of Kirk German is dedicated. v. KPN. p. 373. Lat. Carmanus, Germanus.

Cavalier, 1761. A Christian name used by the Christians of Milntown.

Cesar [], Lat. 'emperor'. Caesar.

Chalse [], coll. form of Charles.

Colum [kol~am], Columba, 'dove'. Made famous by S. Columcille (Mx. Colum Killey), apostle of Scotland, whose name signifies 'dove of the church'. The parish of Kirk Arbory is also dedicated to this saint.

Colyn, a pet form of Nicholas.

Conchor [kon'axor, keener], Ir. ConCobap. An ancient and very common Ir. name meaning 'high will or desire'. Conchar Yrinough (Irishman) had an intack in Kirk German in A.D. 1600 (LM.).

Connaghyn [kon'axan], Conchan; Ir. conCenn, 'dog-head or wolf-head', an Ir. name for S. Christopher. The parish of S. Conchan is dedicated to this saint. Lat. Conchanus. v. KPN. p. 209.

Corcan [kor'kan], s.n., dim. of Co~c, 'heart'.

Cowan [kau'an], s.n. Ir. Coffl~;an, OI. Comgan, 'co-birth'.

Cowel [kaul], OI. Comgell, 'co-pledge, fellow-hostage' (Mx. Co-ghiall), Mod.Ir. Corhl;att. The name of several Ir. saints, to one of whom, at least, a church in Mann was dedicated. v. KPN. p. 263.

Creenan, dim. of creen, 'old, worn out'; creeney, 'wise' (Ir. cp10n, c~'onan).

Cristal-l [kris'tal], s.n., a pet form of Christopher.

Cristen, Cristeen [kriJ'tlan, kriJ tJi:n'], ON. Kristinn, a Christian. A Mx. bishop bore this name. Lat. Cristinus (CM.).

Cristofer, Cristopher [krist'afar], Gr. xptaTo~c~poS (Christophoros), 'Christ-bearing'.

Custal [], col. Another form of Cristal, -t.v.

Cutell, ON. Ketill, Ir. Co1~1t, AS. Cytel, 'cauldron'. Cutell was the father of one of the witnesses to a charter of Olave I. v. Eudo.

Cutpert, 1728. Cuthbert AS. 'well-known splendour'.


Danell [], s.n., another form of Donal, -t.v.

David, David; Heb. David[h], 1',1 (or 1~) is the Hebrew spelling, 'beloved', ' probably a shortened form of Dodayahu " beloved of Jehovah "; the name of the great King of Israel psalmist and prophet; the national name in Wales, out of reverence for S. David of Menevia' (Woulfe).

Dic [], s.n., pet form of Richard.

Dicon, s.n., pet form of Dick.

Dilnow, a dialect form of Gilnow, -t.v. v. Corkill.

Dionysius, Gr. belonging to Dionysos. v. Dennis.

Dolen, Dolyn [], a metathetic form of Donal, -t.v.

Donal, Donald [], often translated Daniel. OI. Domnall, from C. *Domno-valos, 'world-mighty'. The name of a Mx. chieftain (CM.). Domnald, AD. of Mann 1257. Dofnald, Rect. of Kirk Arbory, d. A.D. 1291 (RS.). Donald MCCorkyll, Rect. of the ch. of S. Mary of Balylagh, A.D. 1408. Donnald, V. of the ch. of S. Patrick of Jorby, A.D. 1408, Donnald, CR., 1408. This has always been a popular Mx. Christian name and is still found.

Doncan []. The Ir. form is Oonn~ao; OI. Donuchad, Dunchad, from C. *Donnocatus, *Dunocatus, 'brown warrior or strong-warrior'. Angl. in Ireland Donogh, Donough, Donaghy, Donat, Denis, Duncan. The usual Scottish form is Duncan, whence it was probably introduced into Mann. Donekan or Duncan Mac Toryn was a Dm. in A.D. 1290. RPar. v. Gorry, s.n.

Doolish [], mod. Douglas.

Dugal [], Ir. Dubgall, 'black stranger'. The Ir. name for the Danes on account of their dark hair and complexion. Dugal or Dufgal was the name of a Mx. prince.


Eaghan, Ir. Cac~nn, often anal. Hector. v. Kaighan.

Ean [E:n], a Scottish form of Eoin, John. The Mac Eains were chiefs of Ardnamurchan in Scotland. Ean is the form found in the Scriptures. The usual form is the English John. v. Eoin.

Ector, Hector.

Edard [], Edward, OK. Eadweard, 'blessed-guard', the name of two saintly kings of England, known respectively as Edward the Martyr and Edward the Confessor. Lat. Eduardus.

Edin [e'd3an], Edwin; OK. Eadwine, 'rich-friend'.

Edmund [ed~mund], OK. Eadmund, 'blessed protection': the name of a saintly King of England, who was martyred on 20 November 870. In Ireland this name is gaelicized as Eamonn, and is, in its turn, often englished Edward.

Eoin [jo:injl, John; Heb. 1ml', ~ grace or gracious gift of Jehovah'. A well.-known Biblical name. Two bishops of Mann bore this name. Lat. Johannes (CM.). John Allowe was one of the monks in Rushen Abbey when it was dissolved.

Erling, ON. Erlingr, dim. of jarl, 'earl'. v. Mac Cure in Surnames.

Euan, Evan, Ewan, various forms of John.

Eudo []. Eudo the Abbot—of Furness or Rushen—was one of the witnesses to a charter of Olave I.


Fargher. Olaf II, King of Mann and the Isles, mar. Christian, dau. of Ferkar, Earl of Ross. c. A.D.1210. V. same surname.

Ferdinand, Teut. 'brave'. Ferdinand Calcot (CRP. Doc. 56), A.D.1699.

Ferghus [], Fergus, often trans. Ferdinand; C. *Vergustus, 'super-choice', 'super-selection'. Formerly a common name in Gaeldom. Ten C. saints bore this name. Lat. Fergusius. v. Kerruish.

Filip [], Philip; Gr. dilA`,r1ros (Philippos), 'horse-lover'; the name of one of the Twelve Apostles. Does not occur as a forename in Mann until the beginning of the 16th century, or perh. a little earlier. v. Killip.

Fingal [], Ir. t~onnt;at or 1:10nngatt, 'fair valour or fair stranger'. The Ir. gave the latter name to the Norwegians on account of their fair hair and complexion. v. Dugal. This name was borne by a king of Mann.

Fingan [f], a famous Ir. saint to whom two churches were dedicated in Mann. v. KPN. p. 504. Dim. of Ir. ~10nn 'fair'. Lat. Finnianus, Fingenus, &c.

Finlo [], SL. 1422 Finloe, Finlow; 1429 Finly; LA. 1511 Fynlo-we, 1703 ffinlo. Ir. ~10nn-tut; (gen. t10nn-tota), 'fair Lugh'. Lugh was the pagan Sun-God of ancient Ireland and Mann. Cognate with Lat. I~x, 'light'. The Scottish form of the name is Fionn laoch, 'fair hero', which is probably a substitution for the older pagan name. The forename Finlo is probably derived from the older form. The name has always been popular in Mann and is still found. v. Kinley.

Finn, Fynn, Ir. p10nn, Mx. fynn, 'fair'. The Norsemen borrowed this name from the Ir. and popularized it. Fin was one of the witnesses to a charter of Olave 1. v. ~uco. ryll~c McKee, Dm., A.D.1408.

Fogolt, Fogal, Ir. fo-~;eatt, Mx. Fo-ghial, 'under promise or pledge'. Fogolt, Sheriff of Mann, d. in A.D. 1183 (CM.). Fogal Yvarson was also a witness to the above charter. Fogal Mac Hascatt was the Seneschal of Mann and was a witness to a charter of Magnus II A.D.1257.

Franck [fral~k], Frank, Francis; Fr. 'free'.

Frost, s.n., ON. Frosti, 'frost'.


Galfrid. From Galfridus the Lat. form of Geoffrey. v. Sharry. It is found in the early ch. registers both as a forename and surname.

Gamaliel, Heb. 'God is a Recompenser'. The name of a bishop of Mann.

George [], Gr. 1=ECUPYOS (Georgos), 'husbandman, rustic'. The name of the patron saint of England. Lat. Georgius.

Germot [], a form of Dermot, -t.v.

Gibbon [], a dim. form of Gilbert, -t.v. v. Fayle.

Gil [], Ir. goill, gen. form of Gall, 'a foreigner'. Gil, FAC. 1134

Gilander, s.n. v. Gilandrew.

Gilandrew [], Mx. Guilley Andrew or Andreays, 'servant of S. Andrew' (LA. 1511). Probably introduced into Mann from Scotland.

Gilaspick [], Bishop's servant. Translates Archibald in Gaelic.

Gilbeall, s.n. This is a mix-spelling for Gilveall, Ir. I;10tta rh'c1t, 'Michael's servant'.

Gilbert [], Frank. Giselbert, 'hostage-bright'. A common N. name. It has always been very popular in Mann, as also its dim. form, Gibbon. Often both forms were applied to the same man indifferently. A Mx. bishop bore this name. Lat. Gillebertus (CM.). v. Castell in Surnames.

Gilbrid, s.n., Ir. ~10tta 01~i~e, 'Brigit's servant'. Or possibly a metathetic form of Gilbert.

Gilcobragh, s.n., Ir. 7;10tta Cu1tb~e1t, 'servant of S. Cuthbert'.

Gilcolm [], Ir. Fj10tta Cotm; Sc. Gilla Chaluim; Mx. Guilley Cholum, 'servant of S. Columba'. Probably from Scotland. There was a Mx. chieftain of this name.

Gilcowel, s.n., Ir. Cotta Cornga~tt, 'servant of S. Comgall'.

Gilcrist ['], Mx. Guilley Chreest, 'servant of Christ'. A Mx. chieftain bore this name (CM). Gilcrist Mac Dowytt and Gilcrist Mac Nelle in the Keys A.D.1408.

Giles, Gr. 'with the aegis or kid', Lat. Aegidius, Fr. Gilles.

Gilhast, s.n. for Gilcas, Ir. Cotta Ca1r, 'curly-haired youth'. The t in Gilhast is epethetic.

Gilhonyl, s.n. Usually with epethetic i. Ir. E;10tta Cona~tt 'S. Conall's servant'.

Gill, v. Gill Gill the prior was one of the witnesses to a charter of Olave I. v. Eudo.

Gilleoin [], s.n., Ir. Fj10tta Mom, 'S. John's servant'.

Gilmartyn [ail mar'tan], Mx. Guilley Vartyn, 'servant of S. Martin'.

Gilmeall, LA. 1585. V. Gilveall.

Gilmere [] Ir. E;lotta mead, 'the merry, lively youth'; an old Ir. name, chiefly found in co. Sligo.

Gilmore [], Mx. Guilley Voirrey, 'servant of S. Mary'.

Gilno [], Mx. Guilley ny Noo, 'servant of the Saints' (Ir. Cotta no morn).

Gilpeddyr [], s.n., Ir. 3;1otta (ea~a1p, 'servant of S. Peter'.

Gilrea ['], s.n., Ir. I;10tta tI1abac, 'Grey Youth'.

Gilroy [ail roi'], s.n., Ir. Elotta letup, 'Red Youth'. v. Mylroi.

Gilvorra, s.n., Ir. Fj10tta 1^hu1pe, Mx. Guilley Voirrey, 'S. Mary's servant'.

Godred [god'rad], v. Gorry in Surnames. CM. Godredus. This name was borne by three Mx. kings.

Gorman, Ir. I;opman (dim. of gorm, 'blue'). Gormand the parson was a witness to a charter of Magnus II, A.D.1257 (Oliver, vol. ii, p. 89).

Gorry [gor'i], v. idem in Surnames.

Gospatrick, CM., W. Gwas Patrick, 'servant or man of S. Patrick'. The name of a Mx. chieftain.

Gubon, v. Gibbon.


Halward, ON. Hallvar~or, 'warden or custodian of the precious stone'. This chieftain was a kinsman of King Magnus II of Mann and the Isles, and was present with the latter on his ship in King Haco of Norway's expedition against Scotland, A.D.1262.

Hamond, ON. Hamundr, 'high tutelage'. The name of abishop of Mann in the days of Godred Crovan (1066-76). Lat. Hamondus (CM.).

Hane [he:n], an asp. form of Shane (Ir. Sean), John.

Harald [ha'rald], Harold; ON. Haraldr, 'army-might', Lat. Haraldus. A name borne by two kings of Mann.

Haver, ON. Hafr, 'he-goat'. This pers. name is found on a Runic cross. v. Habr. v. Cottier.

Hefare. Probably the same name as Haver, -t.v. Hefare was the father of John, a Mx. bishop.

Henry [hen'ari, han~ari], Tent. Heimrich or Heinrich, 'homeruler'. A common N. name. Henry Jackson was the last abbot of S. Mary of Rushen when it was dissolved in A.D. 1553. V. de Beaumont, s.n.

Homlyn, an asp. form of Thomlyn, -t.v.

Hommy, an asp. form of Tommy.

Huan [hju~an], another form of Juan or John; or perh. a dim. Of Hugh.

Hubart, s.n., Tent. Hubert, 'mind-bright'.

Huchon [hut'Jan], a dim. form of Hugh.

Hugen [human, hidden], a dim. form of Hugh.

Hugh [hju:], Tent. Hugo, 'mind, soul'. Hugo the priest was one of the witnesses to a charter of Olave I, A.D. 1134 (CMDO ) Usually a trans. of Aedh (Ae).

Humfrey, AS. 'support of peace'.

Hymyn, s.n., asp. form of Simon, -t.v.


Illiam [], William; Teut. Willehelm, Wilhelm, 'will-protection'; N. Willaume. A common N. name. The name of two bishops of Mann. Lat. Wilhelmas (CM.). William the Priest was one of the witnesses to a charter of Olave I (CMDO.). v. Eudo. William, V. of the ch. of the Holy Trinity in the fields (Rusher), A.D. 1408.

Ingemund [], ON. *Ingimundr, 'tutelage of youth'. An ancient Norse pers. name borne by a Mx. king (CM.).

Ivan, Yven [], another form of John. v. Juan, Ean, &c.

Ivar, Ivor, Yvar [], CM., ON. Ivarr (Yngvarr), 'young spring'. A name of two Mx. knights, one of whom slew King Reginald II in a meadow near Kirk Christ, Rushen. Ivor, brother of Olaf the Black, was killed, A.D. Iz70, at the Battle of Ronaldsway. Mary of Argyll, widow of Magnus, King of Mann, is said to have assisted the knight Ivar in an attempt to secure the throne of Mann.

Jamys [], James; Heb. Ya'qob, ~j7Y', see Gen. xv. 26. Here the name is connected with the word for heel, ~j79 (= the twisted part), and so in Hosea xii. 4. But perhaps the name really means 'he who twists', i.e. 'the twister'or'the artful one', as suggested by Gen. xxvii. 36. The name of the Jewish patriarch (Jacob) and of two of the Twelve Apostles. The anal. form James is den from the Spanish Jayme. Lat. Jacobus. James More was one of the monks of Rushen Abbey when it was dissolved.

Jenken [], an English dim. form (with -kin) of John, i.e. little John. The name was common in Mann in the 16th century. v. Skelly, s.n.

Jole, ON. Jolfr, 'Yule'. This name is also found on a Runic cross. v. Jualfr. Jole, whom the CM. states to have been a Manxman, was the father of Hamond, an IIth-century bishop of Mann. Jol Mac mars (manus ?) was one of the witnesses to a charter of Olave I. v. Eudo.

Juan [], John. Perh. from the Lat. form Johannus. This is considered a coil. form of John and is never used in sacred or solemn discourse.

Julius, Gr. 'downy bearded'.


Kellagh, s.n., Ir. Ce~ttdC, 'war, contention'.

Keniagh, Kennagh, Kenneth. v. Kennaugh.

Kerron [], s.n., Ir. C1~n, dim. of Ciar, 'black'.


Lagman [], CM., s.n. A king of Mann bore this name. From ON. Logmabr, 'a lawman or lawgiver'.

Lauerinn [], another form of Laurence, -t.v.

Laurence [], Lat. Laurentius, i.e. 'belonging to Laurentum, a town in Latium'; the name of a celebrated Roman deacon who suffered martyrdom under Valerian, in the 3rd century. Laurence was a bishop-elect of Mann, who was drowned with King Harald of Mann and the Isles, on his return from Norway in A.D. 1249 (CM.).

Laurys [], another form of Laurence, -t.v. Ir. tabp~r.

Leonard, Teut. 'strong as a lion'. Lat. Leonardus, Fr. Leonard, Ger. Leonhard.

Lewes, Teut. 'famous warrior'. Lat. Ludovicus, Fr. Louis, Ger. Ludwig.

Loghlin [], Ir. toct~nn, 'Scandinavia'. Loglen was the name of a kinsman of Harald I of Mann.

Lonan [], the name of eight Ir. saints, to one of whom the parish of Kirk Lonan is dedicated. Dim. of Ir. ton (Mx. Ihon), 'a blackbird'. v. KPN. p. 241. Lat. Lonanus.

Lucas [], 'Gr. AoVKas (Loukas), traced by Jerome to the Hebrew and explained by him as meaning "resurrection ", but generally considered to be a contraction of the Greek form, Aoulcavos (Loukanos), of the Lat. Lucanus, a Roman forename probably derived from Lucania, a district in southern Italy; the name of one of the Four Evangelists, native of Antioch and physician by profession' (Woulfe). A common forename and surname in Mann.

Lugh [], Lucius. The C. sun-god.


Machonna, 'My Conna', Ir. Conn, C. *Kondos, 'sense, reason, intelligence'. The name of a Mx. saint who belonged to Inis Patrick. His shrine was carried away to Norway by the Norsemen following a raid upon the sacred edifices thereon A.D.798. A replica of this shrine may be seen in the Manx Museum.

Magnus [], Lat. magnus, 'great '; adopted by the Norsemen in honour of Charlemagne—Carolus Magnus. This name was borne by two kings of Mann, the first of whom had been King of Norway, but fled to Mann because of a vision he had in which his early death was foretold. He reigned over the kingdom of Mann and the Isles six years.

Malew [], the name of a C. saint to whom the parish of Kirk Malew is dedicated. v. KPN. p. 87. This saint may have represented the pagan Sun-God, Lugh. The early Christian missionaries sometimes found it easier to create Christian saints out of the old pagan gods than to eradicate them.

Malloney, Malooney, &c. Ir. maot ~orhna'~, 'devoted to Sunday or to the Church'.

Marcus, Mark [], Mark; Lat. Marcus, a common name in ancient Rome and its provinces; of uncertain origin, but supposed to be a den of Mars, the Roman God of War; the name of the second of the Four Evangelists. This was the name of a Mx. bishop, who was consecrated by the Archbishop of Nidaros, in the south of Norway, A.D.1275. This prelate gave to the Abbot of Furness the churches of S. Michael and S. Maughold in Mann as an offertory. v. CM., also KPN. p. 299.

Martyn [], Lat. 'of Mars, warlike'. Lat. Martinus, Ir. mapran, mapra1n, m~1~n Made popular by S. Martin of Tours, to whom there was, at least, one church dedicated in Mann.

Maruna [], the name of a famous Ir. saint to whom the parish of Kirk Marown is dedicated. v. KPN. p. 151. Lat. Runius. Der. from the Ir. pon (Mx. ra~n), ' a seal'.

Matthias, the Gr. form of Matthew.

Maughald [], the name of a C. saint to whom the parish of Kirk Maughold is dedicated. The form Machut (ma:'xut) is also found. The derivation is obscure. Lat. Maughaldus, Machutus, &c.

Mian [], Matthias; Ir. ma~1an, probably a dim. of Matthew, which it sometimes translates. The name of one of the Apostles, to whom several churches were dedicated in Mann.

Michal [], Michael; Heb. Mikael, 'Who [is] like God?' (i.e. 'Who is equal to God?'); the name of one of the archangels. Lat. Michael. The parish of Kirk Michael is dedicated to this saint as well as several smaller churches which have now disappeared.
The following forms are also found: Mail, Mayl [m£'al], Miall [mi:'`3l]. This name was also borne by a Mx. bishop, who according to the CM., was a Manxman.
Michael the Canon, V. of the ch. of the Holy Trinity of Ayre, A.D.1408.

Mold, this was a very common forename in Mann in the 15th and 16th centuries and even much later. It is probably den from ON. *Moldi, 'one belonging to the earth' (mold, ' earth or mould'). Moldi is found as a nickname in the LNB.

Moldonny, Ir. maot Domna18. The same name as Mulloney with d unaspirated. v. Brew and Craine.

Mollineux, v. idem in Surnames.

Molmore, CM., Ir. maotfflu1~e, maetrhu1~e, 'S. Mary's tonsured servant'. This name was borne by a Mx. prince. Also spelt Mormore.

Mores [], Maurice; Ir. mu1p, 'sea'; -~;ur,'choice'. Ir. Mod. form, mu1~;ea~, Lat. Murgessius (LA. 1511). Morice, V. of Hollm—S. Patrick's Church, S. Patrick's Isle—A.D.1408.

Morgan [mor'gan], s.n., Ir. mu1~ea~an (dim. of some name commencing with mu1p, 'sea').

Mungo, LA. 1703, Ir. mon~ac, 'hairy'.

Murcard, Ir. mu1pcea,~cac from mu1p, 'the sea', and cea~r 'right'; meaning 'sea-director or sea-expert'. The name of a Mx. chieftain.

Murdach [mur'dax], from Ir. mu1p, 'sea', meaning 'seaman', also 'lord'. Formerly a common Ir. name.


Nele [nE:l], s.n., Ir. n1att (gen. 116'tt), 'a champion'; an ancient Ir. name. Common as a surname in Mann, v. Kneale. A chieftain named Nel is mentioned in CM.

Nichol, Nicholas, Niglas [nig'las], 'Gr. NucoA~os (Nikolaos), "conqueror of the people"; the name of one of the first deacons. The legend of S. Nicholas, Bp. of Myru, made it universal. Lat. Nicolaus' (Woulfe). This name was borne by a Mx. bishop who died in A.D.1217.

Ninian, the name of the Scottish saint to whom S. Trinian's was dedicated.

Niven, Nyven [ni:'van], s.n., Ir. Naoun~n, dim. of naon, Mx. noo, 'saint'.


Odo [], v. Oates. 'Odo the clerk has letters of presentation to the church of S. Santan in Mann, vacant by the death of Dofnald, late rector of the same.'

Olave [], Olaf; Norw. Olav; the name of two kings of Mann and the Isles. v. Auley. Lat. Olavus.

Ollick [], Noel.

Onan, Ir. ~oarrundn; dim. of Adam. Probably there was a ch. dedicated to this saint at Ardonan in Kirk Andreas.

Oran, Ir. Oran; dim. of ot~at\, Mx. o~yr, ' pale green, dun'; the name of nine Ir. saints to one of whom a ch. in Kirk Arbory was dedicated. v. KPN. p. 613.

Orry [, leg. v. Gorry.

Otes [], Oates, 1714. V. idem in Surnames.

Ottar [], CM., s.n. From ON. otr, ' an otter'. The name of a Mx. chieftain.

Paden [], s.n., dim. of Patrick. Ir. pa1~in.

Parick, Patric [], Patrick; Lat. Patricius, 'patrician, noble'. The name of the National Apostle of Ireland. There are two parishes and several smaller churches dedicated to this saint in Mann. Patrick, AD. of Mann, A.D. 1408. Patrick, Rect. of the ch. of S. Brigid, A.D.1408.

Parlane, Ir. partat~n, Bartholomew; Heb. BarTalmai, ` 'son of Talmai'. The name of one of the Twelve Apostles, to whom there are several churches dedicated in Mann.

Paton [], a dim. of Patrick, -t.v.

Paul [], Lat. Paulus, 'small'; the name of the Apostle of the Gentiles. Paul Balkason was the name of a Mx. chieftain.

Payl [], a palatalized form of Paul, probably introduced from Scotland. This form has given us two surnames.

Peddyr [], Peter; 'Lat. Petrus, "rock"; the name given by Christ to Simon, son of Jonas, whom He made Chief of the Apostles and the foundation of His Church' (Woulfe).

Philip, v. Filip.


Ralf, PR. 1717. Teut. Raedwulf, 'swift-wolf, or counsel-wolf'; Frank. Radulf; Ger. Rudolf. Gaelicized in Ireland

Ramsey, Mx. Rhumsaa. Local name now used as a Christian name.

Randall, Randle, LM. 1579, pet form of Randulph; Frank. Randulf, 'shield-wolf'. Lat. Randulfus, Randulphus.

Ranlyn, dim. of Randulph.

Ranold, LA. 1594. V. Reginald.

*Ree [], Rex, Basil.

Reginald, Reynold [], Ronald, Randal, Randulph, &c. ON. Rágnvaldr, 'mighty-power'. Two kings of Mann bore this name, also two bishops.

Rigard [], Richard; Teut. Rikhard, 'powerful, brave'. This name was borne by a Mx. bishop. Lat. Ricardus (CM.). Richard Nowell was one of the monks of Rushen Abbey when it was dissolved. Richard, abbot of the monastery of the Blessed Virgin Mary, of Russyn, A.D.1408. V. Bydcrosse. Richard, V. of the ch. of S. Santan, A.D.1408.

Robart [], Robert; Teut. Hruodberht, Hrothberht, 'fame-bright'.

Robyn [], a dim. of Robert, -t.v.

Roger [], v. Rory.

Roland [], Teut. Hruodlant, Hrothland, 'famous-land'; N. Rollant, Roland; Lat. Rotlandus, Rolandus. Gaelicized Ro~tann. 'Rowland the chaplain has letters of the King of presentation to the church of S. Patrick in Dureby (Jurby) vacant.' A.D.1291 (RS.).

Roolwer, ON. Hrolfr (Hro~o-ulfr). v. Ralf.This is the first Bp. Of Mann as recorded by CM. He held the episcopate about the middle of the IIth century.

Rory [, Roderick, Roger, Roddy; ON. Rothrekr, 'fameruler'. Ir. form truant.

Sampson, Heb. 1leittti 'of the sun, solar'.

Samuel. Often a rendering of Ir. Sorhalpte ON. Sumerlide, 'summer-sailor' in Ireland. Sombairle is often and. Sorley.

Sanctan, Santan [san'tan], the name of an Ir. saint to whom the parish of Kirk Santan is dedicated. v. KPN. p. 133. Lat. Sanctanus, 'holy or sanctified one'.

Sharry, Ir. Serifs, Seagram; Geoffrey, a var. of Gothfraidh (v. Gorry).

Silvester, Sylvester [], Lat. Silvester, 'living in a wood'; Gael. Sa1tbearcap. This has always been a very common Christian name in Mann and is still found.

Simon [], SL. 1421? Symon; ON. Sigmundr, 'victory protection' (OK. Sigemund). This name has been confused with Heb. 11913d, Shimton (Simeon), from the root [ama', ' to hear'. Gr. form ~i~cov (Simon). v. Shimmin in Surnames. Symon was the name of a Mx. bishop who was consecrated in Norway, A.D. 1226. V. de Montacute in Surnames. Simon, son of Simon de Montacute, mar. a dau. of Alweric de St. Amand (or Almond, q.v.).

Snetol. Snetol was one of the witnesses to a charter of Olave I. v. Eudo.

Sorley [], Samuel, q.v.

Stanlagh, Stanley. v. Stanley in Surnames (PR. 1772).

Steaoin [], Stephen, -t.v. (Ir. Sprain, Scream, &c.).

Steen [], a contracted form of Stephen, -t.v.

Stephen [sti:'van], Gr. ~7E'¢)aVO5 (Stephanos), 'crown or wreath'; the name of the protomartyr of the Christian faith.

Sushin [], Swithin.

Sytric, ON. Sigtryggr, 'victory faithful'. This name was borne by Godred I's father.


Teig, Ir. Ma. v. Keig. Teige Herinough (Irishman) had an intack in the abbey lands of Kirk Patrick in A.D. 1600.

Terrence, PR. 1763. A rendering of the Gaelic name C01~eatbac, 'shaped like Thor', showing Scandinavian influence.

Thomase [], Thomas; Heb. dish, Tom, a twin, the same as the Gr. J$vp~os (Didymus); 'the name of one of the twelve Apostles' (Woulfe). This name was borne by a Mx. prelate (CM.).

Thomlyn [], a dim. form of Thomas, -t.v.

Thorfin []; ON. porfinnr, 'Thor's find'. The name of a Mx. chieftain. v. Corrin.

Thorkell [], s.n., CM., ON. porketill, 'Thor's kettle or sacred cauldron'. The name of a Mx. prince (CM.). Turkil the son of Foghel was one of the witnesses to a charter of Olave I. v. Eudo.

Thorleot [], s.n. v. Corlett.

Thormot [], ON. pormohr, 'Thor's wrath'. A Norse pers. name probably introduced from Scotland.

Timothy, Gr. T~O0EOS (Timotheos), 'honouring God'; an ancient name, in use even in pagan times; borne by the disciple of S. Paul. Gaelicized ~10mo1~. ':aoS (v. Teig) is often anal. Timothy.

Turner, 'a turner', or perh. 'an attorney'; Mx. Turneyr. An occupative surname used as a Christian name. A forename among the Calcots or Colquitts.


Urmen, Ir. e1reamon, e1pear~non. An ancient Ir. name. Lat. Heremon, Eremon.


Walter, Tent. Waldhar, Walthar, Walther, 'power-army'. N. Walter; one of the commonest names among the early AngloNormans in Ireland. Lat. Valterius. v. Watterson and Qualtrough v. de Huntercombe, s.n.

Wilmot, dim. of William.


Ysaag [], s.n., Isaac; Heb. Yishaq, Ant', 'laughter'; the name of the Jewish patriarch, son of Abraham and father of Esau and Jacob; in the Old Testament we are told that he was so called because Abraham in his old age (cf. Gen. xvii. 17) laughed at the idea of his having a child. Gaelicized Issac. v. Kissack.



Aedyt, Edith; AS. 'rich gift'. Lat. Editha, It. Edita.

Affrica [], this was always a popular woman's name in Mann. It probably became popular from the fact that it was borne by a Mx. princess who mar. John de Courcy. The name was also borne by Olave I's queen and also one of their daughters, who mar. Somerled, Thane of Argyll. v. Aurick, &c. Aufrica de Connaught, heiress of the Land of Mann, gave and conceded her heirship and right in the said land to Simon de Montacute, knight, A.D. 1305 (DMSS.I).

Agneish, Agnes; Gr. 'Ayvr/ (Hagne), 'sacred, pure'; the name of a Roman virgin, martyred A.D. 304. Agnes Inlowe was a nun in the nunnery of Douglas at the time of its dissolution.

Aileen, Eileen, Eveleen, Evelyn, Ellen, Helen, Ellie, Nelly, Lena, 8cc.; Gr. (Helene), from EA77 (ele), 'sunlight'; the name of the mother of Constantine. Lat. Helena. The gaelicized form is C1bt1n.

Aimil, Eimil [s:'mal], Emily; Lat. Aemilia, the f. form of Aemilius, the cognomen of one of the most ancient of the patrician gentes of Rome, and the name of several early martyrs. Gaelicized C1mite.

I Bib. Bod. Oxon.

*Ainle [ail], Angela.

*Alistrina [olastri:n'a], Alexandra.

Aurick, Averick, other forms of Affrica.


Bahee, Bahy, probably a pet form of Margaret. Always a favourite Christian name in the Isle of Man until recently.

Barbara, Barbary, Gr. 'foreign'.

*Barriaght [bre'ri axt], Victoria.

*Blaa [blEe], Flora.

Blaanid, dim. of blaa. The name of a fabled Mx. princess.

Blaunch, Fr. Blanche, 'white'.

Bridey [bri'3a], also spelt Breeshey. An ancient Ir. name, probably den from Ir. bt\iS, Mx. bree, 'strength'; the name of the goddess of poetry and of hearth and home in pagan Ireland and Mann; sanctified and made for ever illustrious as S. Brigid of Kildare, patroness of Ireland. Several churches were dedicated to this saint in Mann as well as the parish of Kirk Bride. Lat. Brigida.


Calybrid, Ir. Ca1tteac t)pis~e, Mx. Caillagh Bridey, 'female devotee or servant of S. Brigid'.

Calycrist, Ir. Ca1tteac Ctio~r, Mx. Caillagh Creest, 'servant of Christ'.

Calyhony, Ir. Ca1ttead ~ounna1S, 'female devotee or servant of the church'. Calaughtoone is another form of the same name found in the church registers, with voiceless dental (t) instead of spirant and loss of unstressed final syllable, i.e. Ir. Ca1tteac Comn(a1S)

Calypatric, Ca1tteac pa~pa1S, Mx. Caillagh Parick, 'Patrick's devotee'.

Calyvorra, Ir. Ca1tteac fflu1l\e, Mx. Caillagh Voirrey, 'Mary's servant '.

Carter, probably a metathetic form of Catreeney, -t.v.

Catreena [ka tri:'na], Catreeney, Catherine; Gr. KaOap~v7), (Katharine), from Kaoapos (katharos), 'pure'; the name of a celebrated virgin and martyr of Alexandria, brought into Europe by the crusaders. Several churches and wells were dedicated to this saint in Mann. v. KPN.

Cecilia [sis sil'ja], Lat. Caecilia, dim. of caeca, 'blind'. In Ireland it has been gaelicized S1te, which has in its turn been anglicized Sheila. This was the name of a dau. of the King of Norway who was mar. to King Harald of Mann, A.D. 1247. S. Cecilia was the patroness of music and a church was dedicated to her in Jurby, Mann.

Christina [kristi:,na], Lat. Christina, from Christus,'a Christian'. This was the name of Olave II's queen. Cristina, Prioress of Dowglas, A.D. 1408.

Coonee. If not a pet form of Constance, perh. Mx. Cooney [ku:'na], 'help'.

*Creena [kri:'na], Sophia.

Cristian. v. Cristen.


Dorothy, Gr. 'the gift of God'. v. Dorrin.

Dorrin, Ir. '001peann, an ancient Ir. name meaning 'the sullen' Its Mx. equivalent usually refers to sullen or gloomy weather, a tempest. Often translated Dorothy. Lat. Dorinnia.


Ealee, Ealish [e'laJl, Alice; Heb. Ehseba', Y30~7X (Delitzsch), from elf, 'my God' and some form of the root fib', meaning either 'seven' or 'to swear'. The meaning of the whole name is uncertain. It is usually given as 'My God hath sworn', which would be correct Aramaic. Or it may possibly mean 'My God is good fortune', seven being the lucky number. The name of the wife of Zachary and mother of John the Baptist, and of many other holy women; Isabella was the form under which it first came into Ireland and Mann. Lat. Elisabetha. v. Ealisaid and Ysbal.

Ealisaid [], Elizabeth. v. Ealish, a var. of the same name.

*Edina [], Edwina. v. Edin.

Elena, v. Elinor. Elena Calcote was the last abbess of the Nunnery of Douglas.

Elenora, Elinor, Eleanor, a Provencal form of Helena. Ir. e1teano1p, e1tionopa. v. Aileen.

Easter [], Esther; Heb. Knox, 'Ester, of Babylonian origin; the name of the Hebrew lady who was wife of Ahasuerus, King of Persia.

Eubonia, an ancient name of the Isle of Man occurs as a female Christian name several times in the 18th century.

Eue, Eve (Heb.) All, 'life'.

Eunys, Eunice. As a Gr. name means 'happy victory'. The Mx. name means 'pleasure, ecstasy'.


*Falga, an ancient poetical name of the Isle of Man.

Fenella, another form of Fingola, used by Sir Walter Scott in Peveril of the Peak.

Fingola, Phingola [], Ir. T10nnguata, 'fair shoulder'. Fingola was the name of the queen of Godred III of Mann.

*Flaunys [], Uranias.

Franckage [], Frances. v. Franck.


*Grayse [], Grace.


Ibod, Ibot, Ibott, pet name for Isabella.

Iney, Ir. e1ene; Ethna, Etney (Annie); an Ir. pers. name, meaning 'a kernel'.

Ingebiard, ON. Ingibjorg (?), 'help of youth'. This was the name of Olave I's mother.

Isabella, v. Ysbal.

Isot, Issott, dim. of Isabel.


Jinn [], coil. Jane, f. form of Joannes or John.

Joan [], a f. form of John. This name was borne by a Mx. queen, the wife of Olave II. Lat. Johanna.

Johnet, dim. of John.

Jonee, Jony [], another f. form of John. Usually a trans. Of the Eng. Judith.


Katerina, Katrina, Kateryn. v. Catreena.

Kikil, Cecilia, -t.v. Showing the old Latin pronunciation S. Cecilia's Day was called Laal Kikil in Mx., when a fair was held at Jurby.


Leonora. v. Elinor.

*Lilee, Lily, Lelia.


Malane, Madeline, Lat. Magdalena. A name assumed in honour of S. Mary Magdalen, called Moirrey Malane in Mx.

Mally, pet name for Mary.

Margaid [mar greedy, Margaret, Margrett; Gr. Mapyapt771s (Margaritas), 'a pearl', Lat. Margarita. Margaret Egliston was a nun in the Nunnery of Douglas at the time of its dissolution.

Margery, pet name for Margaret.

Marion, a Fr. form of Mary.

Mariot [], Mariod, dim. of Mary.

Marta, Martha; a Biblical name of uncertain origin; borne by the sister of Lazarus and Mary. A popular name of the Igth century.

Matilda, Ger. Mahthild, 'might-heroine'; the name of a royal Ger. saint, the mother of the Emperor Otho I, a lady remarkable for her humility and patience; formerly very common in France; and brought to England by the wife of William the Conqueror. The Flemings called the name Mahault, whence the N. forms, Molde and Maude. Both Matilda and Maud were in use in England, whence they were introduced into Mann during the 16th century. Gaelic. Gamete.

Mawde, Maud. v. Matilda. Gaelic mama.

Moirrey [], Mary; Heb. 1: "1:, which can be read Miryam, or better Mariam, a name difficult of interpretation, as are all names which appear in a very contracted form and in which it is difficult to discover the root-word from which they are derived. It is probably a Heb. name signifying 'bitterness', in the sense of grief, sorrow, affliction, either in reference to the pains of childbirth, or to the moral condition of the mother and family, oppressed by some great misfortune, or perh. to the sad period of the Egyptian bondage, to which the Israelites were subject at the time of the birth of the first Mary, the sister of Moses. It was afterwards the name of several Jewish women, including the Blessed Virgin Mary, Mother of Jesus Christ, but was very slow in creeping into the Western Church. Mary, the dau. of Reginald II, King of Mann and the Isles, was the wife of John de Waldeboef. The latter's grandson, also John de Waldeboef, claimed to be the rightful heir to the throne of Mann.

Mona, a poetical name of the Isle of Man.

More, Mooar, Ir. mop, an ancient Gaelic name, signifying 'great'; Lat. Moral

*Myghin [], Mercy.


Onnee, coil. Ann, Annie; Heb. In, Hannah, 'grace'; a Biblical name borne by the mother of Samuel, the wife of Tobias, and the mother of the Blessed Virgin Mary. Lat. Anna.

*Onnor, Honour; Lat. Honoria, f. dim. of Honorius, 'honourable'. Ir. Ono~a, often contracted to nova.


Paaie, pet name for Margaret; Peggy.


*Rein [r], Regina, 'queen'; Ir. tliosnac.

Reynylt, occasionally used as a woman's name. v. Reginald.

*Roseen [], Little Rose.


Salisbury, a local name. This was a favourite female name of the Taubmans and Norrises who were intermarried.

Sessott, Sissott, dim. of Cecilia.

Sheela, Ir. Site, a gaelicized form of Cecilia.

Sisly. v. Cecilia.


Ursula, Lat. Ursulu, 'little bear'; the name of a Breton maiden who was martyred by the Huns at Cologne in the 5th century.


Vorgell, an asp. form of Morgell, Ir. Teat, 'sea-bright', or 'fair one of the sea'. Usually translated Muriel. Lat. Murgela.

Ysbal [], Isabell. v. Ealee.



Any comments, errors or omissions gratefully received The Editor
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